Tiananmen square ppt

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Tiananmen square ppt

  1. 1. Tiananmen Square Protests 1989 http://www.chinapictures.org/photo/travel/tiananmen-square/50408150614260/
  2. 2. Outline • Background • Changes they sought • The protest • The outcome http://www.google.com/imgres
  3. 3. Background • Mao Zedong- Communist Society – Great Leap Forward Program – Cultural Revolution • Social reforms 1978 Den Xiaoping – Market economy reform – Political liberalization – Glastnos • Death of Secretary General Hu Yaobang
  4. 4. Background
  5. 5. Changes They Sought • Affirm as correct Hu Yaobang’s views on democracy and freedom • Admit that the campaigns against spiritual pollution and bourgeois liberalization had been wrong • Publish information on the income of state leaders and their family members • End the ban on privately run newspapers and permit freedom of speech • Increase funding for education and raise intellectuals’ pay • End restrictions on demonstrations in Beijing • Hold democratic elections to replace government officials who made bad policy decisions
  6. 6. The Protest
  7. 7. The Protest • Students mourn the death of Hu yaobang • Sit-in at the Office of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress • Police force – Escalade from batons to fire arms to tanks • Parallelism between police force and protesters – 500 to 100,000 • Education strike • Hunger Strike – Garner support domestically and nationally • Death toll – Soviet Union: 10,000 – NATO: 7,000 – 400-800 NY Times – Chinese government: 241 including soldiers
  8. 8. The Outcome
  9. 9. The Outcome Negative • Lack of leadership and organization • Demands not met • Damaged reputation through media • High dead toll • Event censured by government Positive • International sympathy for protesters • International pressure on government
  10. 10. Are the goals and values of nonviolent conflict and civil disobedience a viable option for changing a perceived unjust society into a just one?

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