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Library Services Related to eBooks at 3 Research Universities in Japan

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Library Services Related to eBooks at 3 Research Universities in Japan

  1. 1. APAC eBooks Forum in Brisbane Library Services Related to eBooks at 3 Research Universities in Japan Ui Ikeuchi Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies 2014 Challenging the "norm": Future Directions for eBooks26-27 June oui@slis.tsukuba.ac.jp / ikeuchi.ui@gmail.com http://oui-oui.jp
  2. 2. 2 I
  3. 3. Brief History of eBooks in Japan (1) First Electronic Dictionary(CD-ROM) Sony Data Discman (DD-1) (First Electronic book device) Aozora Bunko (Japanese digital library that mainly includes out-of-copyright books and works, like Project Gutenberg) Cell Phone Novel 1985 1997 1990 2000- Mika. “Koizora”
  4. 4. Brief History of eBooks in Japan (2) Kindle store (jp) open. Kindle and Kindle Fire (Japanese) release. Amendment of the Copyright Act for digital publishing 2010 2012 2014 Apple iPad release. People expected ‘eBooks era’, but…
  5. 5. Books & eBooks Sales [estimated] (unit: 100 million JPY) 12,000! 10,000! 8,000! 6,000! 4,000! 2,000! 0! Books! eBooks! 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Books: Annual publishing indicator 2013. Research Institute for Publications. [in Japanese] eBooks: 2013 eBook market scale in Japan. Internet Watch. June 25, 2014. [in Japanese] http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/20140625_654926.html
  6. 6. eBooks Available in Public Libraries 6 97% (May 2014)2) (June 2014)3) 89% (2013)1) 0.6% 1) Library Journal. Ebook Usage in U.S. Public Libraries: 2013 Report. http://www.thedigitalshift.com/research/ebook-usage-u-s-public-libraries-2013-report/ 2) ALIA; APLA. Comparison of ebooks and elending in Australian Public Libraries 2013 vs 2014. https://www.alia.org.au/sites/default/files/APLA-Ebooks-and-Elending-2013-vs-2014.pdf 3) 21/3,228 *The number of public libraries is calculated from JLA “Statistics on libraries in Japan: 2013”.
  7. 7. eBooks service directory 21 public libraries http://oui-oui.jp/eb-lib/
  8. 8. Learning Square at Central Library, University of Tsukuba Overview of 3 University Libraries
  9. 9. Univ. of Tsukuba Keio Univ. Chiba Univ. Map data ©2014, AutoNavi, Google, SK planet, ZENRIN
  10. 10. 1. University of Tsukuba National Research University 11
  11. 11. 2. Chiba University National Research University 12
  12. 12. 3. Keio University Private Research University 13
  13. 13. Overview -University 14 Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. Keio Univ. Types National Univ. National Univ. Private Univ. Students 16,442 14,825 33,681 Academic Staff 2,612 2,398 4,539 Expenditures (Unit: million JPY) 88,125 60,229 210,221
  14. 14. Overview -Library 15 Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. Keio Univ. No. of Libraries Main + Branch 5 3 6 Library Staff incl. non-regular 120 43 121 Library Expenditures (Unit: million JPY) 1,144 537 2,958 Library Materials Expenditures 582 411 1,617
  15. 15. Library Resources Printed journals vs E-journals (41.6%) 29,847 (54.0%) 24,198 68,708 25,380 21,937 96,273 (58.4%) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 1 20,000 1 40,000 1 60,000 1 80,000 Keio Univ. Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. printed journals e-journals (46.0%) (47.5%) (52.5%) titles
  16. 16. Library Holdings Printed books vs E-books 2,596,533 (99.2%) 1,387,522 4,905,336 20,290 (93.3%) 21,891 349,969 0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 Keio Univ. Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. printed books e-books Volumes (6.7%) (0.8%) (1.4%) (98.6%)
  17. 17. E-journals International vs Domestic 24,910 20,251 81,915 470 1,686 14,358 (85.1%) (14.9%) 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 Keio Univ. Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. international domestic titles (2.0%) (7.7%) (98.0%) (92.3%)
  18. 18. E-books Holdings International vs Domestic 21,891 20,152 349,299 138 670 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 Keio Univ. Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. international domestic titles (0.2%) (0.7%) (99.8%) (100%) (99.3%) Students in Higher Education are taught in Japanese. (0%)
  19. 19. Cost-Effectiveness of Library Resources 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Circulation or Access Count Annual Expenditure The number of access could NOT count completely. printed books e-books e-journals (JPY)
  20. 20. Challenging points 1. More access & use 2. More eBooks in Japanese 3. More efficient eBook system 21
  21. 21. Challenging points 1. More access & use – Discovery Service! 2. More eBooks in Japanese – Learning eResource! 3. More efficient eBook system – Scholarly eBook Project 22
  22. 22. pictures in “Academic Link Center Annual Report 2013”. Chiba University Challenges
  23. 23. 1. University of Tsukuba Library https://www.tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp/lib/ 24
  24. 24. 25
  25. 25. Before Summon 2.0 26 I would like to get an article via ILL. We have the item as eBook. Oh, sorry. I could not find it!
  26. 26. After Summon 2.0 27 e-Journal e-Article e-Book Printed Book
  27. 27. 28 Search by keyword or number
  28. 28. 29 ... Browse by subject Browse by series
  29. 29. Discoverability +++ 30 Certain images and/or photos on this slide are the copyrighted property of 123RF Limited, their Contributors or Licensed Partners and are being
  30. 30. 2. Chiba University Library 31
  31. 31. Professor Hiroya Takeuchi Head of the Chiba University Library Vice President of the Chiba University Director of the Academic Link Center [learning commons] Director of the CLR (Consortium for Learning Resources) 32
  32. 32. CLR (Consortium for Learning Resources) 33 http://clr.jp
  33. 33. CLR (Consortium for Learning Resources) 34 Member Hokkaido Univ. Tohoku Univ. Univ. of Tsukuba Chiba Univ. Univ. of Tokyo Nagoya Univ. Kyoto Univ. Kyushu Univ. Keio Univ.
  34. 34. 35 The Copyright Law Fair Use
  35. 35. 36 The Copyright Law Fair Use
  36. 36. Copyright Licence Agreement (current) Researcher Author Publisher Copyright Collective (1) Application for licence in each case (2) Licence agreement (3) Paying royalties “Licence agreement for learning e-resources”. The Nikkei. May 23, 2014. p.34.
  37. 37. Concept of CLR Comprehensive Licence Agreement Simplified procedure Lump-sum payment Digital Learning Resource Database Supplying copyright information Paying annual user fee Sharing Learning eResources “Licence agreement for learning e-resources”. The Nikkei. May 23, 2014. p.34.
  38. 38. Popularity +++ 39
  39. 39. 3. Keio University Library 40
  40. 40. 80,000 items (April 2014) 41 http://www.hathitrust.org
  41. 41. e-KOllection Project (Oct. 2010-) Scholarly eBook Pilot Project in 2013 42 http://project.lib.keio.ac.jp/ebookp/
  42. 42. Scholarly eBook Pilot Project 2010 2012 2014 Participant Universities 1 university 5 universities 8 universities Participant Publishers 1 company 17 companies 26 companies Books offered 14 volumes 766 volumes 1957 volumes Device iPad iPad Android tablet PC (Google Chrome) iPad / iPhone Android tablet / smart phone PC (multi browser) Tamura, Shunsaku. Goal of “Let’s study with ELECTRONICAL books”. in Tokyo, Keio Univ. March 20, 2014. https://docs.google.com/file/d/0BxjZAhdZPFjAZG1uMEVGYmdIeEE/edit?pli=1 [in Japanese]
  43. 43. Key Findings (2014) -1 C-2.What kind of eBooks would you like to borrow from library? 44 1. textbook, primer 2. dictionary, encyclopedia, law reports 3. scholarly book (major) 4. scholarly book (other subject) 5. photo book (architecture, travel, cook) 6. heavy books 7. every kind of books 8. others Kato, Junichi. Report on “Let’s study with ELECTRONICAL books”. Tokyo, Keio Univ. March 20, 2014. https://docs.google.com/file/d/0BxjZAhdZPFjAVHV4Z1F3ZGVxRVk/edit?pli=1 [in Japanese]
  44. 44. Key Findings (2014) -2 D-2. Why would you select printed books or eBooks? n Printed books – write down! – preservation! – purchase! n eBooks – heavy books! – low usage frequency! – borrow ! 45 Kato, Junichi. Report on “Let’s study with ELECTRONICAL books”. Tokyo, Keio Univ. March 20, 2014. https://docs.google.com/file/d/0BxjZAhdZPFjAVHV4Z1F3ZGVxRVk/edit?pli=1 [in Japanese]
  45. 45. BookLooper (June 2014-) publishers aggregation scholarly publications records search OPAC / discovery service students / researchers Digital Library Service for Academic Libraries Maruzen and KMSI will launch the digital library service for academic Libraries. 14 May, 2014. http://www.kmsi.co.jp/press/2014-05-14.html [in Japanese]
  46. 46. Usability +++ 47
  47. 47. “Ukiyoe Collection” in Digital Gallery of Rare Books Special Collections. Keio University Conclusion
  48. 48. Challenging points 1. More access use – Discovery Service! 2. More eBooks in Japanese – Learning eResource! 3. More efficient eBook system – Scholarly eBook Project 49
  49. 49. And more…? 50
  50. 50. 51 Thank you for your attention! Ui Ikeuchi Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies oui@slis.tsukuba.ac.jp / ikeuchi.ui@gmail.com http://oui-oui.jp

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