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Oscar Retrospective Part 1


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A basic history of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, and the Academy Awards.

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
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Oscar Retrospective Part 1

  1. 1. Oscar Films Through The Years: A Retrospective Part 1: The Early Years
  2. 2. Louis B. Mayer <ul><li>His goal was to organize the film industry </li></ul><ul><li>Founded the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Five original branches of the Academy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technicians </li></ul></ul>The five branches are represented by five spokes on Oscar’s film reel
  3. 3. Who’s Oscar? <ul><li>Name: Academy Award of Merit </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 13 ½ inches </li></ul><ul><li>Weight: 8 ½ pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Design: A knight holding a Crusader’s sword, standing on film reel with five spokes </li></ul><ul><li>Material: Gold plated metal alloy </li></ul><ul><li>But WHY is it </li></ul><ul><li>called Oscar ?? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Oscar by any other name <ul><li>1927/28 – 1928/29: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Outstanding Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Artistic Quality of Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outstanding Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1929/30 – 1940: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outstanding Production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1941-1943: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outstanding Motion Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1944 – 1961: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Motion Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1962 – current: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Picture </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 1929 – The First Awards <ul><li>First Ceremony was a private banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel </li></ul>Douglas Fairbanks Giving Janet Gaynor First Best Actress Oscar … for her work in Seventh Heaven , as well as Street Angel, and Sunrise <ul><li>Winners at first Awards were announced months in advance </li></ul><ul><li>Sealed envelopes weren’t used until 1941 after LA Times leaked the winners </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1934 <ul><li>It Happened One Night </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Barretts of Wimpole Street </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleopatra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flirtation Walk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Gay Divorcee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Here Comes the Navy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The House of Rothchild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imitation of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Night of Love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Thin Man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viva Villa! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The White Parade </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>First film to win the Big Four Oscars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Director </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Actor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Actress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also won Best Screenplay </li></ul><ul><li>Many other actors turned down roles, not liking the script </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Montgomery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myrna Loy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constance Bennett </li></ul></ul>