present
We Love Verbs!
What is a verb?
A verb is a part of speech that expresses action, existence, or occurrence.
What is an infinitive?
An infinitive is the basic verb form. In English we call it a verbal. It does not tell  who  is performing the action in a...
How can you Identify an infinitive?
<ul><li>In  English   it is a verb form   which begins   with the word &quot; to &quot; </li></ul>Example:   to speak   to...
<ul><li>In  Spanish :   It is a verb form   which ends with the letters   &quot; -ar &quot;, &quot; -er &quot;, or &quot;-...
<ul><li>Some Spanish words which are  not  verb </li></ul><ul><li>forms also end in these letters, </li></ul><ul><li>but t...
What are the parts of a Spanish infinitive?
<ul><li>1.  The  Stem </li></ul><ul><li>2.  The  Ending </li></ul><ul><li>Example:  Hablar, which means &quot;to speak or ...
What kinds of Spanish verbs are there?
<ul><li>Regular  verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular  verbs (You will hate these!) </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling-change verbs  ...
What are regular verbs?
Regular verbs  follow a  regular pattern of verb conjugation
What is Verb Conjugation?
<ul><li>Verb conjugation  is the process </li></ul><ul><li>where the infinitive is  changed </li></ul><ul><li>in order to ...
<ul><li>1.  When  the action is taking place, etc. (this is called  verb tense ). </li></ul>Example: I speak I spoke I wil...
<ul><li>2.  Who  is  performing  the action, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>(this is called  person ). </li></ul>Example: I speak ...
How are regular verbs conjugated?
This is the basis for everything else you will ever do in Spanish class. Follow these steps… Hey, pay attention to this pa...
<ul><li>1. Drop the  ending  from the  infinitive. </li></ul>Example: Hablar:  drop the  ar , leaving only the  stem  habl...
<ul><li>2. Add a  new ending  to the  stem. </li></ul>Example: habl  +  o  =  hablo   (I speak) com  +  o  =  como   (I ea...
What are the new endings to be added to the stem?
<ul><li>Remember? </li></ul><ul><li>That depends upon the verb tense </li></ul><ul><li>and the subject of the sentence! </...
What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ar?
<ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –ar endings are… </li></ul>-o, -as, -a, -amos, -a ís...
The Present Indicative tense Ellos or Ellas habl an   They speak Ustedes habl an You (all) speak Él habl a   He speaks Ell...
What are the new endings for verbs ending in –er?
<ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –er endings are… </li></ul>-o, -es, -e, -emos, -e ís...
The Present Indicative tense regular –er verbs Ellos or Ellas  com en   They  eat Ustedes  com en You (all)  eat Él  com e...
What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ir?
<ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –ir endings are… </li></ul>-o, -es, -e, -imos, - ís,...
The Present Indicative tense regular –ir verbs Ellos or Ellas  viv en   They  live Ustedes  viv en You (all)  live Él  viv...
How does one know which ending to use?
1 .  The  verb tense (when the action is happening) 2 . the  subject  or  person (who is performing the action). That’s si...
Remember, always look for the subject! If the subject is I, use –o. If the subject is we, use –amos, etc.
How many &quot;verb tenses&quot; are there in Spanish?
<ul><li>There are </li></ul><ul><li>14 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish verb tenses   </li></ul>
<ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>simple  tenses  </li></ul>Example: present indicative tense hablo this has only 1 verb
<ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>compound  tenses  </li></ul>Example: present perfect tense he hablado  I have spoken this has ...
<ul><li>In Spanish 1 </li></ul><ul><li>the Present Indicative tense is used almost exclusively. </li></ul><ul><li>In Spani...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that each student master the Present Indicative tense as well as possible....
 
<ul><li>That was really dumb! </li></ul>¡Adiós!
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I love toconjugateverbssimpsons

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I love toconjugateverbssimpsons

  1. 1. present
  2. 2. We Love Verbs!
  3. 3. What is a verb?
  4. 4. A verb is a part of speech that expresses action, existence, or occurrence.
  5. 5. What is an infinitive?
  6. 6. An infinitive is the basic verb form. In English we call it a verbal. It does not tell who is performing the action in a sentence or when the action is taking place.
  7. 7. How can you Identify an infinitive?
  8. 8. <ul><li>In English it is a verb form which begins with the word &quot; to &quot; </li></ul>Example: to speak to eat to live.
  9. 9. <ul><li>In Spanish : It is a verb form which ends with the letters &quot; -ar &quot;, &quot; -er &quot;, or &quot;- ir &quot;. </li></ul>Example: hablar comer vivir
  10. 10. <ul><li>Some Spanish words which are not verb </li></ul><ul><li>forms also end in these letters, </li></ul><ul><li>but they are not infinitives </li></ul><ul><li>since they aren't verbs! </li></ul>Example: az úcar - sugar mujer - woman ?
  11. 11. What are the parts of a Spanish infinitive?
  12. 12. <ul><li>1. The Stem </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Ending </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Hablar, which means &quot;to speak or to talk&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>HABL ar (habl is the stem) </li></ul><ul><li>Habl AR (ar is the ending) </li></ul>
  13. 13. What kinds of Spanish verbs are there?
  14. 14. <ul><li>Regular verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular verbs (You will hate these!) </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling-change verbs (the endings are regular) </li></ul><ul><li>Stem-changing verbs (also called &quot;shoe verbs&quot; – the endings are regular) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive verbs (most any verb can be reflexive) </li></ul>
  15. 15. What are regular verbs?
  16. 16. Regular verbs follow a regular pattern of verb conjugation
  17. 17. What is Verb Conjugation?
  18. 18. <ul><li>Verb conjugation is the process </li></ul><ul><li>where the infinitive is changed </li></ul><ul><li>in order to identify… </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>1. When the action is taking place, etc. (this is called verb tense ). </li></ul>Example: I speak I spoke I will speak, etc.
  20. 20. <ul><li>2. Who is performing the action, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>(this is called person ). </li></ul>Example: I speak he speaks We speak, etc.
  21. 21. How are regular verbs conjugated?
  22. 22. This is the basis for everything else you will ever do in Spanish class. Follow these steps… Hey, pay attention to this part!
  23. 23. <ul><li>1. Drop the ending from the infinitive. </li></ul>Example: Hablar: drop the ar , leaving only the stem habl- Comer: drop the er , leaving only the stem com- Vivir: drop the ir , leaving only the stem viv-
  24. 24. <ul><li>2. Add a new ending to the stem. </li></ul>Example: habl + o = hablo (I speak) com + o = como (I eat) viv + o = vivo ( I live)
  25. 25. What are the new endings to be added to the stem?
  26. 26. <ul><li>Remember? </li></ul><ul><li>That depends upon the verb tense </li></ul><ul><li>and the subject of the sentence! </li></ul>
  27. 27. What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ar?
  28. 28. <ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –ar endings are… </li></ul>-o, -as, -a, -amos, -a ís, -an
  29. 29. The Present Indicative tense Ellos or Ellas habl an They speak Ustedes habl an You (all) speak Él habl a He speaks Ella habl a She speaks Usted habl a You speak Vosotros habl áis You (all) speak Tú habl as You speak Nosotros habl amos We speak Yo habl o = I speak
  30. 30. What are the new endings for verbs ending in –er?
  31. 31. <ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –er endings are… </li></ul>-o, -es, -e, -emos, -e ís, -en
  32. 32. The Present Indicative tense regular –er verbs Ellos or Ellas com en They eat Ustedes com en You (all) eat Él com e He eat s Ella com e She eat s Usted com e You eat Vosotros com éis You (all) eat Tú com es You eat Nosotros com emos We eat Yo com o = I eat
  33. 33. What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ir?
  34. 34. <ul><li>In the present indicative tense </li></ul><ul><li>the regular –ir endings are… </li></ul>-o, -es, -e, -imos, - ís, -en
  35. 35. The Present Indicative tense regular –ir verbs Ellos or Ellas viv en They live Ustedes viv en You (all) live Él viv e He lives Ella viv e She lives Usted viv e You live Vosotros viv ís You (all) live Tú viv es You live Nosotros viv imos We live Yo viv o = I live
  36. 36. How does one know which ending to use?
  37. 37. 1 . The verb tense (when the action is happening) 2 . the subject or person (who is performing the action). That’s simple! It depends upon 2 things!
  38. 38. Remember, always look for the subject! If the subject is I, use –o. If the subject is we, use –amos, etc.
  39. 39. How many &quot;verb tenses&quot; are there in Spanish?
  40. 40. <ul><li>There are </li></ul><ul><li>14 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish verb tenses </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>simple tenses </li></ul>Example: present indicative tense hablo this has only 1 verb
  42. 42. <ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>compound tenses </li></ul>Example: present perfect tense he hablado I have spoken this has a verb and a helping verb
  43. 43. <ul><li>In Spanish 1 </li></ul><ul><li>the Present Indicative tense is used almost exclusively. </li></ul><ul><li>In Spanish 2, 3, and 4 </li></ul><ul><li>additional tenses are added! </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that each student master the Present Indicative tense as well as possible. </li></ul>The concepts and principles that you learn will make the other tenses much easy.
  45. 46. <ul><li>That was really dumb! </li></ul>¡Adiós!

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