Family counselors are based on the belief that family is a
unique social system that has unique structures and
patterns of communication. Importantly such patterns
are determined by a number of factors. That is the belief
of the parents, the personality of the members of such
families and the influence of the extended families. This
variable results into development of unique personality
that is powerful in influencing family members. Family
therapy is based on the following concepts that is:
Assisting in the treatment of an illness in a family as a
whole. When a member of such structures fell in ill. It is
important that they seek immediate medical attention
to get the required treatments. However, it is important
to note that such illness may significantly affect other
members. This necessitates their treatment. It important
to treat the whole family in the onset of such diseases
since they are also affected either physical or
psychological by such defect. And inappropriate
treatment of the whole structure will result into
reoccurrence of such conditions.
Another aspect is based on the changes in its members.
Any change of one member affects the whole system.
And not only the individual member, this is the reason
behind the usage of whole families structures by most
health practitioners in dealing with patients. They view
any symptom of change or conflict in the group as a
problem posed by one member of the group.
The therapists perform the following functions: they
teachers families functions in general and particularly
their own functions. It essential to individuals to be
aware about their roles to keeps them united. If they
know their roles effectively there will be reduced
conflicts in such structures.
Through this they focus on the whole family rather than
focusing on the individuals who is ill. The treatment is
carried out as a whole. This significantly assists in
reducing the effects posed by such diseases on other
family members. It also involves them in developing an
effective strategy that is aimed at reducing anxiety and
conflicts and solving them.
Individual will be assisted on appropriate ways of
developing suitable solutions to their problems. Through
this they will be able to come up with their own
solutions. They make individuals to adopt appropriate
ways of handling problems. In most cases the way one
handles problems will affect the magnitude of such
During such counseling sessions, the strength of families
are used to handle such problems as all members are
make to understand the need to take responsibility of
their problems. Some members are also guided on the
need to change their behaviors more than others.
This is an active counseling process where both the
counselor and counselee take an active role during
counseling. For example, parents can be informed to
delegate some duties to their children.
Appropriate family counselors are able to make the
family members learn more about themselves and their
functions. The members are expected to regularly
attend such counseling sessions organized by the
counselor depending on the nature of their problem.