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Air transportation


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Air transportation

  1. 2. Commonly Used Terms in Air Travel <ul><li>Commercial Fight- a flight whose seats have been sold by an airline to the general public. Commercial fights are not military or private flights. </li></ul><ul><li>Red-eye flight- an overnight flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Attendants- Airline personnel who see to the safety, comfort, and needs of passengers on a plane. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Airline Terminologies <ul><li>Aviation – industry that builds and flies aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>-M ilitary Aviation -aircraft flown by a nation’s air force and other branches of its military </li></ul><ul><li>- Civil Aviation -flies the public from place to place </li></ul>
  3. 4. Civil Aviation <ul><li>Domestic Service </li></ul><ul><li>International Service </li></ul><ul><li>Flight must start and end within the borders of the same country. </li></ul><ul><li>Flight starts in one country and ends in another </li></ul>
  4. 5. Flight Types and Route <ul><li>Non-stop flight -a traveler goes from Point A to Point B on the same aircraft, with no stop in between. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-stop </li></ul><ul><li>LAX MNL </li></ul>
  5. 6. Flight Types and Route <ul><li>Direct flight -a traveler goes from Point A to Point B on the same aircraft but that aircraft stops at an airport in between; with one flight number </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><li>MNL HKK LAX </li></ul><ul><li>(No Change of Planes) </li></ul>
  6. 7. Flight Types and Route <ul><li>Connecting flight -the traveler , to get to her/his destination, must change planes, once, twice or even more times. Each flight will have a different flight number. </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>SIN LON LAX </li></ul><ul><li>(Change of Plane) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Flight Types <ul><li>Non-stop </li></ul><ul><li>LAX MNL </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><li>MNL HKK LAX </li></ul><ul><li>(No Change of Planes) </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>SIN LON LAX </li></ul><ul><li>(Change of Plane) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Flight Types and Route <ul><li>One-way flight itinerary -the Point traveler just goes from Point A to Point B. </li></ul><ul><li>Open-jaw flight Itinerary -traveler flies from Point A to Point B, then travels by ground transportation (e.g., car rental or rail) from B to C, then returns by air from C to A. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Flight Types and Route <ul><li>A Round Trip Flight Itinerary -most common. The traveler flies from Point A to Point B, stays a while, and then returns from B to A. </li></ul><ul><li>A Circle Flight Itinerary -the traveler has two or more extended stopovers and returns to the originating city. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Aircraft-Broad Categories <ul><li>Jet Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Propellers or Props </li></ul>
  11. 12. Jet Engines <ul><li>Fly faster (520-560 mph or so) </li></ul><ul><li>Can go longer distances </li></ul><ul><li>Larger </li></ul>
  12. 13. Propellers <ul><li>Smaller </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively slowly (about 300 mph) </li></ul><ul><li>Travel short distances </li></ul>
  13. 14. Jet Prop <ul><li>Combines features of both prop and jet engines </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to be larger and a little faster than regular prop aircraft </li></ul>
  14. 15. Classes of Service <ul><li>First Class </li></ul><ul><li>Business Class </li></ul><ul><li>Economy Class </li></ul>
  15. 16. Classes of Service <ul><li>First Class </li></ul><ul><li>Located in the compartment at the front of the plane. </li></ul><ul><li>Wider seats </li></ul><ul><li>Greater pitch – more than 50 inches </li></ul><ul><li>More recline – 60 percent or more </li></ul><ul><li>More elaborate meals </li></ul><ul><li>Complimentary alcoholic beverages </li></ul><ul><li>Free movies </li></ul>
  16. 17. Classes of Service <ul><li>First Class </li></ul><ul><li>The seats may even fully convert to beds (sleeper seat) </li></ul><ul><li>Traveler may even be provided with free pajamas </li></ul>
  17. 18. Classes of Service <ul><li>Economy Class </li></ul><ul><li>More standard level of service </li></ul><ul><li>Narrower seats </li></ul><ul><li>Less pitch and recline </li></ul><ul><li>Simple meals or snacks (sometimes with no menu choice) </li></ul><ul><li>Or even no food service at al </li></ul>
  18. 19. Classes of Service <ul><li>Economy Class </li></ul><ul><li>Separating the coach- and the first-class compartments is a wall called the bulkhead row. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Classes of Service <ul><li>Business Class </li></ul><ul><li>Represents a class of service that’s almost as good as that found in the first class. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch is 35 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Recline is 40-60 percent </li></ul>
  20. 21. How are seats assigned? <ul><li>- passenger can reserve a specific seat in advance either by phone with a travel agent or an airline reservationist or on the internet </li></ul>- Upon check in at the airport: at the check-in counter or at a self-service kiosk or at the gate
  21. 22. How are seats assigned? <ul><li>Exit Rows - where the emergency exits are located </li></ul><ul><li>Usually assigned at airport check-in </li></ul><ul><li>For able-bodied passengers to help open the exterior door in an emergency </li></ul>
  22. 23. Philippine Setting <ul><li>Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) formerly the Air Transportation Office (ATO) </li></ul><ul><li>On March 4, 2008, Republic Act No. 9497 </li></ul>
  23. 25. CAAP Functions <ul><li>Establish and prescribe rules and regulations for the inspection and registration of all aircraft owned and operated in the Philippines and all air facilities; </li></ul><ul><li>Establish and prescribe the corresponding rules and regulations for the enforcement of laws governing air transportation; </li></ul><ul><li>Determine, fix and/or prescribe charges and/or rates pertinent to the operation of public air utility facilities and services; </li></ul>
  24. 26. Group Activity: Flying the Net <ul><li>Here’s you chance to compare three Web sites that consumers regularly use to book flights. Visit the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Expedia ( http:// ) </li></ul><ul><li>Travelocity ( http:// ) </li></ul><ul><li>Orbitz ( http:// ) </li></ul>
  25. 27. Format: <ul><li>Typewritten </li></ul><ul><li>Short bond paper </li></ul><ul><li>Bookman old style - 12 </li></ul><ul><li>No folder (stapled only) </li></ul><ul><li>First page: Names of the Members </li></ul><ul><li>Date of Submission: </li></ul>
  26. 28. Expedia <ul><li>What do you feel is its greatest strength? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What do you think is its greatest weakness? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What do you feel is its most unique feature? </li></ul>