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Presentation on emc testing and measurement

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discuss the options for EMC testing for compliance with the EMC Directive from the point of view of a manufacturer who wishes to achieve as much progress as possible, in-house, on a limited budget. It is not addressed to test houses nor to those manufacturers who have the resources to emulate most or all of the facilities of an accredited test house in their own premises. There are many small-to-medium sized enterprises who are able to dedicate a modest budget of several thousands or tens of thousands of pounds to an in-house EMC test set-up and who wish to gain the maximum benefit from so doing.

Published in: Engineering
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Presentation on emc testing and measurement

  1. 1. By Rajatsoni MTECHWct e.no.-140291
  2. 2. What is EMC? Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the branch of electrical sciences which studies the unintentional generation, propagation and reception of electromagnetic energy with reference to the unwanted effects (Electromagnetic interference, or EMI) that such energy may induce. The goal of EMC is the correct operation, in the same electromagnetic environment, of different equipment which use electromagnetic phenomena, and the avoidance of any interference effects.
  3. 3. • While electromagnetic interference (EMI) is a phenomenon - the radiation emitted and its effects - electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is an equipment characteristic or property - not to behave unacceptably in the EMI environment. • Electromagnetic interference divides into several categories according to the source and signal characteristics. But generally • Types of interference • Continuous interference • Pulse or transient interference
  4. 4. EMC testing
  5. 5. • Open-air test sites, or OATS, are the reference sites in most standards. They are especially useful for emissions testing of large equipment systems. • Radiated field susceptibility testing typically involves a high-powered source of RF or EM pulse energy and a radiating antenna to direct the energy.
  6. 6. Measurement of Radiated Emissions
  7. 7. Measurement of Radiated Susceptibility
  8. 8.  A convenient approach to illuminate an equipment under test with known field strengths is to used exact half wave length a long dipoles at fixed frequencies.  This arrangement is superior when compared to connecting a test antenna to a signal source using co-axial cable that might distort the field pattern. Antenna Type Frequency, MHz Rod antenna 1 - 30 Loop antenna 1 – 30 Biconical antenna 30 – 220 Dipole antenna 30 - 1000 Log periodic antenna 200 -1000 Conical log spiral 200 – 10000 Wave guide horn Above 1000
  9. 9. 1) Electro magnetic environment It is desirable that the conducted and radiated ambient radio noise and signal levels measured at the test site with the EUT de-energized, be at least 6 dB below the allowable limit of the applicable specification. 2) Electro magnetic scatterers One method for avoiding interference from underground scatters is to use a metallic ground plane to eliminate strong reflections from under ground sources such as buried metallic objects. 3) Power and cable connections The power leads used to energize the EUT, receiver and transmitter should also pass through filters to eliminate the conducted interferences carried by power lines. Measurement Precautions

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