Pat RTI was the big change in IDEA 2004, and we were told that resources would be shifted from an old model to a model that identifies and services students with learning problems. Pat
Patthrough DIFFERENTIATION within core subjects. SUCH AS READING AND MATH (TIER 1) both academically/behaviorally.By testing, students are screened to determine who needs more instructions through Interventions. Moving into tier 2, students are given additional supportMonitor to assess student learning growth and tier effectiveness.if growth is not evident, move into Tier 3. intensity interventions and continue monitoring. (Tier 3)Schools assess individual student’s progress and RtI effectiveness
Laura- Study: “Tiered Interventions in High School” (May 2010)Study conducted by three groups: Natl H.S. Center, Center on Instruction, and Natl Center on RtIMethodology: phone interviews from 45 schools; questionnaire and site visits to 8 high schoolsCommon among the schools:Most selected 9 and 10th graders; English and math
LauraFall 2011Survey monkey- 10 question surveyRandomly selected high school teachers from NE and NW councils of IAEAInvited 65 teachers; response rate: n= 21Demographic information about the teachers who participated in the survey (next three slides)
PatFreshman and Sophomores are both served at 26% Tapering off in their senior year.
LauraAs the national survey found, the most common places to find RtI goals: English and math. Some schools create special sections of English 1, some create English blocks, and some put interventions in assigned study halls.
PatWE wanted to hear from you. Here is what you told us.A 9th hour class was added.Three schools said noPilots are formingMeetings are dedicated to RtIElective courses sufferCouple of schools reported that 2 period blocks (math and english) reduce elective choices
Laura- ‘leverage points”When schools are faced with mandates, they must create a system/structure to conform. But, there are areas that Electives, with the help of strategic partners, could leverage to make RtI a system that does not negatively impact students.The national study points to these four areas: Including parents and students into the placement processFormat of the art curriculumParticipation in decision-making groupsGraduation requirementsPat,Handout and discussion
54% tell parents and kids!87% do not hold sit down meetings with all stakeholdersIf parents and students demand ways to have electives in their schedules, this will increase pressure for Adm to provide them.
Are your former students now sitting in study halls?Can students join your classes after their target has been met? Do you provide the most flexible art program that you can?
Here is what you said.1 out of 5 schools have students locked in study halls all year40% may be able to grab students at the semester point, if they offer semester coursesHow can we provide a good program that also is flexible?Since this impacts 9th and 10th graders, this has a long term impact on your art program!
Either of us
Who would you need to involve or franchise?What evidence would you need to present to decision makers?Social emotional learning?Research that supports the Arts in reducing drop-outs?Community members?Colleagues in English and math?
1 out of 3 of the schools we surveyed do not have a credit in Fine Arts.
If you would like to read this report, or others related to RtI, we have added some resource for you.We will be sending this to IAEA to post with other conference presentations.
High School Curriculum in the Age of RTI
RESPONSE TO INTERVENTION + TIERED INTERVENTIONS Disabilities Education Act (IDEA Tiered Interventions are supports 2004). used to improve student performance. RtI addresses specific aspects of theTier I developed framework and research. Most student’s needs are meet through primary instructions. Response to Intervention data Tier II provides: Secondary instruction for students not meeting defined criteria. measures of student progress Tier III guides educational decisions. Tertiary interventions for students with significant instructional needs.
WHAT ARE RTI PRINCIPLES & COMPONENTS? 1. Meeting student’s needs 2. Screening to identify 3. Additional support provided 4. Monitoring progress 5. Interventions increase 6. Schools assess
HSTII STUDY OF RTI- MAJOR FINDINGS1. High school’s structure and operations are different than elementary.2. Implementation will vary due to focus, instructional organization, and culture.3. School implementation team or district teams determine focus.4. All high schools created structures to increase student achievement.Examples of RTI targets: increase student attendance, increase literary skills,improve grades or test scores, and decrease referrals.http://www.rti4success.org/resourcetype/tiered-interventions-high-schools-using-preliminary-lessons-learned-guide-ongoing
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY Type of SchoolUrban Suburban Rural 7% 21% 72%
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY Years implementing RtI1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years No RtI program 7% 21% 36% 36%
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY Students Served in RtI ClassesFreshman Sophomores JuniorsSeniors No special courses 26% 26% 7% 26% 15%
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEYYes, readin g+ No, nomath, 42.9 special courses, 5 0 No response- ”Yes, readi Yes, math Yes, readin ng, math, only, 7.1 g only, 0 + science.”
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY Has your school changed its schedule because of RtI?• Only in the sense that they started an extra 9th hour for kids who are failing classes.• Three responded: NO• No but they are looking into it. It is currently a pilot program• One Faculty meeting a month is dedicated to RtI.• It has not changed our schedule but it has affected student numbers. Student who are under performing, lose their ability to take elective courses.• 2 period block for math and reading• Double period math and English courses...reduces elective options
LEVERAGE POINTSParents and student voicesArt Curriculum/structure“RTI” Planning CommitteeGraduation requirements
DISCUSSION-Are students and families involved in the intervention decision process?
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY Are students and families involved indeveloping an RtI plan at your school? 2% 11% Yes No 33% School places 54% students I do not know.
DISCUSSIONHow are students schedules adjusted after they have meet their RtI goal?
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEYWhen goals are achieved, how are student schedules adjusted? Students stay until end of semester 20% 40% Students stay until end of yr 20% Students are released 20% to study hall
DISCUSSIONHow can you adjust your art program to accommodate the conditions of RtI?
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEY How has RtI impacted your art program?• Our overall enrollment numbers are lower in all elective areas.• Has not impacted my art program (3)• Nothing yet for it is still a pilot. But it may in the near future.• RtI hasnt been a big factor. The main impact on our program has to do with general austerity measures affecting all areas of school.
DISCUSSIONWhat are the strategic steps required to get Art as a graduation requirement?
IAEA H.S. TEACHER SURVEYDoes your school have a Fine Art graduation requirement? (Dance, Music, and Art) Yes, 1 credit Yes, 2 credits No 29% 64% 7%
WEBSITES HSTII REPORTState RtI Plan: Tiered Interventions in High http://www.isbe.net/pdf/rti_state_plan.pdfDistrict Self-Assessment Template: School http://www.isbe.net/RtI_plan/rti_template.docQuestions specific to RtI: The National Center on Response to firstname.lastname@example.org. Intervention, Center on Instruction, andInternet resources include: the National High School Centerhttp://whatworks.ed.gov/ summarizes what the High Schoolhttp://www.rti4success.org Tiered Interventions Initiative (HSTII)http://fcrr.org/FCRRReports/index.aspx has learned about effectivehttp://www.studentprogress.org/ implementation of RTI in high schools.http://www.promisingpractices.net/default.asphttp://www.interventioncentral.com/ http://www.rti4success.org/resourcetypehttp://www.centeroninstruction.org/ /tiered-interventions-high-schools-using- preliminary-lessons-learned-guide- ongoing