Preparatory Meeting of American-Moroccan Competencies                                     Network Forum New York, June 23,...
Research Policy                                                                         ty                                ...
Research Policy   The major goals for Project 14 “Promotion of Scientific Research” were as   follows:   •To increase the ...
Research SystemPreparatory meeting of   American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum   New York June 23, 2012
Resources for               R&D                                                 GDP (2010): € 67 billion                  ...
Societal Challemges            for R&D  According to the vision 2025, the main societal challenges that should drive     M...
Priorities for R&D  Thematic S&T Priorities are as follows:  •   Agriculture in difficult conditions  •   Improved quality...
HR for R&D       There are 37246 researchers in the country (headcount, not full-time      equivalent) out of which 12166...
Other Policies    Digital Morocco (Maroc numéric): A budget of € 520 million (5.2 billion DH) was   allocated to support ...
Other Policies     The National Pact for Industrial Emergence: Launched by the Ministry of Industry,      Trade and new t...
Knowledge             Demand   To support the National Pact for Industrial Emergence (2009-2015) a profiling of    the hu...
Innovation PolicyPreparatory meeting of   American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum   New York June 23, 2012
Innovation PolicyPreparatory meeting of   American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum   New York June 23, 2012
Innovation Policy    Governance and framework:         1. Setting up a National Innovation Committee;         2. The creat...
Innovation Policy                                               Morocco Innovation Initiative                             ...
Knowledge             Production     In a study using Scopus database and published by the Moroccan Scientific      and T...
Knowledge      Production (Patents)     Patents: The Moroccan Industrial and Commercial Property Office (OMPIC)      rece...
Knowledge             Circulation                   Research to Business    Technology Dissemination Network (RDT) – Résea...
Knowledge Circulation                         “Valley of Death”                          Lac                         ski k...
Knowledge             Circulation                   Cross Border    International cooperation played an important role in...
Knowledge             Circulation                   Cross Border    ASBIMED identified about 31 bilateral programmes betw...
Knowledge             Circulation                 FINCOME - CNRST              (diaspora)    Within the broader government...
Knowledge             CirculationPreparatory meeting of   American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum   New York June 23,...
Knowledge             Circulation                 FINCOME - CNRSTPreparatory meeting of   American-Moroccan competencies N...
Knowledge             Circulation                 FINCOME - CNRST                                  More than 270 experts s...
FINCOME - CNRST                                Nature of 66 expertises in 2010       Type of expertises       Nb          ...
Thank you                                    Ilyas azzioui                                      fincome@cnrst.ma          ...
Contexte Incubation                         “Valley of Death”                         Ca                              pita...
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Introduction to the Moroccan R&D and Innovation system preparatory meeting of american moroccan competencies network forum New York, june 23, 2012

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Introduction to the Moroccan R&D and Innovation system. A presentation made during the preparatory meeting of American Moroccan competencies network forum New York, june 23, 2012

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Introduction to the Moroccan R&D and Innovation system preparatory meeting of american moroccan competencies network forum New York, june 23, 2012

  1. 1. Preparatory Meeting of American-Moroccan Competencies Network Forum New York, June 23, 2012 Introduction to the Moroccan Research and Innovation SystemIlyas AZZIOUI Date : 23 June 2012Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  2. 2. Research Policy ty niv ersi e of U l rol o mica 2009-2012 Emergency Pgm: con  c io-e Projet 14: € 72 M a so for research rds T owa 2005  Vision 2025 + 2003 2006-2010 PLAN 2000  1999 Evaluation of the  Research System COSEF Charter Law 01-00 Linking University- Role of the university in entreprise : priority the dvlpt of the countryPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  3. 3. Research Policy The major goals for Project 14 “Promotion of Scientific Research” were as follows: •To increase the percentage of accredited research structures within universities from 69% in 2008 to 92% in 2012; •To increase Moroccan scientific publications in indexed periodicals from 1991 in 2008 to 3500 in 2012; •To increase the number of PhD theses from 820 in 2009 to 2300 in 2012; •The registration of 330 patents by Moroccan universities in the period of 2009-2012.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  4. 4. Research SystemPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  5. 5. Resources for R&D GDP (2010): € 67 billion Inter Coop GERD/GDP (2010): 0,73 %(2006): 3 %  GERD/GDP (2006): 0,64 %  GERD (2010): € 560 M  Inter Coop (2010):  1.5 % Public GERD Private GERD  (2010) (2006): 12 % 68 %   Private GERD Public GERD (2006) (2010): 30 % 82 %Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  6. 6. Societal Challemges for R&D According to the vision 2025, the main societal challenges that should drive Moroccan research in the future are: • Education and training • Access to basic services (infrastructure, potable water, electricity, health, etc.) • Fight against poverty and social exclusion • Other challenges: fight against drought’s effects, environment degradation, slums and diseases (AIDS, Malaria, etc.)Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  7. 7. Priorities for R&D Thematic S&T Priorities are as follows: • Agriculture in difficult conditions • Improved quality of life • Knowledge, preservation and valorisation of natural resources • Environment and sustainable development • Biotechnology • Risk management • Innovation and competitiveness of enterprises • Cultural and socio-economic developmentPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  8. 8. HR for R&D  There are 37246 researchers in the country (headcount, not full-time equivalent) out of which 12166 are faculty members who work in universities and 17686 are PhD student (2010)  According to the advisory report published by the Hassan II Academy of science and technology in 2009: Morocco has to train about 15000 (professors-researchers or full time researchers ) for the next decade to face the research quality requirements, the increasing number of students and retirement departures Researchers represented a share of 1,89/1000 of the economically active population in the age group 25-64 in 2005 Across disciplines, 37% of the R&D personnel belong to the field of Social and Human Sciences, 32% are in Natural and exact sciences, 22% operate in Engineering Sciences and 9% in Medical Sciences  In 2006, 12643 were registered as PhD students (56% in Social and Human Sciences) but only 785 theses were defended the same year (69% in Social and Human Sciences).Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  9. 9. Other Policies  Digital Morocco (Maroc numéric): A budget of € 520 million (5.2 billion DH) was allocated to support the plan during the period 2009-2013. Launched by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and new technologies to promote the IT sector in Morocco, ( support RDI activities, a seed capital fund (Maroc numeric fund), promotion and creation of new technoparks and incubators in different regions and last but not least the creation of a Soft Centre for software development (brings together public and private actors and offers R&D services to Moroccan IT companies).  GREEN MOROCCO PLAN (2010-2020) (Plan Maroc Vert) is a national strategy based on a new, ambitious and pragmatic vision for the promotion of the agricultural sector in Morocco. Green Morocco Plan devised several measures to raise the agricultural GDP from € 7 to 10 billion (70 to 100 billion DH). Some of these measures could have a direct or indirect impact on sectoral research in this field such as the creation of new research centres, agro-poles.  The Moroccan Solar Power Plan was launched November 2, 2009 in Ouarzazate by HRH the King Mohammed VI, with an investment cost estimated at 9 billion US dollars. It is part of the Moroccan energy strategy aiming to increase electricity production and implement five Concentrated Solar Power plant of a total power output of 2000 MW by 2020.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  10. 10. Other Policies  The National Pact for Industrial Emergence: Launched by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and new technologies, it focuses on export oriented economic sectors where Morocco could obtain a sustainable advantage and a high potential for growth.  off-shoring  textiles and clothing,  automobile  aeronautics,  electronics,  agro-food,  exploitation of marine resources and industrial crafts.  More recently high-tech sectors such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and microelectronics were added. Publicauthorities provided direct support of € 50 million (500 million DH) over five years to the MASCIR foundation to develop applied research in those fields.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  11. 11. Knowledge Demand  To support the National Pact for Industrial Emergence (2009-2015) a profiling of the human resources needs of each sector for the whole period of the programme (2009-2015) has been carried out. The main results are summarised in the following table: Sectors Managers Engineers Technicians Operators Total Off shoring 1 000 3000 10500 55000 70000 Automotive 1500 7000 9000 32500 70000 Aeronautics 300 1900 3000 9800 15000 Electronics 200 1400 2700 4700 9000 textiles and 300 2000 7500 24000 32000 leather Agro-food 500 500 8500 14500 24000 Total 3800 15800 39400 141000 220000Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  12. 12. Innovation PolicyPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  13. 13. Innovation PolicyPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  14. 14. Innovation Policy Governance and framework: 1. Setting up a National Innovation Committee; 2. The creation of a dedicated structure (Moroccan innovation Centre); 3. Fostering a flexible and effective legal framework for innovation Infrastructure: 1. Technological infrastructures; 2. Technology transfer infrastructures (implementation of Innovation cities ); 3. Clusters. Funding & Support: 1. Developing a portfolio of products/schemes to support innovation; 2. Stimulation of the venture capital system; 3. Development of the intellectual property market; 4. Mobilisation of international funds for innovation. Attracting Talents: 1. Creation of the Moroccan Innovation Club; 2. Promotion of the innovation culture; 3. Positioning Morocco R&D and innovation offer.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  15. 15. Innovation Policy Morocco Innovation Initiative Achievements  Attracting Talents: Governance & Framework: Creation of CMI + Innovation bill Innovation Trophy + (incentives to innovative Moroccan Club of Innovation   startups, Recruit of PhDs) portal Funding & Support: Technological Infrastructure: Intilak (up to € 100,000) for start-   ups & Tatwir(up to € 400,000) for Creation of 4 clusters + Launching private applied R&D project of 4 Innovation CitiesPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  16. 16. Knowledge Production  In a study using Scopus database and published by the Moroccan Scientific and Technical Information Institute (IMIST) in 2010, it was found that:  the Moroccan scientific production numbered 16120 publications between 1999 (1200 publications) and 2009 (2117 publications)  Distribution across scientific disciplines is as follows: 52% in Physical Sciences, Health Sciences 24%, Life Sciences 20%, and 4% only for Social Sciences.  ESTIME project (Laville et al., 2007) investigating Thomson database found that :  The two disciplines for which the world share was the highest were mathematics (2,78‰) and chemistry (1,21‰).  The specialisation index for Morocco were, in 2004, mathematics (3.21), chemistry (1.39) and astro and geo-sciences (1.13).  The best world share of citations were in mathematics (0,91 ‰) and engineering (0,66‰).  The average impact index for Morocco was 0.28. The highest impact rates were registered in engineering (0.78) followed by chemistry (0.51), while medical research had the lowest one (0,12);Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  17. 17. Knowledge Production (Patents)  Patents: The Moroccan Industrial and Commercial Property Office (OMPIC) received 1007 applications in 2010 against 929 applications in 2009. 151 were nationals and 856 were foreigners. 11 Moroccan universities applied for 40 patents in the same year. There is no evidence with regard to the socio- economic impacts of university patents. EPO and US PTO patenting is marginal.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  18. 18. Knowledge Circulation Research to Business Technology Dissemination Network (RDT) – Réseau de Diffusion de Technologie –. It focuses at matching needs in the enterprise sphere with competencies based at universities and public research centres. The objective is to accompany client compqnies in all stages of implementation of a technology strategy. The Moroccan Institute for Scientific and Technological Information (IMIST) – Institut Marocain de l’information Scientifique et Technique– leads efforts to improve links between industry and academia by providing online access to catalogues of research results and databases of competencies available in the universities and research organisations and carrying out technology watch activities mainly in the field of Agro-food. Morocco Spin-off/Spin-out and Incubation Network (RMIE) – Réseau Maroc Incubation et Essaimage –The RMIE supports a network of mainly “university based incubators”. It focuses on providing technical as well as financial support (Pre-seed capital to enable the development of the business idea into a credible business plan) to new technology based start-ups through a pre-incubation and incubation process.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  19. 19. Knowledge Circulation “Valley of Death” Lac ski k of lls The Darwinian Sea Basic Research Lack of Money Invention •Research & •Innovation: new Innovation •Invention Viable •business & Business New BusinessPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  20. 20. Knowledge Circulation Cross Border  International cooperation played an important role in the emergence of research activities within universities . About 75 % of references recorded by SCI (1998-2002), were co-authored by Moroccans and authors from a variety of countries. 88.2% of Moroccan research labs declared to have international collaboration(s) in 2003 (622 were recorded), (66.4 % or 413) were with French, Spain (10.0 %), Belgium (4.7 %), Germany, Canada, and Italy (4 %) & USA was in 7th place (3.5 %).  According to the advisory report of Hassan II Academy of Science and Technology (2009) co-publications of Moroccan researchers in 2008 were: 63,9% with researchers from France, 13% Spain, 7,2% USA, 6,4% Italy, 5,5% Germany, 5,2% Canada.  Out of 749 cooperation conventions by Moroccan universities, 578 are with European universities, making 70% of the total. French universities have 63% of cooperation conventions with Europe and 49% of all the conventions signed. Spain and Italy respectively registered a rate of 13% and 7% at the European level. Belgium is rated fourth, with 30 conventions registering 5%.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  21. 21. Knowledge Circulation Cross Border  ASBIMED identified about 31 bilateral programmes between Morocco and EU member (France 14, Spain 6, Belgium 6, Germany 2, Portugal 2and Italy 1). In addition to agreements with EU member states Morocco has signed other agreements with non EU countries, the most active ones are with the following countries: Tunisia; Egypt;USA.  In 2011, the CNRST allocated € 290,000 to support collaboration with French institutions (CNRS, INSERM, INRIA) and € 114,000 to support collaboration with institutions from other countries CSIC & CIEMAT (Spain), CNRi (Italy), DFG (Germany), FCT (Portugal), KOSEF (South Korea), ONRT (Hungary). CSIC stopped cooperation with the CNRST for 2012 most probably because of budget constraints in Spain.Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  22. 22. Knowledge Circulation FINCOME - CNRST (diaspora) Within the broader governmental FINCOME program. An open call for proposals is launched by the CNRST and R&D Maroc with the financial support of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research to support the following actions carried out by highly skilled Disapora: 2. Transfer of expertise 3. Meetings (of strategic Nature) 4. Projects of Diaspora networks 5. Innovative entrepreneurship Its a mobility scheme that provides support for plane tickets and per diems (8 days max)Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  23. 23. Knowledge CirculationPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  24. 24. Knowledge Circulation FINCOME - CNRSTPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  25. 25. Knowledge Circulation FINCOME - CNRST More than 270 experts so farPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  26. 26. FINCOME - CNRST Nature of 66 expertises in 2010 Type of expertises Nb Thematics Nb Training 43 IT, Electronics & telecom 15 Exact Sciences 15 Research 10 Biology & Health 14 Meetings 10 Economy 8 Cooperations 03 Human & social sciences 7 partnerships 5Preparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  27. 27. Thank you Ilyas azzioui fincome@cnrst.ma azziouia@cnrst.maPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012
  28. 28. Contexte Incubation “Valley of Death” Ca pita ux The Darwinian Sea Basic Research Pas de capitaux Invention •Research & •Innovation: new Innovation •Invention Viable •business & Business New BusinessPreparatory meeting of American-Moroccan competencies Network Forum New York June 23, 2012

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