Canis Lupus

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Canis Lupus

  1. 1. Arctic Wolf By Iman Luther
  2. 2. Scientific Classification <ul><li>Kingdom animalia, </li></ul><ul><li>phylum chordata, </li></ul><ul><li>class mammalia, </li></ul><ul><li>order carnivora, </li></ul><ul><li>family canidae, </li></ul><ul><li>genus canis, </li></ul><ul><li>species lupus </li></ul>
  3. 3. Habitat <ul><li>Live in the High Artic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Pole </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintain white coat year round </li></ul>
  4. 4. What They Eat <ul><li>Are carnivors </li></ul><ul><li>Primary eat musk oxen, caribou, and arctic hares </li></ul><ul><li>Hunt in small packs of 2-3 wolves </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics <ul><li>Have 2 coats of fur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top coat is oily so that it is water resistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undercoat is thick to insulate heat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smaller than most most wolves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have smaller ears and noses to maintain heat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large wooly paws that are webbed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps tread over snow quietly and efficiently </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics <ul><li>Pups are born with one coat of fur but are blind. When their eyes first open they are blue and then change to yellow at 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Feed from mothers breast milk and regurgitated food </li></ul><ul><li>Are weaned at 2-4 months </li></ul>
  7. 7. Behaviors <ul><li>Mate during the summer months </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only time when there is some grass on the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The time when there is the most food available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have small packs that consist of… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alpha male, Alpha female, Yearlings, and new born pups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum 8 wolves to a pack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will sometimes adopt a stray wolf as a step parent </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Behaviors <ul><li>Alpha status is automatic once a wolf has mated </li></ul><ul><li>An alpha male has dominance over every other wolf but an alpha female has dominance over every wolf but the male </li></ul><ul><li>Wolf packs behave differently when there are pups and when there are not </li></ul>
  9. 9. Howling <ul><li>Wolf howls are a wolf’s communication to one </li></ul><ul><li>another. Their specific pitch </li></ul><ul><li> and tone is audible through </li></ul><ul><li>thick woods and high pitched </li></ul><ul><li> winds. It can let a hunting </li></ul><ul><li>party know that the rendez </li></ul><ul><li>vous spot has been changed </li></ul><ul><li>or the marking of territory </li></ul><ul><li>Large packs of wolfs will howl more than smaller packs this is because smaller packs have less competition for territory </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mating <ul><li>Mating season is during the summer months of june, july, and august </li></ul><ul><li>Both male and female wolves are wanderers until they find a mate </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually mature at 2-3 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Female will birth 2-4 pups at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance issues are rare because packs stay so small in order to have enough food for everyone. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Dominance <ul><li>A demonstration of social dominance is when a wolf stands </li></ul><ul><li> over a sitting wolf. The sitting wolf will have their ears </li></ul><ul><li> tucked back, and standing wolf will have ears erect and tail horizontal </li></ul><ul><li>A dominant stance when a couple is about to mate is the </li></ul><ul><li>female will lay on her side with her legs stretched out and </li></ul><ul><li> the male will sniff her genitals. </li></ul><ul><li>Submitting to the alpha male or female simply means </li></ul><ul><li>that they are trying to be friendly and are not showing any </li></ul><ul><li>type of challenge to their dominance. </li></ul><ul><li>Active submission is demonstrated when a younger wolf </li></ul><ul><li>is begging for food from either one of the alphas. They will </li></ul><ul><li> approach the alphas with their ears tucked back head </li></ul><ul><li>lowered horizontally and their tail wagging, then they will </li></ul><ul><li>“ lick up”.the alpha will choose to regurgitate food or not. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Social Dominance <ul><li>Licking up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licking up is when a wolf approaches an alpha in active submission and licks the mouth of the alpha like a kiss. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passive submission is like the submission a female will do for a male before they mate. The wolf will lay on its back or side and the alpha will sniff its genitals. “Standing over” is a wolf’s way of affectionately hugging </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hunting <ul><li>Alpha male and female will hunt separate from the yearlings </li></ul><ul><li>Both will hunt for 2-3 hour intervals will rarely leave pups alone </li></ul><ul><li>Newly born pups will only be left in a hidden den when food is scarce </li></ul><ul><li>The wolves will only keep coming back to the same den for a maximum of 2 weeks so that their scent is not picked up but predators. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How do wolf packs act differently when there are pups and when there aren’t <ul><li>When a wolf pack has pups the yearlings, which are the wolves that are 1-2 years old, are more independent and leave the pack to mate and make their own packs earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>Alpha male and alpha female do not hunt with yearlings and spend more time on providing food for the pups </li></ul><ul><li>Yearlings will also regurgitate food for the pups </li></ul>
  15. 15. When wolf packs do not have pups <ul><li>Yearlings will stay with the pack longer </li></ul><ul><li>Alpha male and female will regurgitate food to them if they beg </li></ul><ul><li>Yearlings will hunt with alpha male and female </li></ul><ul><li>Yearlings will sleep in close vicinity to each other like young pups who need more warmth until their second coat grows. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bibiliography <ul><li>http://www.galleryone.com/images/brenders/brenders_-_tundra_summit-arctic_wolves.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itsnature.org/Ice/images/article-images/arctic-wolf.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.asij.ac.jp/elementary/projects/3-s/webgame/milesb/arcticwolf1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/wolf/Arctic%20Wolf.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticWolfpup.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticwolfOK.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://grannevacation.s3.amazonaws.com/2007_summer_plains/20070701_sunday/20070701_bear_country_elk_solo_640x480.jpg </li></ul>

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