Fishing for pearls mphil2013

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  • {"32":"What is data?\nWhat’s the issue? \n= fragile – data format, elusive (particularly just when you need it!)\n= part of research methodology & part of legacy – people might want to build on your work\n= how much of what you produce will you want/need to keep\nWhere will you record/store it?\n= multiple copies, multiple places (confidential data permitting)\n= Key things to consider here are:\nthe names you give files and folders \nuse of tags, or information in file properties\nwhether you need to conform to any conventions in your field\nHow will you share it?\n= why should you?\nReputation\nFunding\nImpact\nRe-use\n= where? Dspace? \nUse repositories and data centres\nChoose open or controlled access\nConsider embargoes and redactions if necessary\n<number>\n"}
  • Fishing for pearls mphil2013

    1. 1. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Diving for pearls….. How to get the most from your literature search & the Medical Library Isla Kuhn Deputy Medical Librarian
    2. 2. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
    3. 3. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • how to clarify the question(s) on which you need to find literature • selecting the databases and other resources you will need to search • devising the most comprehensive literature search strategy so you know you’ve not missed any relevant studies • keeping up to date with new information appearing between the initial search and write-up • issues around management of process and results • management of references (using software such as RefMan), and getting hold of the full text article
    4. 4. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY #1 Accidents/ #2 exp Accidents, Traffic/ #3 exp Accident Prevention/ #4 exp Motorcycles/ #5 motor-cycl* or motorcycl* or motor-bik* or motorbik* or scooter* or moped* or moto or motocycl* or motocicl* #6 trauma* or injur* or fatal* or accident* or crash* or prevent* or collide* or collision* #7 #1 or #2 or #3 or #4 or #5 or #6 #8 head near protect* #9 head near shield* #10 helmet* #11 exp Head Protective Devices/ #12 #8 or #9 or #10 or #11 #13 #7 and #12
    5. 5. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD
    6. 6. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY 1 clinical trial.pt. 2 randomized.ab,ti. 3 placebo.ab,ti. 4 dt.fs. 5 randomly.ab,ti. 6 trial.ab,ti. 7 groups.ab,ti. 8 or/1-7 9 Animals/ 10 Humans/ 11 9 not (9 and 10) 12 8 not 11 13 dorsalgia.ab,ti. 14 exp Back Pain/ 15 exp Low Back Pain/ 16 backache.ab,ti. 17 (lumbar adj pain).ab,ti. 18 coccyx.ab,ti. 19 coccydynia.ab,ti. 20 exp Sciatica/ 21 sciatica.ab,ti. 22 spondylosis.ab,ti. 23 lumbago.ab,ti. 24 or/13-23 25 exp Spine/ 26 discitis.ab,ti. 27 exp Spinal Diseases/ 28 (disc adj degeneration).ab,ti. 29 (disc adj prolapse).ab,ti. 30 (disc adj herniation).ab,ti. 31 spinal fusion.sh. 32 spinal neoplasms.sh. 33 (facet adj joints).ab,ti. 34 intervertebral disk.sh. 35 postlaminectomy.ab,ti. 36 arachnoiditis.ab,ti. 37 (failed adj back).ab,ti. 38 or/25-37 39 exp activities of daily living/ 40 activities of daily living.tw. 41 day to day activ$.ti,ab. 42 daily activit$.ti,ab. 43 ordinary activit$.ti,ab. 44 normal activit$.ti,ab. 45 stay$ active.ti,ab. 46 exp Bed Rest/ 47 bed rest.mp. 48 or/39-47 49 24 or 38 50 12 and 49 51 48 and 50
    7. 7. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From topic to search • Topic -> question -> search strategy! ...”What is the epidemiology of death or serious injury caused by road traffic accidents in Africa?” …. Question Keywords Synonyms MeSH / Subject Headings / sub-headings Boolean Logic Truncation / wildcards Limits
    8. 8. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • ...”What is the epidemiology of death or serious injury caused by road traffic accidents in Africa?” From Topic to Results Keywords / Themes / PICO patient/ intervention /comparison/ outcome
    9. 9. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY What is the epidemiology of death or serious injury caused by road traffic accidents in Africa?” Epidemiology Road traffic accidents Africa Synonyms? From Topic to Results
    10. 10. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY What is the epidemiology of death or serious injury caused by road traffic accidents in Africa?” epidemiology / longitudinal study/ cohort study road traffic accidents / car crash / road trauma/ road traffic injuries Africa / Algeria/ Botswana / Cameroon/ Djibouti / Egypt Synonyms? From Topic to Results
    11. 11. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Boolean Logic AND – to narrow the search by combining different topics eg “physiotherapy” and “stroke” Both terms must be present in the results. StrokePhysiotherapy
    12. 12. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Boolean Logic OR – to broaden your search, by combining similar terms eg “exercise” or “physical activity” Either term can be present in the resulting set of articles. Physical activityExercise
    13. 13. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Boolean Logic NOT – to restrict your search so that it does not contain a particular term eg “physical therapy” not “manual therapy” The first, but not the second, term must be present. Manual Therapy Physical Therapy
    14. 14. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results epidemiology OR longitudinal study OR cohort study AND road traffic accidents OR car crash OR road trauma OR road traffic injuries AND Africa OR Algeria OR Botswana OR Cameroon OR Djibouti OR Egypt
    15. 15. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Question: 1st theme OR OR OR AND 2nd theme OR OR OR AND 3rd theme OR OR OR AND 4th theme? OR OR OR
    16. 16. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Mind map your question? Research question 1st theme 4th theme 3rd theme 2nd theme synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym synonym
    17. 17. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results epidemiology OR longitudinal OR cohort AND road traffic accident OR car crash OR road trauma OR road traffic injuries AND Africa OR Algeria OR Botswana OR Cameroon OR Djibouti OR Egypt
    18. 18. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY 1. epidemiolog* 2. longitudinal* 3. cohort 4. 1 or 2 or 3 5. road traffic accident* 6. car crash* 7. road trauma* 8. road traffic injuries 9. 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 10.Africa* 11.Algeria 12.Botswana 13.Cameroon 14.10 or 11 or 12 or 13 15.????
    19. 19. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Putting the theory into practice http://wok.mimas.ac.uk
    20. 20. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
    21. 21. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
    22. 22. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • http://tinyurl.com/campubmed
    23. 23. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY 1 clinical trial.pt. 2 randomized.ab,ti. 3 placebo.ab,ti. 4 dt.fs. 5 randomly.ab,ti. 6 trial.ab,ti. 7 groups.ab,ti. 8 or/1-7 9 Animals/ 10 Humans/ 11 9 not (9 and 10) 12 8 not 11 13 dorsalgia.ab,ti. 14 exp Back Pain/ 15 exp Low Back Pain/ 16 backache.ab,ti. 17 (lumbar adj pain).ab,ti. 18 coccyx.ab,ti. 19 coccydynia.ab,ti. 20 exp Sciatica/ 21 sciatica.ab,ti. 22 spondylosis.ab,ti. 23 lumbago.ab,ti. 24 or/13-23 25 exp Spine/ 26 discitis.ab,ti. 27 exp Spinal Diseases/ 28 (disc adj degeneration).ab,ti. 29 (disc adj prolapse).ab,ti. 30 (disc adj herniation).ab,ti. 31 spinal fusion.sh. 32 spinal neoplasms.sh. 33 (facet adj joints).ab,ti. 34 intervertebral disk.sh. 35 postlaminectomy.ab,ti. 36 arachnoiditis.ab,ti. 37 (failed adj back).ab,ti. 38 or/25-37 39 exp activities of daily living/ 40 activities of daily living.tw. 41 day to day activ$.ti,ab. 42 daily activit$.ti,ab. 43 ordinary activit$.ti,ab. 44 normal activit$.ti,ab. 45 stay$ active.ti,ab. 46 exp Bed Rest/ 47 bed rest.mp. 48 or/39-47 49 24 or 38 50 12 and 49 51 48 and 50
    24. 24. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY 1 clinical trial.pt. 2 randomized.ab,ti. 3 placebo.ab,ti. 4 dt.fs. 5 randomly.ab,ti. 6 trial.ab,ti. 7 groups.ab,ti. 8 or/1-7 9 Animals/ 10 Humans/ 11 9 not (9 and 10) 12 8 not 11 13 dorsalgia.ab,ti. 14 exp Back Pain/ 15 exp Low Back Pain/ 16 backache.ab,ti. 17 (lumbar adj pain).ab,ti. 18 coccyx.ab,ti. 19 coccydynia.ab,ti. 20 exp Sciatica/ 21 sciatica.ab,ti. 22 spondylosis.ab,ti. 23 lumbago.ab,ti. 24 or/13-23 25 exp Spine/ 26 discitis.ab,ti. 27 exp Spinal Diseases/ 28 (disc adj degeneration).ab,ti. 29 (disc adj prolapse).ab,ti. 30 (disc adj herniation).ab,ti. 31 spinal fusion.sh. 32 spinal neoplasms.sh. 33 (facet adj joints).ab,ti. 34 intervertebral disk.sh. 35 postlaminectomy.ab,ti. 36 arachnoiditis.ab,ti. 37 (failed adj back).ab,ti. 38 or/25-37 39 exp activities of daily living/ 40 activities of daily living.tw. 41 day to day activ$.ti,ab. 42 daily activit$.ti,ab. 43 ordinary activit$.ti,ab. 44 normal activit$.ti,ab. 45 stay$ active.ti,ab. 46 exp Bed Rest/ 47 bed rest.mp. 48 or/39-47 49 24 or 38 50 12 and 49 51 48 and 50
    25. 25. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Advice to rest in bed versus advice to stay active for acute low-back pain and sciatica The objective of this review is to determine the effects of advice to rest in bed or stay active for patients with acute low-back pain or sciatica. The following comparisons will be made: • Bed rest versus staying active • Bed rest versus other treatments (besides staying active) • Shorter periods of bed rest versus longer periods of bed rest • Staying active versus other treatments (besides bed rest) • Comparison between different forms of advice to stay active (e.g. avoiding bedrest, staying active) http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD007612/pdf_fs.html
    26. 26. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From topic to search: filters • http://www.sign.ac.uk/methodology/filters.html Observational Study Filters Medline 1 Epidemiologic studies/ 2 Exp case control studies/ 3 Exp cohort studies/ 4 Case control.tw. 5 (cohort adj (study or studies)).tw. 6 Cohort analy$.tw. 7 (Follow up adj (study or studies)).tw. 8 (observational adj (study or studies)).tw. 9 Longitudinal.tw. 10 Retrospective.tw. 11 Cross sectional.tw. 12 Cross-sectional studies/ 13 Or/1-12 Embase 1 Clinical study/ 2 Case control study 3 Family study/ 4 Longitudinal study/ 5 Retrospective study/ 6 Prospective study/ 7 Randomized controlled trials/ 8 6 not 7 9 Cohort analysis/ 10 (Cohort adj (study or studies)).mp. 11 (Case control adj (study or studies)).tw. 12 (follow up adj (study or studies)).tw. 13 (observational adj (study or studies)).tw. 14 (epidemiologic$ adj (study or studies)).tw. 15 (cross sectional adj (study or studies)).tw. 16 Or/1-5,8-15
    27. 27. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From topic to search: filters - translated • http://www.sign.ac.uk/methodology/filters.html Observational Study Filters Medline (via Pubmed) #1 “Epidemiologic studies”[Mesh] #2 “case control studies”[Mesh] #3 “cohort studies”[Mesh] #4 Case control[Text Word] #5 (cohort stud*))[Text Word] #6 Cohort analy*[Text Word] #7 (Follow up AND (study or studies))[Text Word] #8 (observational AND (study or studies))[Text Word] #9 Longitudinal[Text Word] #10 Retrospective[Text Word] #11 Cross sectional[Text Word] #12 “Cross-sectional studies”[Mesh] #13 #1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4 OR #5 OR #6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10 OR #11 OR #12 Medline 1 Epidemiologic studies/ 2 Exp case control studies/ 3 Exp cohort studies/ 4 Case control.tw. 5 (cohort adj (study or studies)).tw. 6 Cohort analy$.tw. 7 (Follow up adj (study or studies)).tw. 8 (observational adj (study or studies)).tw. 9 Longitudinal.tw. 10 Retrospective.tw. 11 Cross sectional.tw. 12 Cross-sectional studies/ 13 Or/1-12
    28. 28. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://library.medschl.cam.ac.uk/resources-training-support/databases/
    29. 29. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • Reference Manager (or Endnote or EndnoteWeb, or Zotero, or Mendeley, or…?) • LibrarySearch and/or e-journals@cambridge (you might need RAVEN if “off campus” to get hold of the articles ) From strategy to references
    30. 30. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://tinyurl.com/campubmed http://wok.mimas.ac.uk And other tools to help: • Non-journal material (eg NGO websites, books, statistics, grey literature) • CASP Critical Appraisal Checklists / Twitter Journal Club / other critical appraisal tools • Qiqqa or PDF X-change From strategy to references
    31. 31. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Keeping up to date • alerts • journal TOCs • citation tracking • Email alerts • RSS fees
    32. 32. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Management of process & results • What is the data you need to record? • Where will you record it? Where will you store it? • How will you record it? • How will you share it? When should all this start? – more info on data management
    33. 33. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Don’t try to do the whole search in one line • Don’t imagine that your first attempt will get all the articles you need • Don’t give up!
    34. 34. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Do think of alternative ways of talking about your topic • Do learn from your hits and your misses • Do remember that you still have to critically appraise each article • Do ask for help
    35. 35. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
    36. 36. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Help! Isla Kuhn Deputy Medical Librarian Medical Library Box 111 Addenbrooke’s Hospital email: ilk21@cam.ac.uk phone: (01223) (3)36750 web: http://library.medschl.cam.ac.uk Thank you. Available afternoon of 24th October & 31st October (ahead of essay presentations on 8th November)

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