Unit 1 First Americans


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Unit 1 First Americans

  1. 1. America In The Beginning<br />Who were the first Americans?<br />This land bridge is known as Beringia<br />Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migration to the America&apos;s. <br />This caused ocean levels to decrease <br />and expose land.<br />In the Bering straight a land bridge appeared connecting Siberia (Asia) and the Americans<br />30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age<br />The world was covered in glaciers<br />or sheets of ice. <br />How and why did they come here?<br />
  2. 2. America In The Beginning<br />What happened when they came to America?<br />The ice age ended warming up glaciers causing water levels to rise covering up the land bridge.<br />Some animals died off like mammoths.<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own environment<br />in order to survive. <br /> How did they meet their new needs?<br />Hunter&apos;s in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the mammoths and spread out or migrated to the America&apos;s<br />
  3. 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?<br />America In The Beginning<br />Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating <br />cultural region.<br />Many Native American have these things in common.<br />1. Nature has a spirit &believe in many gods.<br />2. No one can own land.<br />4. Only use what is needed (no waste).<br />5. trade was important to most societies<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter. <br />What did they have in common?<br />
  4. 4. 8 Cultural<br /> Regions<br />California<br />Great Basin<br />Great Plains<br />South East<br />North West Coast<br />Plateau<br />Eastern Woodlands<br />South West<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. 8 Cultural Regions<br />
  7. 7. North West Coast<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />cool summers<br />heavy rainfall<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/beaches<br />thick forests of fir, <br />spruce, and cedar<br />rugged mountains<br />seafood/salmon<br />deer, moose, bear, elk, <br />beaver, mountain goats<br />Tool:<br />Used cedar canoes to hunt fenced in salmon laying eggs used cedar to make rope hats and baskets, shell needles used wedges, sludge hammers, drills, and knives to carve wooden masks. <br />Clothing: <br />Cedar water proof clothing like capes with decorative shell buttons<br />Shelter: lived near the coast cedar long houses with cedar bark roofs<br />
  8. 8. California<br />Weather:<br /> rainy winters<br />hot dry summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/coast<br />foothills<br />valley&apos;s<br />deserts<br />mountains<br />acorns, oak trees<br />grass, and plants<br />redwood trees<br />salmon/seafood/shellfish<br />deer, rabbits, ducks, <br />roots berries, pine nuts <br />Culture:<br />Tools<br />Used bows & arrows, snares, and nets used cooking stones to eat meal tools from antlers<br />Clothing: grass/leather aprons and skirts<br />Shelter: cone shaped made out off red wood bark, pole , and reeds woven into mats <br />
  9. 9. Great Basin<br />Weather:<br />little rain<br />hot during the day <br />cold at night<br />Natural Resources:<br />mostly dessert<br />low areas surrounded by <br />mountains at the edges<br />with valleys that had <br />seasonal lakes and streams<br />plants that need little water like<br />grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, <br />at the outer edges pine trees, and willow<br />small animals rabbits, lizards, <br />grasshoppers, snakes<br /> sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons <br />seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail<br />Cultures:<br />Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap, floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks , flat baskets for catching seeds.<br />Clothing: rabbit robes in the winter.<br />Shelter: nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and seeds<br />
  10. 10. Plateau<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />comfortable summers <br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains with <br />dense forests in areas<br />flatter in the center with <br />drier grass lands<br />rivers<br />driftwood, mud, dirt,<br />grass and sage brush<br />fish, antelope, deer, seeds<br />onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon<br />Culture:<br />Tools: woven baskets, willow digging, sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets and spears for salmon<br />Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings, dresses and skirts, woven hats, seed and shell designs<br />Shelter: near rivers partly underground out of driftwood, mud, sap, and, reeds .<br />
  11. 11. Great Plains<br />Weather:<br />cold winters <br />hot summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains surrounding edges<br />treeless grasslands in the center<br />east more water and softer soil<br />west drier dense grass<br />Buffalo and smaller animals<br />Tools: bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, v shapes stone trap, fire, bone, knives shields<br />Clothing: buffalo robes and hides<br />Shelter: houses called tipis (plains word for dwelling) <br />
  12. 12. South West<br />Weather:<br />high temperatures<br />little rain <br />dry/arid<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains, canyons<br />desserts, flat top mesas<br />rivers, little water<br />clay, brightly colored plants, cotton<br />corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits<br />Houses: made of bricks and adobe( sun baked clay). Up to 4 stories and had hundreds of rooms.<br />Clothes: made of cotton. Using plants to dye the fabric<br />Tools: lived in flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches, and dams to hold summer rain.<br />Women were grinding corn into cornmeal. They used clay pot to cook chili pepper stews<br />
  13. 13. Eastern Woodlands<br />Weather:<br />snowy winters , rain<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />lots of lakes and streams<br />Forests, plants, <br />maple trees, elm,<br />deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish<br />corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,<br />nuts, berries<br />Houses: long houses sturdy, log- framed houses covered in elm bark about twenty feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.<br />clothing: skirts, capes, and moccasins made of deer skins.<br />Tools: ground corn with wooden sticks, used wooden canoes, speared fish.<br />For farming land, men burnt small section of trees and underbrush. Women used hoes for planting. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.<br />
  14. 14. South East<br />Weather:<br />long warm humid summers<br />mild winters<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />Fertile coastal plains<br />mountains, <br />swamps<br />Trees, clay, shells, <br />corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, <br />sunflowers, sweet potatoes<br />squirrels, rabbits, turkeys, <br />deer, alligators, turtles,<br />wild rice, persimmons<br />Houses: made from strips of young trees woven into a rectangular frame, then plastered with clay. These houses pointed roofs made of leaves.<br />Towns included mounds which has burial sights<br />And used has platforms for temples.<br />Clothing: made of deer skin. Jewelry made of stones, shell, feathers, pearls , bones, and clay.<br />Tools: used hoes made of stone shell or animal shoulder blades. Hunted using small blow guns, bow and arrows.<br />