Hypertext system


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Hypertext system

  1. 1.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Concept of Text </li></ul>The concept of hypertext was initially pioneered by Bush,<br />who is known as the “grandfather” of hypertext, in 1945.<br />Modern computers, furthermore, allow us to expand the <br />notion of text to include not only texts and pictures as in <br />printed texts, but also sound, music, animation and video in<br />single hypertext system.<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li> What is Hypertext?</li></ul>In general sense, hypertext means non-sequential <br />reading and writing. A hypertext system allows a user to <br />link information together, thereby creating trails <br />through associated materials. A link connects words or <br />Sentences in one electronic document to relate <br />information in another document. Look at figure 1 : <br />Contents <br />A<br />B<br />C<br />
  4. 4. Hypertext and Hypermedia <br />As a matter of fact, hypermedia is similar to hypertext. <br />the only distinction is that instead of linking just text, <br />users can link to other media, such as graphic, video, <br />spreadsheet, animation as well as sound. In short, users<br />of hypermedia systems can link together information of <br />any media type provided by current technology. <br />
  5. 5. Advantages of Hypertext <br /><ul><li> ease of tracing references
  6. 6. Ease of creating new references
  7. 7. Information structuring
  8. 8. Global views
  9. 9. Customized documents
  10. 10. Modularity of information
  11. 11. Consistency of information
  12. 12. Task stacking
  13. 13. Collaboration </li></li></ul><li>Problems with Hypertext <br />Conklin had the opinion that: <br />Along with the power to organize information much <br />more complexly comes the problem of having to know: <br /><ul><li>Where you are in the network and
  14. 14. How to get to some other place that you know (or think) exists in the network. He call this the “disorientation” problem. </li></li></ul><li>Hypertext Application <br />Due to the capability of the hypertext system as a <br />computer medium (this enables users to navigate and <br />browse information), the application of hypertext is, <br />now, being developed. Some of hypertext applications <br />are listed below: <br /><ul><li>Business
  15. 15. Information resources and
  16. 16. Personal learning </li></li></ul><li>Application of Hypertext in education <br />The hypertext can be utilized for educational purposes, <br />such as for creating a personal learning tutorial which is <br />commonly known as the computer assisted learning <br />(CAL). The application of hypertext for educational <br />purposes, especially for creating the CAL, is due to its<br />Interactive capability and flexibility. <br />
  17. 17. Hypertext in language learning <br />The increasing interest to apply hypertext system for <br />language learning and teaching purposes is due to the <br />capability of hypertext-interactive capability and flexibility-<br />as a computer medium .<br />As a matter of fact, hypertext system can be implemented in<br />learning of all languages skills – listening, speaking, reading,<br />and writing – and also language aspects (components), such <br />as vocabulary or grammar. <br />
  18. 18. Conclusion <br />The hypertext system is the effective way to learn language.<br />It can link some information available that wants to be<br />opened by the users without starting from the first <br />document sequentially, in other word, the users can <br />choose any information of their own interest non-sequentially. <br />Hypertext links provide unique benefits to hypertext readers <br />believe that hypertext links help readers make connections, <br />generate novel associations, facilitate collaboration, assure<br />future orientation, and enhance learning.<br />