ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
Who, that, which, and whose.
• Review Adjective clauses begin with a relative
pronoun: Relative pronouns that can be the
o...
WARNING!
• Do NOT use a subject pronoun (I,
you, he, she, it , we, they) and a
object relative pronoun in the
same clause:...
Adjective clauses can be identifying and
nonidentifying
• An identifying adjective clause is
necessary to identify the nou...
When do we leave out the object relative
pronoun?
• In an identifying adjective clause,
we can often leave out the object
...
Who(m), that, which, and whose
• WHOM, WHO, OR THAT for people
• You can also LEAVE OUT the
relative pronoun. (WHEN NO
COM...
Who(m), that, which, and whose with
prepositions
• The relative pronouns Who(m),
that, which, and whose can be the
object ...
WHEN and WHERE
• When and where are also used to
start an adjective clause
• When or that for time

• I remember the day w...
Source
• Focus on Grammar 4 - 2011
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Adjective clauses with subject relative pronouns

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Adjective clauses - with subject relative clauses

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Adjective clauses with subject relative pronouns

  1. 1. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
  2. 2. Who, that, which, and whose. • Review Adjective clauses begin with a relative pronoun: Relative pronouns that can be the object of the clause are: SUB • Eva is a writer. She was born in Poland. • Eva, who was born in Poland, is a writer. OBJ • Eva is a writer. I saw her on TV. OBJ • Eva, who I saw on TV, is a writer. • FORM: OBJ RELATIVE PRONOUN + S + V • I like the food which she makes. • I like the food which they make.
  3. 3. WARNING! • Do NOT use a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it , we, they) and a object relative pronoun in the same clause: • She is the singer who I saw on TV • NOT: She is the writer who I saw her on TV.
  4. 4. Adjective clauses can be identifying and nonidentifying • An identifying adjective clause is necessary to identify the noun it refers to. • IDENTIFYING: I read a lot of books. The book which I just finished was very interesting. (The adjective clause is necessary to identify the noun it refers to (which book). NONIDENTIFYING: • I read a lot of books. This book, which I just finished, was very interesting. (I’m pointing to the book, so the adjective clause isn’t necessary to identify it. The clause gives additional information).
  5. 5. When do we leave out the object relative pronoun? • In an identifying adjective clause, we can often leave out the object pronoun. • The book which I just finished is great. OR • The book I just finished is great. • BUT DO NOT leave out the object relative pronoun in a nonidentifying adjective clause • This book, I just finished, is great. • This book, which I just finished, is great. CORRECT
  6. 6. Who(m), that, which, and whose • WHOM, WHO, OR THAT for people • You can also LEAVE OUT the relative pronoun. (WHEN NO COMMAS) • Which or That for things. You can also leave out the relative pronoun. (WHEN NO COMMAS) • Whose + noun to show possession. You CANNOT leave out the relative pronoun. • She’s the writer who/whom I met. • She’s the writer I met. • I read the book which/that she wrote. • I read the book she wrote. • That’s the author whose book I read. • NOT: That’s the author book I read.
  7. 7. Who(m), that, which, and whose with prepositions • The relative pronouns Who(m), that, which, and whose can be the object of a preposition: • REMEMBER: DO NOT leave the relative pronoun with whose • He is the writer. I work for him. • He’s the writer for whom I work. (formal) • OR • He’s the writer who I work for. (informal) • OR • He’s the writer I work for. *less formal • He’s the writer. I work for his wife. • He’s the writer whose wife I work for.
  8. 8. WHEN and WHERE • When and where are also used to start an adjective clause • When or that for time • I remember the day when/that I met you. • Where – place That’s the library where she works. • NOTE: You CAN leave out when and that in identifying adjective clauses ( NO COMMAS)
  9. 9. Source • Focus on Grammar 4 - 2011

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