Power Generation In Pakistan


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Power Generation In Pakistan

  1. 1. Presented By: Imad Ahmad Baig Kinza Khalid Taha Hameedi POWER GENERATION IN PAKISTAN
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>World heading towards Energy Crises </li></ul><ul><li>According to IEA (International Energy Agency) oil, coal and natural gas together supply 85 per cent of the world's energy requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Energy assets are largely controlled by international firms </li></ul><ul><li>Asia has become a principal driver in world energy markets </li></ul>
  3. 3. Energy Sector in Pakistan <ul><li>Pakistan, a 61 year old independent state has still not been able to meet its demand of power and generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan is not self-sufficient in energy production </li></ul><ul><li>Country faces huge electric power crises today </li></ul><ul><li>At present electricity is generated by only three modes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THERMAL 65% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HYDEL 33% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR 2% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two companies that produces electricity in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAPDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KESC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>About 55% of the total population is estimated to have access to electricity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Supply & Demand <ul><li>The total power production capacity in the country is about 19,500 MW. </li></ul><ul><li>The country is falling short of 4500 MW </li></ul><ul><li>The demand for the supply of electricity is growing at an annual rate of almost 9 %, whereas the supply of electricity is increasing at a comparatively slower rate of around 7 %. </li></ul><ul><li>The power crisis is mainly caused by power line losses which can be as much as 25 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>According to a survey: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Household Sector 44.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industries 31.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture 14.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Sector 7.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial 5.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street Lights 0.7% </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Supply through Power Plants <ul><li>Thermal Power Stations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wapda Operates -11 stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>KESC Operates -4 stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IPP’s Operates -14 stations Independently </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hydel Power Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tarbela Dam – 1750 MW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mangla Dam- 900 MW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Power Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two nuclear reactors of 425 MW power to generate electricity. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Reasons for Crisis <ul><li>Liquidity Crunch Faced by WAPDA </li></ul><ul><li>WAPDA Reducing Supply to KESC </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in Generation Capacity of KESC </li></ul><ul><li>KALABAGH Dam </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear power plants </li></ul><ul><li>Coal reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Theft of electricity </li></ul>
  7. 8. Outcomes <ul><li>Effect on Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Social Implications </li></ul>
  8. 9. Steps of Government to Overcome the Crises <ul><li>ENERCON </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Coal Exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Liberalization and Deregulation of Power sector in Pakistan </li></ul>
  9. 10. Proposed Solutions <ul><li>Improving Existing Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Hydel Power Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of Small Dams </li></ul><ul><li>Underground Electrical Wiring </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) <ul><li>AEDB was created in May 2003 to act as the central national body on the subject of renewable energy in Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable technologies promise energy at affordable cost that can speed up the development of rural areas. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Solar Thermal Power Plants Technologies <ul><li>There are two types of Solar Thermal Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Dish Stirling Engine Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Parabolic Trough Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>AEDB is installing three Solar Thermal Power Plants of 10-35 kW using Parabolic Trough and Dish / Sterling technologies. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Biomass / Waste to Energy <ul><li>Biomass / waste to energy can be designed with capacities of 1 ton to 1500 tons per day of industrial waste , hospital waste ,hazardous waste. </li></ul><ul><li>AEDB has issued LoIs in the field of Biomass / Waste to Power. </li></ul><ul><li>AEDB is actively working for the Biogas, Landhi Cattle Colony, and Karachi Pilot Project </li></ul>
  13. 14. Wind Project <ul><li>Pakistan has potential of wind energy in the coastal belt of Sindh, Balochistan and as well as in the desert areas of Punjab and Sindh. </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that more than 5000 villages can be electrified through wind energy in Sindh, Balochistan and Northern areas. </li></ul><ul><li>AEDB has issued LoIs to ninety three (93) national and international investors, 92 for 50 MW wind power projects each and one LOI for 05 MW wind project </li></ul>
  14. 15. Current Status <ul><li>A Turkish company is close to completing the first windmill in Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Zorlu Energy Pakistan has almost completed foundation work for five wind turbines in Jhimpir. </li></ul><ul><li>Each capable of producing 1.2 megawatts of electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>Gharo Wind Power Plant is planned to be built in the persistently wind-swept corridor of Gharo, Sindh, Pakistan. This will be one of the first wind power project in Pakistan. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Pakistan has the resources to meet its growing energy requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge lies in making these options commercially, economically, and politically feasible. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Its better to be afraid of the dark now, then to be afraid for your whole life… save electricity…