Policy Environment and Network Mapping<br />Presentation to the <br />I-K-Mediary Network<br />05/11/2009<br />
What is  your policy objective?<br /><ul><li>Discursive changes: changes in language usage
Procedural changes: changing how something is done
Content changes: the actual letter of the law
Attitudinal changes: changes in the perceptions of key stakeholders
Behavioural changes: changes in the way something is achieved or approached</li></li></ul><li>Who makes policy?<br />Agend...
Questions a policy mapping can answer<br />What is the problem that requires a policy response? <br />Who are the stakehol...
Begin with your researchers<br />What are the attitudes or misconceptions your research has the potential to change or dis...
Define the policy<br />Angolan DecentralisationPolicy<br />Decree Law 02/07 and the PRSP<br />Budgetary Units <br />Social...
Get other views<br />Internet: Do some quick and dirty Internet research on the organisations and institutions your resear...
Stakeholder Analysis<br />Christian<br />Association<br />Academic<br />Associate<br />Peace<br />Work<br />Interfaith<br ...
Force-field analysis<br />High Power<br />Academic<br />Associate<br />Peace<br />Work<br />Christian<br />Association<br ...
Policy Axes/Areas<br />Buro<br />Tangail<br />Service Delivery<br />ASA<br />Grameen<br />BSK<br />Brac<br />Proshika<br /...
Policy Process<br />Party<br />Politics<br />Ministry<br />Of<br />Health<br />World<br />Bank<br />President<br />Indigen...
Spaces for participation<br />Created<br />Invited<br />Closed<br />
Other techniques<br />Policy entrepreneurship<br />Power analysis <br />Drivers of change<br />See “Mapping Political Cont...
President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Loc...
Kinds of knowledge<br />Instrumental: Knowledge that explains causal relationships, structures and functional relationship...
President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Loc...
President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Loc...
President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Loc...
Angola - Recommendations<br />ADRA may want to use its contacts with the Decentralisation Working Group, especially the Mi...
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Presentation On Policy Mapping

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Presentation by Nicholas Benequista (IDS) at the 3rd I-K-Mediary Workshop, November 2009.

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Presentation On Policy Mapping

  1. 1. Policy Environment and Network Mapping<br />Presentation to the <br />I-K-Mediary Network<br />05/11/2009<br />
  2. 2. What is your policy objective?<br /><ul><li>Discursive changes: changes in language usage
  3. 3. Procedural changes: changing how something is done
  4. 4. Content changes: the actual letter of the law
  5. 5. Attitudinal changes: changes in the perceptions of key stakeholders
  6. 6. Behavioural changes: changes in the way something is achieved or approached</li></li></ul><li>Who makes policy?<br />Agenda setting: Donors, multi-laterals, regional blocs, social movements, lobbyists and interest groups…<br />Decision-making: State officials, legislators, congressional staff…<br />Implementation: State agencies, NGOs, private firms… <br />Evaluation: Internal auditors, external evaluators, civil society, the media…<br />
  7. 7. Questions a policy mapping can answer<br />What is the problem that requires a policy response? <br />Who are the stakeholders in this problem and what’s at stake for them? <br />What are the various sites or venues where this policy debate is occurring? <br />How does the research need to be framed to be relevant the current debate? <br />How are you connected to this? <br />
  8. 8. Begin with your researchers<br />What are the attitudes or misconceptions your research has the potential to change or dispel?<br />Which specific policies does your research have the potential to influence?<br />What are the policy axes: the issues that divide opinions in the policy debate? What ideological direction is the policy currently trending toward? <br />Who supports the policy trend strongly, moderately? Who opposes it? Which supporters and which opponents are allied?<br />What are the different points through which policies on this topic pass to become approved and implemented? Ministries, associations and unions, congressional committees, state government offices, international donors, implementing agencies, etc.? <br />Have you interacted formally or informally with any of these actors? How? How strong is your relationship with them? <br />Which other actors informally influence those policy paths? NGOs, activist groups, CBOs, etc?<br />Have you interacted with any of these actors? How? How strong is your relationship with them? <br />What major events occurring in the next eighteen months have the potential to influence the policy environment? Congressional debate, workshop, protest, etc.?<br />Irrespective of this particular policy, with which actors do you have the strongest relationship? Which local, national or regional government officials? Other academic or research institutions? CBOs? Social movements? NGOs? Political parties or lawmakers? <br />
  9. 9. Define the policy<br />Angolan DecentralisationPolicy<br />Decree Law 02/07 and the PRSP<br />Budgetary Units <br />Social Consultation and Coordination Councils<br />The topic of decentralization is not ideologically controversial, but the practice can be, especially with regard to who is selected to participate in the new forums<br />
  10. 10. Get other views<br />Internet: Do some quick and dirty Internet research on the organisations and institutions your researcher describes. Along the way, you’ll discover more.<br />Snowball: Ask the researchers who they think would know more about the policy environment, and interview them.<br />Consultant: Hire a consultant who is involved in the policy debates to carry out the mapping for you. The mapping itself can be an opportunity for influence, and these translators are crucial. <br />
  11. 11. Stakeholder Analysis<br />Christian<br />Association<br />Academic<br />Associate<br />Peace<br />Work<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Centre<br />For each actor, <br />write 1-2 sentence s summarizing their policy interest/position.<br />National<br />Institute<br />For<br />Policy<br />Federal<br />Govt<br />Strategic<br />Empowerment<br />& Mediation<br />Agency<br />DFID<br />Supreme<br />Council<br />For Islamic<br />Affairs<br />2007<br />Movement<br />Congress<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Regional<br />Govts<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Emirate<br />Councils<br />
  12. 12. Force-field analysis<br />High Power<br />Academic<br />Associate<br />Peace<br />Work<br />Christian<br />Association<br />Supreme<br />Council<br />For Islamic<br />Affairs<br />DFID<br />Low Interest<br />High Interest<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Com’s<br />Regional<br />Govts<br />Emirate<br />Councils<br />Strategic<br />Empowerment<br />& Mediation<br />Agency<br />Interfaith<br />Mediation<br />Centre<br />Low Power<br />
  13. 13. Policy Axes/Areas<br />Buro<br />Tangail<br />Service Delivery<br />ASA<br />Grameen<br />BSK<br />Brac<br />Proshika<br />ASK<br />RDRS<br />KN<br />Naripokkho<br />Rights<br />Basic Needs<br />Samata<br />Nijera Kori<br />Social Mobilisation<br />
  14. 14. Policy Process<br />Party<br />Politics<br />Ministry<br />Of<br />Health<br />World<br />Bank<br />President<br />Indigenous<br />Missionary<br />Council<br />National<br />Congress<br />Public<br />Consultation<br />SSL<br />Indigenous<br />Groups<br />CEBRAPE<br />Funasa<br />Funasa<br />Regional<br />Offices<br />Municipal<br />Health<br />Secretariats<br />Implementing<br />Orgs<br />SPACES<br />Closed<br />Invited<br />Created<br />
  15. 15. Spaces for participation<br />Created<br />Invited<br />Closed<br />
  16. 16. Other techniques<br />Policy entrepreneurship<br />Power analysis <br />Drivers of change<br />See “Mapping Political Context” by RAPID<br />
  17. 17. President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Local<br />Government<br />Program<br />UNDP, <br />World Bank,<br />& Donors<br />Cabinet<br />& Party<br />Meetings<br />Decentralization <br />Working<br />Group<br />Ministry of <br />Planning<br />Ministry of <br />Finance<br />International<br />NGOs<br />ADRA<br />National Assembly<br />(4th Commission)<br />National<br />NGOs<br />Provincial/<br />Municipal<br />Government<br />C<br />I<br />T<br />I<br />Z<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />Budgetary<br />Units<br />Civil<br />Society<br />Conferences<br />ACTORS<br />CACS<br />Regional<br />CSOs<br />SPACES<br />Closed<br />Invited<br />Created<br />
  18. 18. Kinds of knowledge<br />Instrumental: Knowledge that explains causal relationships, structures and functional relationships through the analysis of data. <br />Interactive: Knowledge that derives from how people interact with one another, including emotions, sharing daily experiences and exchanging actions. <br />Critical: Knowledge that emerges from a combination of reflection and action that makes normative deliberations possible. <br />www.drc-citizenship.org/docs/publications/drc_general/ Creatingspacesforengagement.pdf<br />
  19. 19. President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Local<br />Government<br />Program<br />UNDP, <br />World Bank,<br />& Donors<br />Cabinet<br />& Party<br />Meetings<br />Decentralization <br />Working<br />Group<br />Ministry of <br />Planning<br />Ministry of <br />Finance<br />International<br />NGOs<br />ADRA<br />National Assembly<br />(4th Commission)<br />National<br />NGOs<br />Provincial/<br />Municipal<br />Government<br />C<br />I<br />T<br />I<br />Z<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />Budgetary<br />Units<br />Civil<br />Society<br />Conferences<br />ACTORS<br />CACS<br />Regional<br />CSOs<br />SPACES<br />Closed<br />Invited<br />Created<br />
  20. 20. President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Local<br />Government<br />Program<br />UNDP, <br />World Bank,<br />& Donors<br />Cabinet<br />& Party<br />Meetings<br />Decentralization <br />Working<br />Group<br />Ministry of <br />Planning<br />Ministry of <br />Finance<br />International<br />NGOs<br />ADRA<br />National Assembly<br />(4th Commission)<br />National<br />NGOs<br />Provincial/<br />Municipal<br />Government<br />C<br />I<br />T<br />I<br />Z<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />Budgetary<br />Units<br />Civil<br />Society<br />Conferences<br />ACTORS<br />CACS<br />Regional<br />CSOs<br />SPACES<br />Closed<br />Invited<br />Created<br />
  21. 21. President &<br />Prime Minister<br />Ministry <br />of Territorial <br />Administration<br />Decentralization<br />And Local<br />Government<br />Program<br />UNDP, <br />World Bank,<br />& Donors<br />Cabinet<br />& Party<br />Meetings<br />Decentralization <br />Working<br />Group<br />Ministry of <br />Planning<br />Ministry of <br />Finance<br />International<br />NGOs<br />ADRA<br />National Assembly<br />(4th Commission)<br />National<br />NGOs<br />Provincial/<br />Municipal<br />Government<br />C<br />I<br />T<br />I<br />Z<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />Budgetary<br />Units<br />Civil<br />Society<br />Conferences<br />ACTORS<br />CACS<br />Regional<br />CSOs<br />SPACES<br />Closed<br />Invited<br />Created<br />
  22. 22. Angola - Recommendations<br />ADRA may want to use its contacts with the Decentralisation Working Group, especially the Ministry of Territorial Administration and UNDP, to help develop its policy messages from the research to create a policy brief for top policy makers. <br />ADRA could facilitate discussions by screening PVs at a series of meetings bringing together local actors, perhaps starting in Benguela, where it has allies in the government.<br />ADRA may want to partner with local media outlets or international media NGOs (e.g. BBC World Trust) to get out messages via broadcast? <br />
  23. 23. Framing<br />Communication of research should be an iterative, interactive and multi-directional process that involves a wide range of stakeholders from planning, through to design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation. - DFID Research Communication Strategy<br />
  24. 24. Key Questions<br />What common traits define each audience?<br />What policy, practice or discourse are you seeking to influence by communicating to this audience?<br />What attitudes or beliefs might impede influence?<br />What kind of knowledge can most effectively influence this audience? <br />Which Citizenship DRC research projects contain messages for this audience?<br />Which are the best mediums for reaching this audience? <br />What new capacities or networks will you need to communicate in these mediums?<br />How will this communication strategy promote the dissemination of Citizenship DRC ideas to new audiences and expand existing partner networks?<br />What messages (or kinds of messages) come out of the research for this audience? <br />How will this work help deepen or sharpen your concepts?<br />
  25. 25. Questions for small groups<br />What is your objective in engaging with policy? <br />What kind of policy actors would be most likely to use your resources? <br />How might you use one of the mapping tools in your own work? If none are useful, why not?<br />What kinds of tensions or challenges will arise as you move in this direction? <br />

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