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Mr. teemu sipila protecting rolling stock - water mist fire protection

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Mr. teemu sipila protecting rolling stock - water mist fire protection

  1. 1. Protecting Rolling Stock - Water Mist Fire Protection Kuwait Rail & Metro Conference 2012 Teemu Sipilä Regional Sales Manager teemu.sipila@marioff.fiHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 1
  2. 2. What is Water-Mist ? Water-Mist systems utilize clean water as fire-fighting agent. Water is the oldest, the most widely used, and the most widely available fire fighting agent in the world:  Non-toxic  Environmentally friendly  Has superior fire fighting capabilities in a wide range of applicationsHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 2
  3. 3. What is HI-FOG®? Basic principle is sprayed water by means high pressure through special nozzles of creating HI-FOG® water mistHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 3
  4. 4. HI-FOG Fundamental principle DECREASING THE DROPLET SIZE BY A FACTOR OF TEN Increases the number of droplets by a factor of thousand  Increases the surface area by a factor of ten  Increases evaporation rate by a factor of tenHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 4
  5. 5. What about HI-FOG® water mist and electronics? “None of the tests conducted indicated any significant increase in hazard to the personnel in the vicinity of the charged plate due to the presence of the water mist.” (Hughes Associates, 2004)HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 5
  6. 6. Discharge test – transformers 26 kV & 95 kV High voltage discharge test Acceptance criteria <500 micro A Measured current Spray head Plate In the beginning MaximumHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 6
  7. 7. Examples of Water Mist Applications – Road Tunnels Abu Dhabi  Al Salam street twin tunnel  HI-FOG® protects 2 x 2,3km of heavy traffic tunnel Paris  A86 West tunnel, part of “super-ring” road  HI-FOG® protects 10 km section, two super-imposed levels  Three pumping stations Madrid  Tunnels of the M30 inner ring road  HI-FOG® protects 5 important sections Helsinki  HI-FOG® protects city’s downtown service tunnel  Finland’s first automatic tunnel fire protection systemHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 7
  8. 8. Examples of Water Mist Applications – Passenger Stations Madrid Metro London Underground Barcelona Metro Bilbao Metro Palma de Mallorca Metro Washington Dulles Airport ATSHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 8
  9. 9. Examples of Water Mist Applications – Rolling Stock Madrid Metro – 226 trains today, over 1,300 carriages – 286 trains by 2011 (since 2000) – 3 manufacturers – Target: passenger areas, drivers’ cabins – System: Train protection (Compact GPU) •Daegu Monorail – 28 trains, 84 carriages (by 2014) – Target: passenger areas – System: Train protection (Cylinder Units) • detection system from ConsiliumHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 9
  10. 10. Examples of Water Mist Applications – Rolling Stock International high-speed train (Europe) Regional single deck DMU (Italy)  50 trains (2011 – 2017)  5 trains (2011 – 2012)  Target: passenger areas  Target: passenger areas, power pack, fuel tank  System: Precision protection (pop-out sprinklers)  System: Zone protection (pop-out spray heads)  detection system  detection system from Consilium  aerosols for technical areas  aerosols for technical areas Regional single deck EMU (Italy) Regional single deck EMU (Italy)  8 trains (2011 – 2012)  9 trains (2012 – 2013)  Target: passenger areas  Target: passenger areas  System: Zone protection (pop-out spray heads)  System: Precision protection (pop-out sprinklers)  detection system from Consilium  aerosols for technical areasHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 10
  11. 11. Rolling Stock Specific Considerations Passenger areas Arson?, accidental? Type of Type of vehicle protection Fixed or variable train composition Spaces available Design of Fire Protection Constraints carriages Solution Cost Environmental effectiveness friendly Life-cycle costs Aesthetics No additives, only water RAMS ”Invisible”HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 11
  12. 12. Fire protection of Rolling Stock • General description of the solution: • The supression system is to control and suppress fires in different areas of the train: • Passanger areas (seating areas, toilets, vestibules, sleeping cars, restaurant cars) • Technical areas (engine and electric enclosures) • The system in passenger areas might be, at train level, centralized or distributed: • On fix configuration trains, it is preferred a centralized solution, with 1 or 2 water mist units connected to the entire pipe network and nozzles. • On variable configuration trains, that adds or removes single coahes on a daily base, the system is normally distributed, with small but indipendent systems installed on every coach. • The system in the technical areas is normally distributed, using water mist or other technologies to protect the single area • NO ONE-FIT-ALL but TAILOR-MADE SOLUTIONHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 12
  13. 13. Generic solutions: passengers areas- Variable or fixed composition train- Water mist system in passenger areas: 2 different solutions:- Spray head system- Pop out sprinkler Main risk areas considered: - Passenger areas, including toilette and vestibules HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 13
  14. 14. Typical configurationsNozzles or pop-out sprinklersCreating and discharging mist Section valves Addressing mist Pressure units – MAU or HAU Pressurizes water (local or centralized at train level) HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 14
  15. 15. Distributed layout (one system-one car) Vertical or horizontal cylinder unitHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 15
  16. 16. Centralized layout (one system - more cars) Vertical or horizontal cylinder unit (available also in oveceiling version)HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 16
  17. 17. Open nozzles deluge system • System concept: • The detection system gives alarm and activate the unit and the section valve/s of the alarmed zone/s • The mist will discharge through the open nozzles of the specific zone • Typical hardware composition: • MARIOFF MAU or HAU (accumulator pressure units), typically composed of a 50 l pressure cylinder + (2 or 3) 50 l water cylinders • Main dry pipe along a single car or entire train, diameter 16-20 mm • Zone system each half of a car + a nozzle(s) overlapping • Each zone controlled by a machinery section valveHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 17
  18. 18. Zoned deluge system Open nozzles Main pipe 16- Distribution Solenoid Overlapping 25 mm. 12-16 mm.section valve check valves(redundant if needed) pipe Overlapping area MAU/HAU unit HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 18
  19. 19. Zoned deluge system• Advantages of overlapping zoned deluge solution:• quick system operation• quick cooling• anti vandalism (not visible) HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 19
  20. 20. Pop out sprinkler system • System concept: • The System will be pre-activated by detection system • All the sprinkler bulb gages will pop out automatically by the pressure • NO WATER DISCHARGE AT THIS POINT • As the heat breaks the single bulb, the sprinkler starts discharge locally • Typical hardware composition: • MARIOFF MAU or HAU (accumulator pressure units), typically composed of a 50 l pressure cilynder + (2 or 3) 50 l water cylinders • Main dry pipe along a single car or entire train, diameter 16-20 mm • HI-FOG® pop-out sprinkler headsHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 20
  21. 21. Pop out sprinkler system Solenoid POP OUTSection valve pre-activated(redundant if needed) sprinkler Distribution 12-16 mm. POP OUT pipe discharging sprinkler MAU/HAU unit HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 21
  22. 22. Pop out sprinkler system• Advantages of pop out sprinkler solution:• avoids accidental discharges• local intervention, point by point• less invasive, more visibility• allows better evacuation of the car• intelligent use of water (smaller quantitites and longer duration)• smaller piping, smaller pressure units• anti vandalism (not visible)• better suppression performance (higher pressure)• better fitting to separate enclosures ( toilettes,..) HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 22
  23. 23. HI-FOG® for Rolling Stock: a variety of solutions • Pressure accumulator units • Actuation and section valves • Specific HI-FOG® Nozzles and sprinklers • Thin stainless steel, high pressure rated tubingHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 23
  24. 24. HI-FOG® for Rolling Stock: a variety of solutions Some basic numbers The system is tailored according to the single project and technology used, but the most common solutions pass through the following numbers: • Discharge duration: between 3 and 15 minutes • Quantity of water involved:between 50 and 250 liters of water • Weight: between 300 and 1000 kilogram • Accumulator unit dimensions: around 2 x 1.6 x 0.6 metersHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 24
  25. 25. HI-FOG® for Rolling Stock: Pop-out sprinklerHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 26
  26. 26. Fire protection of Rolling Stock- references Client HI-FOG Protected Area Delivery Trenitalia / Ansaldo Breda Passenger compartments and technical areas 2011-2014 50 Zefiro High Speed trains Daegu Metro / Hitachi Passenger compartments 2011-2013 28 Monorail trains Madrid Metro Driver’s cabins and passenger compartments 2009-2010 Metro trains built by CAF 3000 Series Madrid Metro 90 trains, 4 and 6 carriages 2005-2007 Metro trains built by CAF 3000 Series Drivers cabins and passenger compartments Madrid Metro 52 trains, 3 and 6 carriages 2005-2007 Metro trains built by Ansaldobreda 9000 Series Drivers cabins and passenger compartments Madrid Metro 28 trains, 3, 4 and 6 carriages 2001-2003 Metro trains built by CAF 8000 Series Drivers cabins and passenger compartments Madrid Metro 19 trains, 3, 4 and 6 carriages 2001-2003 Metro trains built by Alstom 8000 series Drivers cabins and passenger compartments Madrid Metro 37 trains, 6 carriages 2001-2003 Metro trains built by Ansaldobreda 7000 Series Drivers cabins and passenger compartments Ski train 11 Passenger compartments 2005 Talgo Power coach engine rooms 2003 Ferrocarril Transcantábrico Power coach engine room 2003 Queensland Railways Power car diesel alternators 2000 Queensland Railways Power car diesel alternators 1999HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 27
  27. 27. Why HI-FOG® in underground stations and rolling stock? Prevents Superior fire Immediate fire from activation suppression spreading Long Minimum PROTECTS ALL life- water THE AREAS OF A cycle STATION usage Low Easy to Flexible re-fill expand installation costsHI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 28
  28. 28. Thank you for your attention!HI-FOG® - Protecting Rolling Stock 29

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