History of old english and american literature

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History of old english and american literature

  1. 1. History of Old English and American Literature
  2. 2. Old English Literature • 5th Century-1066 (Anglo-Saxon Literature/Old English Literature) • Middle English Period • 16th Century (The Renaissance) • 17th Century • 18th Century (Restoration) • 19th Century (Century Drama) • 20th Century (Modern English Literature)
  3. 3. 5th Century-1066 (Anglo-Saxon Literature/Old English Literature) • Genres (Epic Poetry, hagiography, Bible translations, sermons, riddles) • Four Manuscripts (Caedmon’s Hymn, Vercelli Book, Exeter Book and Nowell’s Codex) • Poem (generation to generation through oral tradition read with accompaniment of the harp) • Caesura – frequent pauses in each verse • Alliteration – represents meaning more than the literal • Kennings - metaphor
  4. 4. Kennings • Battle: the storm of swords • Blood: fighting gear/battle gear-armor, battle sweat • Dragon: the twilight spoiler • Lord/King: the protector of warriors, ring giver, dispenser of treasure • Queen: The peace bringer among nations • Sword: the battle lightning
  5. 5. Representative Writer/Works • The Venerable Bede – A monk – Greatest Anglo Saxon Scholar – Wrote “Ecclesiastical History of the English People” – Father of English History • Alfred the Great – King of Southern Anglo-Saxon Kingdom – Encouraged scholarly translations from Latin into Old English • Caedmon – Gift of poetic song – Caedmon’s Hymn (9 line alliterative praise poem for God)
  6. 6. Best Literary Works • Caedmon’s Hymn • Beowulf – The national epic of England – Most notable example of the earliest English poetry – Blends Christianity and Paganism – Beowulf’s 3 fierce fights (Grendell, Grendell’s mother and the Dragon)
  7. 7. Middle English Period • Romances – rank among the most popular literary forms – Rambling love stories presenting knight fights and courtly love • Religion dramas – Became popular – Short plays in religious festivals – (Miracle plays, Mystery plays and Morality Plays)
  8. 8. Representative Writer/Works • Pearl Poet – Best remembered on Sir Gawain and the Knight – Wrote the best example of Romance in middle ages • Geoffrey Chaucer – World’s greatest storyteller – Canterbury Tales • Sir Thomas Mallory – Le Morte d’ Arthur (Arthurian Legends)
  9. 9. Best Literary Works • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight • Everyman – Best morality play – Characters (personification of abstraction) • Everyman • Death • Cousins • Goods • Good Deeds • Fellowships
  10. 10. 16th Century (The Renaissance) • Renaissance (Re-birth) • Literature came into full bloom • Shakespearean Era/ Elizabethan Era

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