Understanding Self-Advocacy Through Debate History 10
Affirmative Action Lesson Outline <ul><li>* Essential Question: Why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for...
Vocabulary Notes <ul><li>Self Advocacy -  Teaching people how to advocate for themselves and to learn how to speak out for...
Affirmative Action PPT Notes Affirmative Action  - A policy or a program that seeks to remedy discrimination through activ...
Affirmative Action in the Workplace <ul><li>To create a more diverse work environment, correct decades of discrimination, ...
Affirmative Action in Colleges and Universities <ul><li>A minority may receive preferred treatment to be accepted at a Uni...
Arguments <ul><li>Pro – affirmative action is required for diversity to occur in college and the workplace. </li></ul><ul>...
Arguments <ul><li>Con – people should get jobs or get into colleges based on their hard work and accomplishments, not beca...
Scaffolded Supports <ul><li>Mr. Allegro Name: </li></ul><ul><li>American History 11 Date: </li></ul><ul><li>Debate </li></...
Persuasive Debate Argument Graphic Organizer <ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></...
Debate Questions <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>1. Group 1, is affirmative action fair? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Group 2,...
Wrap Up <ul><li>Mr. Allegro Name: </li></ul><ul><li>American History 11 Date: </li></ul><ul><li>Post Lesson  </li></ul><ul...
Making Connections Class will discuss the following questions facilitated by teacher <ul><li>How did the debate relate to ...
Homework <ul><li>Write to a classmate of your choice addressing the essential question of “why are self-advocacy skills es...
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Self Advocacy In The Classroom

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Self Advocacy In The Classroom

  1. 1. Understanding Self-Advocacy Through Debate History 10
  2. 2. Affirmative Action Lesson Outline <ul><li>* Essential Question: Why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for social justice? </li></ul><ul><li>through the examination of </li></ul><ul><li>*Lesson Essential Question: Is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher presents self-advocacy as a definition and skill and explains its importance </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher explains why affirmative action is used and why it is controversial through PPT. </li></ul><ul><li>* Teacher will explain that since the class is getting ready for college and/or transition in the near future, AA is an issue that may affect them. </li></ul><ul><li>- Scaffold examples with PowerPoint together. </li></ul><ul><li>- View section of Clinton v. Obama Ohio debate http://youtube.com/watch?v=QgSj5Wt1Ap4 as a model for a debate </li></ul><ul><li>- Split students into two groups: pro/con affirmative action. </li></ul><ul><li>- Have students use provided sources to fill out debate sheet to prepare for debate. </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher will provide questions for the informal debate and serve as facilitator. </li></ul><ul><li>- Each group will present their opening statement “I believe that affirmative action is/is not an effective policy for civil rights.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher will then provide questions for a formal debate. Group one will answer it and group 2 has a chance to rebut the statement. Group 2 will then answer the same question and group one will have a chance to rebut. For every answer and rebuttal, a group will earn a point. </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher will tally points, check for understanding, and use this criteria for debate assessment </li></ul><ul><li>- Presenters will come to a conclusion as to which side they would really take outside of the debate. </li></ul><ul><li>- Questioner will give verdict and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>- Teacher explains why self advocacy is important in everyday life, planning for the future, and civic roles </li></ul><ul><li>- Explicitly connect self-advocacy to the lesson through questioning and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>- Students will be given a formal assessment for homework in which they will write to a classmate of their choice addressing the essential question of “why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for social justice.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary Notes <ul><li>Self Advocacy - Teaching people how to advocate for themselves and to learn how to speak out for what they believe in. It teaches us how to make decisions and choices that affect our lives so that we can become more independent. It also teaches us about our rights, but along with learning our rights, we learn our responsibilities. This includes realization of strengths and weaknesses, the ability to formulate personal goals, being assertive, and making decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Self Advocacy in Civil Rights - A civil rights movement of individuals and organizations to empower people to speak for themselves, make their own decisions, and stand up for their rights, both individually and collectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Persuade - to move by argument, entreaty, or expostulation to a belief, position, or course of action </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative Action - A policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination through active measures to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Quota - a fixed number or percentage of minority group members or women needed to meet the requirements of affirmative action. </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination – to make a difference in treatment or favor on a basis other than individual merit. </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice - an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse discrimination - discrimination against the majority. Ex. whites or males (as in employment or education). </li></ul><ul><li>Pro – for </li></ul><ul><li>Con – against </li></ul>
  4. 4. Affirmative Action PPT Notes Affirmative Action - A policy or a program that seeks to remedy discrimination through active measures to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment.
  5. 5. Affirmative Action in the Workplace <ul><li>To create a more diverse work environment, correct decades of discrimination, and give minorities job opportunities, businesses may give preferred treatment to minorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. A less qualified Hispanic woman may get a job over a more qualified white man. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Affirmative Action in Colleges and Universities <ul><li>A minority may receive preferred treatment to be accepted at a University to create a more diverse learning environment, correct decades of discrimination, and give minorities opportunities they might not have due to disadvantages. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. A college gives an African-American male twice as many points for scoring high on his SAT’s than a white male student for his application. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arguments <ul><li>Pro – affirmative action is required for diversity to occur in college and the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro – affirmative action is required to compensate minorities for the years of oppression they have suffered. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro – affirmative action is required because a lot of minorities start out with the disadvantages of coming from lower income families, going to poorly funded schools, and being discriminated against </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arguments <ul><li>Con – people should get jobs or get into colleges based on their hard work and accomplishments, not because of their race. </li></ul><ul><li>Con – affirmative action creates reverse discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Con – affirmative action makes businesses and colleges worse off because they are not hiring the most qualified applicants. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Scaffolded Supports <ul><li>Mr. Allegro Name: </li></ul><ul><li>American History 11 Date: </li></ul><ul><li>Debate </li></ul><ul><li>*Unit Essential Question: Why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for social justice? </li></ul><ul><li>through the examination of </li></ul><ul><li>*Lesson Essential Question: Is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? </li></ul><ul><li>Directions : Answer the following questions to prepare for the debate on affirmative action. Use the information gathered from the sources given to back up your claims. </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: Affirmative Action </li></ul><ul><li>Team Members: </li></ul><ul><li>Pro or Con: </li></ul><ul><li>Opening Statement </li></ul><ul><li>1. Should affirmative action be used in universities and employment? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Does affirmative action give preferential treatment or unfair advantages to minorities? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Is affirmative action needed to today’s society? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Persuasive Debate Argument Graphic Organizer <ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>POSITION ARGUMENT 1 </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ evidence _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________ ARGUMENT 2 </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ evidence _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________ ARGUMENT 3 </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ evidence _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________ _________________________ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Debate Questions <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>1. Group 1, is affirmative action fair? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Group 2, in the workplace, is it unfair to judge applicants on anything other than their merits? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Group 1, is affirmative action necessary women, people of color, and every economic class to have the opportunity to enter all fields? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Group 2, does affirmative action lead to true diversity? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Group 1, critics often say that affirmative action makes it easier for members of some groups to get into college and harder for others. Is this true? </li></ul><ul><li>6. I’d like to address you both with this question. In your words, is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? </li></ul><ul><li>7. Group 2, does affirmative action help disadvantaged groups? </li></ul><ul><li>8. Group 1, why is self-advocacy important? </li></ul><ul><li>9. Group 2, Why is self-advocacy important? </li></ul><ul><li>10. Both groups, has there been a time(s) where better self-advocacy skills could have helped you? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Wrap Up <ul><li>Mr. Allegro Name: </li></ul><ul><li>American History 11 Date: </li></ul><ul><li>Post Lesson </li></ul><ul><li>*Unit Essential Question: Why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for social justice? </li></ul><ul><li>through the examination of </li></ul><ul><li>*Lesson Essential Question: Is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? </li></ul><ul><li>Directions : Now that we have examined both the pros and cons of affirmative action, it is time for you express your opinion! Based on what you have learned through the debate preparation, debate, and discussions, express your ideas and opinions through the following questions. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Do you think affirmative action should be used in universities and employment? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Does affirmative action give preferential treatment or unfair advantages to minorities? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Is affirmative action needed to today’s society? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Is affirmative action an effective policy for civil rights? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>5. List any questions about Affirmative Action that you are curious or unsure about. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Why is self-advocacy important? </li></ul><ul><li>7. How can better self-advocacy skills help you achieve your goals and help change society? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Making Connections Class will discuss the following questions facilitated by teacher <ul><li>How did the debate relate to self-advocacy? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you be an agent of change in your life as a student and citizen? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we develop better self-advocacy skills? </li></ul><ul><li>Any other questions or comments? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Homework <ul><li>Write to a classmate of your choice addressing the essential question of “why are self-advocacy skills essential in the struggle for social justice.” Remember to use facts to try to persuade the representative to see your views. Responses will be shared the following day. </li></ul>

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