Changing IndiaI was personally sceptical and worriedabout the manner in which India ischanging as it is transforming into acapitalist economy.Development, modernization,globalisationShould we be concerned as to howmodernity is being assimilated andexpressed in the country?
A people or class which iscut-off from its own past isfar less free to choose andto act as a people or classthan one that has been ableto situate itself in historyJohn Berger
Where does one start looking foremerging cultures and repercussions ofmodernity in this country ?There was definitely change in urbanenvironments does it representconditions of a majority of the nation?This nation is a container of two verycontrasting worlds, the rural and highlymodernised cities,.If these are forces which change ruralinto urban where can one see theprocess of change in between?What or who is in transition?
What could possibly represent that part of the nation in question?Rural villages Developing small towns Metropolitan Tier II and tier III cities Most of the younger members between the age of 19-35 had moved away to a nearby city Lots of interest is being shown in this particular group What are the conditions of modernity among the young emerging Indian middle class?
The Inbetweens In Transition Immigrants and small towns microcosms Representing the transitional India Emerging India
Understanding Parallel processesImmigrants Phenomenon ofInterviews in Kozhikode and modernityBangalore Theory and conceptual readings Global / Local Non - fiction and fictionSmall townsVisual cultureField studies Forms and mediumsInterviews of representationSchool Children Works on similar premiseOn the streetsIntrospection ArchivingMe and modernityOpinions feelings
Immigrants > Interview Summary 1. There was realisation of their identity and passion in the city 2. They expressed a nostalgic connection to their hometown 3. Some of them expressed a contempt to what modernity has become 4. They cant imagine going back to their hometowns for good 5. Carriers of contrasting personalities and beliefsAniruddha Abhyankar age 28 Venu Menon, age 40 Asha Nambiar: age 35Designer, Activist Sales & Marketing Director Special Education
Small towns > visual cultureS. M Street, Kozhikode Media Archive A media archive was setup so that all my observations were documented A collection of images and Media Landscape sounds from cable television of popular programmes in the neighbourhood
Small Town > InterviewsSchool Children 1. What is the current state of the quality of education in these towns? 2. Doesn’t inequalities brought upon by family backgrounds get levelled in the education process? 3. There is an alarming interest and obsession for spaces such as malls that have come up. 4. Are new possibilities and career paths still Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Kozhikode a far away dream for them?S.M Street The young crowd here doesn’t want to go into retail stores. They prefer the small shop, the small talk, the small bills, the hunting around, the credit. Adel, age 38, S.M Street Shop owner
Phenomenon of modernity Theory and conceptual readings Global / Local Non - fiction and fictionEmerging Youth Cultures in the Era of Mistaken ModernityGlobalization: Dipanker GuptaTechnoCulture & TerrorCultureSam George Butter Chicken in Ludhiana: Travels in Small Town IndiaAcceleration. Changes in the structure of Pankaj Mishratime in modernityHartmut Rosa: Where the rain is born : writings about kerala : Compiled by anita nairThe Moral Consequences of EconomicGrowthBenjamin M. FriedmanConspicuous Consumption: The Theory ofthe Leisure ClassThorstein Veblen
Forms and mediums of representation Works on similar premiseArthur Lipsett:Very nice, Very niceFree Fall (1964)Louise Malle: God’s CountryBob Ostertag: Sooner or Later(1991)Arranging sound to create mood andconcept.Love film: István SzabóImagery and editing for creating moodsof nostalgia . exploration of spaces.recollection of memory
Emerging themes by combining Identityfield studies and readings Time Social Mobility Consumerism Paradoxes or coexistence Nostalgia Scepticism
How to communicate this complex andlayered situation?Can I see them being embodied bydifferent character with their personalstories?I needed perspectives which were goingthrough a process of reflection or criticalanalysis so that observations from theinquiry is communicatedUsing fiction and nonfiction
Anil > loses his job in dubai > Questions his sense of comes to his hometown for > critically analyses and belongingness and identity a holiday after developing an re-evalutes his feelings for his aversion for city of dubai hometown and the countrySearch for identity, rootlessness, aversion to capitalism, estrangement, hybrid,critical perspective, Appu is fascinated by the new malls > thinks that he needs to spend > borrows money and gets that have come up in his money to impress his friends into trouble townConsumerism, media influences , tech-culture Rasheed has started travelling to China > feels he has become more > is caught by the new to pick up cheaper versions strict customs laws aware of the world and his of branded clothes and security checkups, standard of living has increased remembers his simpler pastSocial mobility, terror culture, pressures on informal trade practices, paradoxes and coexistence
Creating /AssemblingVideoUnitsArrangementExpanding one storyTrunk and branchesThe Karsakow System The modern condition as an experience required multiple mediums It wasn’t conceived as one linear story How to arrange all the units and narrate the story at the same time?
Arranging video units one a page?Choosing one perspective andexpanding itAnalysing and expanding themedia archive
Forms and mediums of representation Works on similar approach to representationKorsakow films PeelFilms using arrangement of videos Surabhi Sarafon a page.Multi media approaches jonathan Harris whalehunt project
Trunk and branches Branches The branches are the sequences or units which digress from the main story that represent 1. The various thoughts, internal musing, opinions, recollection, dreams, andTrunk Narrative associations of the characterIs the sequence of events the Orcharacter goes through. 2. Contextual and informative units that could have been heard by the character or for the sake of the viewer, to support any of the other clips.
FormPoint Of ViewWhat Could Establish FeelingsWhat Could Bring Out Thoughts And OpinionsMapping A Mind And ExperiencesWhat technology and tools would enableme to achieve such an arrangement andnavigation of videos?
The korsakow systemArrange videos on a pageLink videos in a nonlinear fashionuse text as when required on the pageGive output as web pageLinking of the video unitsMultiple Videos on a pageImage and textChallengesCombination of linear and nonlinearTweaking the interfaceBalancing character, feelings and context
ConclusiveQuestionsDoes this method of representation give insights intothese complex scenarios and psychological statesthat are emerging in India?