Research based learning in research based network


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Presentation from the BELNET user conference perspectives on what a national research network should to to support education and students needs

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  • Norway: small country, small population, not easy to do high bandwidth We have a tradition for collaboration on ICT solutions in the HEI space, this goes way back. May come from the fact that there as so few of us.
  • Uninett never deployed just bandwidth, the Internet was connectivity AND services
  • Todays students are "digital natives" who have integrated their life with online tools like MSN, Skype, YouTube and FaceBook. They share as if administrative boundaries did not exist and expect a similar smooth experience during their educational career. An example is the current demand from students for all lectures to be recorded and podcast, to get the learning into their pockets at any time. They feel that is should be easy to share information, share data, and use the Internet for online collaboration. Ingrid's talk will dive into the technological and social trends, the changing ecosystem of online services and its impact on the people we work for and the challenges that university IT is facing. She will present the Norwegian answer to these challenges, a sector wide effort to deploy collaboration technology to all lecturers, researchers and students alike, removing the boundaries for remote participation and online collaboration.
  • Postcard from Norwegian students. Many thousands of these were handed over to lecturers in the larger universities. The text goes: Can you spot the change? Different times, same teaching! Time to make a change? The back of the postcard called for podcast, more tutoring, digital learning resources etc
  • //usikker
  • Hannes Lubich on social media in the TNC2010 opening plenary - students use technology very different from what we provide as a service - if somebody complains about me in ten years time, when I apply for a job, I would not work for them anyway - gen Y and millennials - social networking is here to stay Andrew Cormacks comment: using a firewall to drive a perimeter through individuals’ thought processes is not going to work…
  • Who wears a watch? Info available from your cell. Strap unneccessary tech device to your body, and I am sure you can rationalize it. Expectations rule your everyday life Define generation gap, in context of this presentation Context rules Mature is good for cheese, is it good for physics and math? Generation gap in expectations Generation gap in skills and attitude Mobile devices Social media
  • Knut enters university University takes away his tools, brand him outlaw University gives him outdated tools University lock his information away from his tools Is Knut working efficiently? We started using it whan we started working
  • Technology has escaped from campus, and into the lives and minds of our user population Chad Kainz'convenience: we've made all this stuff seem easy' - a rod for our own back for the forthcoming years? google does it, why can't you? Internet2 : Lots of great advanced technology out there deployed in pockets Great at custom demos that show off incredible bandwidth, high quality video, seemless authentication, … Not so great at making this all available to normal end users at their desks Users often need to become network experts to make all of this work Previous model: we did our work in the network core, now if only campuses and regionals would do their part… New model: joint effort to make technology work end to end
  • What is happening today? Do we have enough bandwidth? Security, access and availability Flexibility and cost I seldom ask myself «does the network support research and education?» Values we like: open solution, open source, available, advanced What is likely to happen tomorrow? Compare with immature areas
  • What do students expect? Digital natives
  • The current draft of the presentation is quite similar to what I presented at TNC2010 in Vilnius - laying out the background of what I believe student/staff expect emphasis on learning and teaching (Guido covers research) - waffle a bit about cloud computing and local IT departments - claim that federated ID is needed for collaboration tools of all kinds ...leaving the details to your presentation - talk about lecture capture and how ubiquitous access to education translates to collaboration tools - sharing is good for you and me and higher ed why do we put web meeting tools in the hands of every student?
  • Note that my organizational affiliation is not as visible as you would expect. This is a side effect of the social media, as they are used today.
  • Research based learning in research based network

    1. 1. Research based learning in research based networks Ingrid Melve, Uninett CTO BNC: 2010-11-19
    2. 2. Where do I come from <ul><li>Uninett in Norway </li></ul><ul><li><5 million persons </li></ul><ul><li>Long country, fjords </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed population, distributed higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive university collaboration </li></ul>
    3. 3. UNINETT on campus <ul><li>1980s-1992: Internet to higher education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet= router + server (Samson) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1994-1998: Multi-campus college (KOMPAKT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet= routers + infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1999- : Administrative systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploying shared systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2006-2009: Campus networks (GigaCampus) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet = routers + campus network, BCP </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. UNINETT on campus - now <ul><li>High bandwidth into campuses across the country </li></ul><ul><li>2003- : Feide (Federated IDEntity for Education) </li></ul><ul><li>2010- : @campus, Best Current Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SIP, network monitoring, cabling requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2010- : eCampus in research and learning </li></ul>
    5. 5. Overview <ul><li>eCampus in Norway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure for collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for teaching, learning and exploring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social trends </li></ul><ul><li>Technological trends </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem of online services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do we do now? Why? Adaption </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Why do Uninett eCampus? <ul><li>We were asked to: there is a need </li></ul><ul><li>Our job to ensure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>things work across network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>standardization and national collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sharing of best practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cost efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connecting campuses to the world </li></ul>
    7. 8. eCampus program <ul><li>First tasks focus on lectures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web meeting and video conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lectures shared (in group or open) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile solutions </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. National collaboration <ul><li>Collaboration, organization and sharing is high on the political agenda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video meetings are useful for multi-campus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance education is increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses cross organizational boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standardizing solutions eases integration </li></ul><ul><li>Open solutions create interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define shared architecture for solution space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student wave requires new thinking to scale up education facilities </li></ul>
    9. 11. Society benefits <ul><li>Better use of the resources for developing and presenting teaching materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturers matter! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adapting to changes in society, better flexibility: restructuring university sector </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and competence increase productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open lectures online is one tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increased collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Green IT, stop climate change </li></ul>
    10. 12. University and faculty benefits <ul><li>Collaboration give higher yields </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to collaborate across distance </li></ul><ul><li>Building good learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous access opens education independent of geography </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to share information, transparency and open information is visible </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve resources for reference and further use in institution </li></ul>
    11. 13. Student benefits <ul><li>Power of choice: more courses with higher quality </li></ul><ul><li>Access: repeat lecture at will, presence, facilitate communication </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday ICT for digital natives, web2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Easy access to research materials and text books </li></ul><ul><li>Student parliaments want podcast today </li></ul><ul><li>All students have “special” needs </li></ul>
    12. 14. What has eCampus learned? <ul><li>We have the tools to make a change </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration and transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Digital natives demand more, and faster </li></ul><ul><li>People look to us to do collaboration and deliver concrete services </li></ul><ul><li>Universal access to services is vital </li></ul><ul><li>Innovators and early adopters are not the majority of our users  </li></ul>
    13. 15. Student lessons <ul><li>It is not only our network anymore </li></ul><ul><li>Students bring open free services inside our institutions (and our security domains) </li></ul><ul><li>Universities: stability, neutrality and trust </li></ul><ul><li>Students come with a Internet past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know their tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tailor solutions to the needs of universities (and students) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students mutate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We cannot predict wishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We may predict their needs in learning and research </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. eCampus services <ul><li>Working groups on AV equipment, web meetings and lecture capture </li></ul><ul><li>Web meetings: interim solution, planning Call for Tender </li></ul><ul><li>CloudStor for sharing big files </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot for lecture capture: Opencast, podcast etc </li></ul><ul><li>MCU for video conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting groups and collaboration, testing concepts and integration with federated identity </li></ul>
    15. 17. What changed usage of tech? <ul><li>Age of the Ego </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I want my 15 minutes of fame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalization of services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web2.0: instant gratification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age of Sharing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing content as if there was no tomorrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age of Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk conscious, on the institution side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portals, giving one single consistent world view </li></ul></ul>
    16. 19. Digital Native is a state of mind <ul><li>Attitude towards technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>... of course I can! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willing to leave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willing to try (and fail a bit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital self confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Familiarity with technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I was born with this... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet and other digital media takes many (3-7) hours every day </li></ul>
    17. 20. Digital competence aspects
    18. 21. Research based education <ul><li>Lecture hall style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand in auditorium, students listen and makes notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remote education, life long learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teaching research participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data intensive, students gather and process data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative, participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Education: sharing and participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access is mandatory for research papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Courseware is not yet mandatory for university lectures </li></ul></ul>
    19. 22. ICT questions from the past 3 months <ul><li>How do we span time and space? Is video conference and formal studio recordings the only answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Student PCs and Macs are out of control, can I get them to comply with security audits? </li></ul><ul><li>How many scientific papers and citations do we get per MW used on HPC and Grids? </li></ul><ul><li>If Facebook can XXXX, why not my university? </li></ul><ul><li>If we capture 40% of the lectures, will students learn better? Lecturers teach better? </li></ul><ul><li>Why cannot anyone publish material on a university wiki with the university logo? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to put me on the Internet? At my age? </li></ul>
    20. 23. Technological trends <ul><li>General trends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to delivery gets shorter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exponential growth is natural, network effects rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federated identity in higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration tools coming of age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction and action rules the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Always online, availability of network </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile devices on every body </li></ul>
    21. 24. Federated Identity <ul><li>Ties person to institution in an ephemeral world of clouds and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Support for attributes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what do we need to know about you? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enables cloud computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removes user database from service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interesting pilots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups and roles, enabling universal access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration with social networks </li></ul></ul>
    22. 25. It is when people stop thinking of something as a piece of technology that the thing starts to have its biggest impact. Wheels, wells, books, spectacles were all once wonders of the world; now they are everywhere, and we can't live without them. John Lanchester
    23. 26. Ecosystem of online services <ul><li>At large sites in the cloud </li></ul><ul><li>At shared sites, small and large </li></ul><ul><li>Inside your university </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formally acknowledged and funded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underground (and client side) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It does not have to be perfect, just good enough </li></ul><ul><li>KISS and tell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>keep it simple, and share </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. Technology moving away from campus <ul><li>IT expectations do not move away from campus </li></ul><ul><li>IT departments go from providing boxes to collaboration and processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not fall into the administrative trap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning, teaching and research are critical </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Skill set for IT people is expanding </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Natives are nice people :) </li></ul>
    25. 28. Technology went away from campus <ul><li>To open providers, with free services </li></ul><ul><li>Into the cloud </li></ul><ul><li>No control over user devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC or Mac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone or iPad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IT department focus on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>standards and ready made solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not innovation and education processes </li></ul></ul>
    26. 29. The power of expectations <ul><li>Tabula rasa days for campus ICT are over </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students are not blank minds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student parliaments want podcast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students are digital natives (Just in Time), faculty are digital immigrants (planning and analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>How do we adjust to user expectations? </li></ul>
    27. 30. Web meetings <ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings (faculty and staff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lectures (lecturer and students) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ad hoc collaboration (research project, study groups) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Available for everyone in higher education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabled by federated ID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rollout, training, user support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guidance from working group and user community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>systematically revisit our choices </li></ul></ul>
    28. 31. Lecture capture (and other recordings) <ul><li>Why? All students are special </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanning distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanning time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revisiting highlights of learning materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? Piloting various solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low end lecture capture (individual on laptop) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automated (institution, industrial scale) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opencast (Matterhorn and MediaMosa) </li></ul></ul>
    29. 32. Summing up <ul><li>Students expectations has changed </li></ul><ul><li>Service delivery has changed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federated Identity is crucial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need to support learning processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration is key to success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture capture is key element </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing is good for us </li></ul>
    30. 33. Contact <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>The eCampus work in Norway </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter: ecampusnorge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>as digital natives, we are open for collaboration :) </li></ul></ul>