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  1. 1. Dinnerware Functions Food-related Non-food related Types: Materials Shapes Sizes Selection Care and Maintenance
  2. 2. Dinnerware: <ul><li>Sometimes used to refer to a wider or more general term closely related to tableware. </li></ul><ul><li>In this report, however, it is a kind of tableware referring generally to plates and saucers. </li></ul><ul><li>… which </li></ul><ul><li>are mostly used in the table setting. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Functions <ul><li>To serve food </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>To serve things that go with food </li></ul><ul><li>(condiments, etc) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>To place things that go with things that serve food. </li></ul><ul><li>(cups, bowls, etc) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Food Storage </li></ul>
  7. 7. Non-food <ul><li>For decoration </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>For religious or ceremonial purposes </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Collector Plates </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Odd and Statement plates </li></ul>
  11. 18. Type: Materials <ul><li>Fine China: Fine China is the most expensive and the highest quality dinnerware, and is basically another name for porcelain. It is very durable, contrary to what most people think, and is made of a non-absorbent ceramic that has been fired at the highest kiln temperatures. Fine china can come with patterns that have metallic designs to them, such as a platinum or gold ribbon running around the perimeter of the plate, that give them a bit of elegance. Fine china is often showcased in homes when not in use because of its beauty and sophistication. </li></ul>
  12. 19. <ul><li>Fine china </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Earthenware: This is the oldest form of dinnerware and is fired at the lowest kiln temperatures. It does contain impurities and is absorbent and fragile because of the low kiln temperatures. It can be glazed or unglazed, and has a very natural look to it. </li></ul>
  14. 23. <ul><li>Stoneware: Stoneware is more-chip resistant than earthenware because it is fired at higher temperatures. To increase the durability and strength of stoneware, quartz, feldspar and flint are added to the clay. The appearance of stoneware is very casual and is a popular choice for “everyday” dinnerware. Stoneware is microwave and dishwasher safe for convenience. </li></ul>
  15. 26. <ul><li>Pottery: Pottery is even more durable than stoneware, but should be soaked in warm water before using to make the pieces more chip-resistant. Pottery dinnerware can be used in the microwave and dishwasher as well. </li></ul>
  16. 29. <ul><li>Bone China: </li></ul><ul><li>Bone china is the most durable of casual dinnerware. Bone ash is added to the mixing process to lend strength to the dinnerware. The ash also creates a whiter, more translucent ceramic that makes bone china an excellent and upscale choice for everyday dinnerware. Bone china does perform well in a microwave or dishwasher as long as there is no metallic detailing to it. </li></ul>
  17. 31. <ul><li>Glassware: Glass is easy to clean and can be used in areas of high temperatures, but is more fragile than the others. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Lead Glass </li></ul><ul><li>b. Milk Glass </li></ul><ul><li>c. Borosilicate </li></ul><ul><li>d. Pyroceram </li></ul>
  18. 33. <ul><li>Plastic: </li></ul><ul><li>Thermoplastic: soft plastic softened with heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Thermoseting: Melamine plastic, of a harder type not easily affected by ordinary heat. </li></ul>
  19. 36. <ul><li>Woodware : Made from either camagong, monkey pod or tanguile and finished with a dull varnish. It is not very practical for constant use, and non-absorbent woodware is usually expensive. </li></ul>
  20. 38. <ul><li>Paperware: Comes in various thicknesses, sizes, shapes and designs. Needs to be coated with wax to prevent absorbency. </li></ul>
  21. 40. <ul><li>Metalware: </li></ul><ul><li>Enamelware: made of base metal coated with a liquid plus finely ground glass fused with the metal. </li></ul><ul><li>Brassware: tabak , made of an alloy of copper and zinc. Common in the Mindanao regions, where brass is abundant. </li></ul>
  22. 42. <ul><li>Styrofoam: Similar to paperware but slightly less expensive. </li></ul>
  23. 43. <ul><li>Other improvised material: </li></ul>
  24. 47. Sizes <ul><li>Dinner plate: 10’’ used for the main dish. Also for the entrée in formal dinners. </li></ul><ul><li>Wide brim </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow rim with embossed edge </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow rim with plain edge </li></ul><ul><li>Wide rim with scalloped edge </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow rim with square body </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow rim with scalloped edge </li></ul><ul><li>Plain couple shape </li></ul><ul><li>Rimless scalloped edge </li></ul>
  25. 48. <ul><li>Place plate: 12’’ used as an underlining in dinners. </li></ul><ul><li>Luncheon plate: 9’’ multipurpose plate for daily dining </li></ul><ul><li>Soup plate: 9’’ soup plate for formal sitdown dinners </li></ul><ul><li>Bread and butter plate: 6’’ for cereals, desserts, salads or rice. </li></ul><ul><li>Salad plate: 7’’ used for salads, desserts or underliners for stemwares. </li></ul><ul><li>Saucer: used for underliner, with an inner groove which fits the bottom of the cup. </li></ul><ul><li>Demitasse saucer: smaller than usual saucers </li></ul>
  26. 51. Shapes <ul><li>Most plates and saucers are circular shaped. </li></ul><ul><li>However, some have other shapes, some regular and others irregular. </li></ul>
  27. 54. Selection <ul><li>Shape of each piece </li></ul><ul><li>Versatility of use in the table </li></ul><ul><li>Type of material used </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility of design </li></ul><ul><li>Workmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Cost and durability </li></ul>
  28. 55. Care and Maintenance <ul><li>China should be rinsed immediately after use. </li></ul><ul><li>Use rubber or soft cloth to scrape </li></ul><ul><li>Soft sponge for washing </li></ul><ul><li>Use hot water if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Dry properly </li></ul><ul><li>Do not throw, fling or break plates </li></ul>
  29. 56. <ul><li>Decide on what type of dinnerware you wish to purchase. Bone or porcelain china is best for more formal occasions while stoneware stands up to daily use. </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Wash antique china. Antique china could be fragile due to age and use of the dinnerware. </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Wash Method: Scrape plates and wash in warm, sudsy water dishwater. Rinse well. Let dry. </li></ul><ul><li>Place a clean dish towel, or sink mat, at the bottom of the sink to help pad it. This helps prevent breakage of both fine dinnerware and crystal. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash glassware, dinnerware, flatware and finally pans in that order when washing dishes by hand. </li></ul>
  30. 57. <ul><li>Modern china, stoneware and earthenware can be washed in the dishwasher. </li></ul><ul><li>Dishwasher Method: Load the dishwasher so the dinnerware is not subject to rubbing of dishes during the wash cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep flatware and any other metallic objects away from the dinnerware. Rubbing between the metal and dinnerware can cause gray marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Gray marks can be removed by scrubbing with a mild cleanser. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash dinnerware on the shortest cycle. These cycles are usually called light wash or china. </li></ul><ul><li>Store plates with paper towels, cloth or dish protectors between each plate. </li></ul><ul><li>Hang tea cups on hooks, if possible. Stack tea cups, with a protector between cups, in stacks of two. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from using lemon scented dishwasher detergent as this type of detergent may damage dinnerware. </li></ul>
  31. 58. Storage <ul><li>Dinnerware should not be stacked too high. </li></ul><ul><li>Stack similar sizes together. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent scratching by placing fabric between plates </li></ul><ul><li>Segregate flatware from the dinnerware to avoid rubbing. </li></ul><ul><li>Know which material is best for food storage. </li></ul>
  32. 59. References: <ul><li>Leocardio, Corazon, Essentials in Meal Management, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.alibaba.com /product </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alwaysbrilliant.com/aa/DT-01192009/aspx-products/PID-236/PD-52130/bb/Melamine+Dish+Set.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.overstock.com/Home-Garden/Cedar-Wood-16-Piece-Dinnerware-Set/3163986/product.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.surlatable.com/product/id/125428.do# </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mypapershop.com/019586.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://pfaltzgraff.com/Dinnerware-Set%2c-20-pc./37013500,default,pd.html?cgid=dinnerware </li></ul><ul><li>http://beginnersguide.com/kitchen/dinnerware/types-of-dinnerware.php </li></ul><ul><li>http:// EzineArticles.com /?expert= David_Urmann </li></ul><ul><li>< http:// www.wikihow.com /Purchase-and-Care-for-Dinnerware > </li></ul>