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Fishing for pearls 2013 - part 2s

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Fishing for pearls 2013 - part 2s

  1. 1. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Diving for pearls….. How to get the most from your literature search. Isla Kuhn Reader Services Librarian Medical Library
  2. 2. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
  3. 3. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Google will give me everything I need (if/when wikipedia fails me) A. True B. False True False 0%0%
  4. 4. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Compiling the bibliography to my dissertation will be the easy bit A. True B. False True False 0%0%
  5. 5. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY a) introducing the research topic, with an explanation of why the subject was chosen for study, b) reviewing relevant literature and showing how this has informed the research issue, c) explaining how the research has been designed and why the research methods being used have been chosen (methodology), d) outlining the findings, e) analysing the findings and discussing them in the context of the literature review, f) concluding, and g) references
  6. 6. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY a) introducing the research topic, with an explanation of why the subject was chosen for study, b) reviewing relevant literature and showing how this has informed the research issue, c) explaining how the research has been designed and why the research methods being used have been chosen (methodology), d) outlining the findings, e) analysing the findings and discussing them in the context of the literature review, f) concluding, and g) references
  7. 7. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
  8. 8. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them thoroughly!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
  9. 9. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
  10. 10. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Why reference? • Showing how widely you’ve read around the subject; • Demonstrating your understanding of the context and research up to this point; • Highlighting points of view that differ to yours; • Backing up your own points of view. • http://theuniversityblog.co.uk/2012/07/24/need-references/
  11. 11. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results • Topic -> question -> keywords/synonyms Effect of chocolate in prevention of heart disease ...”Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing risk of heart disease?” …. Themes / PICO …………………keywords???.... synonyms???........................
  12. 12. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P –problem / patient? I – Intervention? C – Comparison? O – Outcome? Synonyms? From Topic to Results
  13. 13. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P – heart disease I – chocolate C – O – risk From Topic to Results
  14. 14. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P – heart disease / heart failure / cardiovascular disease / coronary disease I – chocolate / cocoa / cacao C – O –risk / prevention / From Topic to Results
  15. 15. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you useful/relevant hits (a SPECIFIC search)? A. coronary disease AND chocolate B. chocolate OR heart failure C. coronary disease NOT chocolate D. risk AND chocolate A. B. C. D. 0% 0%0%0%
  16. 16. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY AND – to narrow the search by combining different topics eg “physiotherapy” and “stroke” Both terms must be present in the results. From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic
  17. 17. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you most hits (a SENSITIVE search) A. coronary disease AND heart failure B. coronary disease OR heart failure C. coronary disease NOT heart failure A. B. C. 0% 0%0%
  18. 18. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic OR – to broaden your search, by combining similar terms eg “exercise” or “physical activity” Either term can be present in the resulting set of articles.
  19. 19. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you best hits (most SPECIFIC & most SENSITIVE search)? A. coronary disease AND chocolate AND risk B. (coronary disease OR heart failure) AND chocolate AND risk C. chocolate AND risk AND coronary failure D. risk AND (chocolate OR cocoa) AND (coronary disease OR heart failure) A. B. C. D. 0% 0%0%0%
  20. 20. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic NOT – to restrict your search so that it does not contain a particular term eg chocolate not confectionary The first, but not the second, term must be present.
  21. 21. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in the prevention of heart disease? heart disease OR heart failure OR cardiovascular disease OR coronary disease AND chocolate OR cocoa OR cacao AND risk OR prevention From Topic to Results
  22. 22. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in the prevention of heart disease? 1. heart disease 2. heart failure 3. cardiovascular disease 4. coronary disease 5. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 6. risk 7. prevention 8. 6 or 7 9. chocolate 10. cocoa 11. cacao 12. 9 or 10 or 11 13. ????
  23. 23. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • Databases • Web of science • Pubmed • ??? • EndnoteWeb (to manage your references) • LibrarySearch (to get hold of the articles) From Topic to Results
  24. 24. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://wok.mimas.ac.uk http://www.myendnoteweb.com http://tinyurl.com/campubmed From Results to References
  25. 25. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Don’t try to do the whole search in one line • Don’t imagine that your first attempt will get all the articles you need • Don’t give up!
  26. 26. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Do think of alternative ways of talking about your topic • Do learn from your hits and your misses • Do remember that you still have to critically appraise each article • http://www.twitjc.com/ Twitter Journal Club • http://www.casp-uk.net/ CASP (Critical Appraisal Skills Programme) • Do ask for help
  27. 27. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://tinyurl.com/ps7ltcu http://tinyurl.com/whatdiduthink
  28. 28. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Help! Isla Kuhn Reader Services Librarian Medical Library Box 111 Addenbrooke’s Hospital email: ilk21@cam.ac.uk phone: (01223 3) 36750 web: http://library.medschl.cam.ac.uk Thank you.

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