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GIS as a Land Planning Resource

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There is a small movement for change in development practices
Landscape Architect Ian McHargleads with new ideas for land planning
Understanding about the environment
Integration with environmental sciences
Addressing human adaptations to the environment

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GIS as a Land Planning Resource

  1. 1. GIS as a Land Planning Resource Michelle M. Landis, RLA Great Ecology November 30, 2016
  2. 2. Overview Land Planning (R)evolution Case Study – Habitat Restoration
  3. 3. 1960s (R)evolution There is a small movement for change in development practices Landscape Architect Ian McHarg leads with new ideas for land planning
  4. 4. 1960s (R)evolution He notices a lack of: Understanding about the environment Integration with environmental sciences Addressing human adaptations to the environment
  5. 5. 1960s (R)evolution 1969 Mr. McHarg publishes the landmark book Design with Nature
  6. 6. 1960s (R)evolution Design With Nature  Foundation for modern ecological planning  Concepts for Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
  7. 7. 1960s (R)evolution
  8. 8. 1960s (R)evolution 1969 Landscape Architect Jack Dangermond founds Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) 1982 launches the ARC/INFO GIS software based system to bring science to the design process
  9. 9. Modern Evolution  ERSI Models http://www.esri.com/news/arcnews/fall04articles/arcgis-raster-data-model.html
  10. 10. Case Study: Habitat Planning for Natural Resource Mitigation Areas Located in Denver, CO Remote analysis to identify potential parcels Field verification to verify and refine findings Conceptual restoration plans Feasibility analysis is performed Future habitat restoration Preble’s Meadow Jumping Mouse
  11. 11. http://chatfieldreallocation.org/wp- content/uploads/Chatfield_Reservoir_Compensatory_Mitigation_Plan.pdf Habitat Planning: Natural Resource Mitigation Areas On-site mitigation areas explored first Additional off-site areas explored to add to mitigation
  12. 12. Habitat Planning: GIS Layers + Remote Analysis Aerial (high resolution) Topo – 1’ contour interval Parcel boundary River Conservation Zone (RCZ) Stream course Remote verification of historic habitat polygons
  13. 13. Habitat Planning: Field Verification Significant Erosion
  14. 14. Habitat Planning: Field Verification Significant Erosion
  15. 15. Habitat Planning: Field Verification Juvenile Willows
  16. 16. Habitat Planning: Field Verification Lack of Willows and Likely the Hydrology Needed to Support Riparian Species
  17. 17. Habitat Planning: Field Verification Southern Portion of the Property Includes High Functioning Ecosystems
  18. 18. Habitat Planning: Revised Habitat Polygons Habitat polygons are revised to match field data
  19. 19. Habitat Planning: Preliminary Concept Used for coordination between design team and scientific staff
  20. 20. Habitat Planning: Final Concept Plan Used for review by agencies and stakeholders
  21. 21. Habitat Planning: Feasibility Study Habitat improvement tiers are used to evaluate project costs related to Ecological Functional Units (EFUs)
  22. 22. Habitat Planning: Planned Restoration After approval by agencies and stakeholders, habitat areas will be enhanced or restored as identified in planning documents
  23. 23. Questions? Michelle M. Landis, RLA Great Ecology mlandis@greatecology.com 858.750.3201

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