In glycolysis, each glucose molecule isbroken down to two molecules of … acetyl coenzyme A pyruvate citric acid
Without oxygen, glycolysis allowscells to make small amounts of ATPthrough a process called ... oxidative phosphorylation • Another way to make ATP electron transport fermentation • There are two types of fermentation: • Lactic Acid fermentation (sore muscles) • Alcohol fermentation
Upon entering the mitochondria, pyruvicacid molecules are converted to _____molecules to be used in the citric acidcycle citric acid • A six carbon compound in the citric acid cycle acetyl coenzyme A • An enzyme joined with two carbons (think of Coenzyme A as an escort for carbon molecules into the citric acid cycle) fumaric acid • An intermediary in the citric acid cycle which is used to produce ATP. It can also be added to candy to make it taste sour and even be used to treat psoriasis.
In a eukaryotic cell, most of the ATPderived from glucose during cellularrespiration is produced by ... Glycolysis The citric acid cycle The electron transport chain
Glucose and _______ are consumedduring cellular respiration. carbon dioxide oxygen water
Most of the ATP produced by the electron transportchain is generated from the oxidativephosphorylation of NADH and ____ . FADH2 flavin adenine dinucleotide FAD NAD+