Chapter Seven SEXUALITY IN ADULTHOOD
Sexuality in Adulthood Mature sexual expression Sexual orientation is determined Integrate sexuality and relationships...
Developmental Concerns Establishing sexual orientation Integrating love and sex Forging intimacy and making commitments...
Establishing Sexual Orientation Understanding your sexual orientation Accepting your sexual orientation It may be diffi...
Statistics on Sexual Orientation Difficult to obtain reliable statistics vs. estimates due  to stigma 10% women report l...
The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Identity Process     Takes time and includes several phases     Homoeroticism     Fear or susp...
The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Identity Process—            Additional Phases   First same-sex love affair, marking commitment ...
Being Single Greater sexual experience Widespread acceptance of cohabitation Unintended pregnancies Increased numbers ...
The College Environment College dating is different from high school dating How so?   Sexuality relates to self identit...
The Singles World Ages 25-40 Emphasize recreation and entertainment Challenge to meet potential partners Sexual experi...
Cohabitation 2000 census: over 10 million unmarried couples    were reported   1 in 4 women and 3 in 10 men   New norm...
Cohabitation: Advantages Financial Egalitarian roles Affirmation of relationship Domestic partner benefits
Cohabitation: Disadvantages Parental non-acceptance Financial issues tied to parental support or credit Reproduction E...
Cohabitation: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual                   Couples One in 9 couples cohabitating were same sex in  2000 Stat...
Cohabitation: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Issues Stigma of casual relationships   Marriage is not available   Non-exclusive ...
Sexuality in Middle Adulthood:           Developmental Concerns Redefining sex in marital or other long-term  relationshi...
Marital Sexuality Frequency of sexual interactions   May occur more frequently with sanction of marriage   May decrease...
Marital Sexuality   The moral and social sanction of sex within marriage can    affect sex life     Sexual intercourse t...
Divorce and After Post-divorce singlehood is a relatively new phenomenon    In 2000, 10% of men and 13% of women were ei...
Consequences of Divorce Stigmatization Change of income Higher incidence of physical and emotional problems Significan...
Dating Again Engaging in sexual behavior with someone following separation is significant    Helps people accept their s...
Single Parenting 31% of families are headed by single parents Single parents not often part of the “singles world” Pres...
Sexuality in Late Adulthood: Developmental                 Concerns  Biological changes    Changing with physical abilit...
Stereotypes of Aging Thought of as a lonely and depressing time Sexuality of older Americans tends to be invisible Sexu...
Sexuality and Aging The emotional, sensual, and relationship aspects of  sexuality are enjoyed regardless of age Sexual ...
AARP 2005 Survey 1/3 of respondents report having sexual intercourse    weekly   Majority agreed emphasis on sex is exce...
Women’s Issues Change in fertility Menstruation loss Menopausal symptoms   Hot flashes   Loss of bone mass   Changes...
Differences Women Report             Pre- and Post-Menopause Majority report sexual activity and rate sexual activity  as...
Men’s Issues Male climacteric: Age 40 to 60 Less than 20% report difficulty with erection Slower sexual responses may b...
Summary Early adulthood Middle adulthood Late adulthood
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  • Strong6 ppt ch07

    1. 1. Chapter Seven SEXUALITY IN ADULTHOOD
    2. 2. Sexuality in Adulthood Mature sexual expression Sexual orientation is determined Integrate sexuality and relationships Establish personal sexual philosophy Changes occur as we age Health issues change
    3. 3. Developmental Concerns Establishing sexual orientation Integrating love and sex Forging intimacy and making commitments Making fertility/childbearing decisions Practicing safer sex Evolving a sexual philosophy
    4. 4. Establishing Sexual Orientation Understanding your sexual orientation Accepting your sexual orientation It may be difficult
    5. 5. Statistics on Sexual Orientation Difficult to obtain reliable statistics vs. estimates due to stigma 10% women report lesbian orientation 4% men report gay or bisexual orientation A great deal of experiential diversity is reported
    6. 6. The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Identity Process Takes time and includes several phases Homoeroticism Fear or suspicion about being different Labels feelings of desire, attraction, and love as “gay” or “lesbian” Self-definition as gay, lesbian, or bisexual
    7. 7. The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Identity Process— Additional Phases First same-sex love affair, marking commitment to unifying sexuality and affection Becoming involved in gay/lesbian/bisexual culture Coming out Internalized homophobia
    8. 8. Being Single Greater sexual experience Widespread acceptance of cohabitation Unintended pregnancies Increased numbers of abortions and births to single women Greater numbers of separated and divorced single men and women A rise in the number of single-parent families
    9. 9. The College Environment College dating is different from high school dating How so?  Sexuality relates to self identity  Moral standards tied to behavior  Liberating atmosphere for gay, lesbian, and bisexual students
    10. 10. The Singles World Ages 25-40 Emphasize recreation and entertainment Challenge to meet potential partners Sexual experimentation Gay, lesbian, bisexual businesses and neighborhoods promote acceptance Ethnic and religion expectations can pose special challenges
    11. 11. Cohabitation 2000 census: over 10 million unmarried couples were reported 1 in 4 women and 3 in 10 men New norm Domestic partnership Serial monogamy
    12. 12. Cohabitation: Advantages Financial Egalitarian roles Affirmation of relationship Domestic partner benefits
    13. 13. Cohabitation: Disadvantages Parental non-acceptance Financial issues tied to parental support or credit Reproduction Extra relational sex Increased likelihood of divorce after marriage
    14. 14. Cohabitation: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Couples One in 9 couples cohabitating were same sex in 2000 States are currently dealing with legal forms of union for same sex couples
    15. 15. Cohabitation: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Issues Stigma of casual relationships  Marriage is not available  Non-exclusive sexuality  Devaluing love Non-traditional gender roles Societal hostility
    16. 16. Sexuality in Middle Adulthood: Developmental Concerns Redefining sex in marital or other long-term relationships Reevaluating one’s sexuality Accepting the biological aging process
    17. 17. Marital Sexuality Frequency of sexual interactions  May occur more frequently with sanction of marriage  May decrease the longer a couple is together Sexual satisfaction and pleasure are reported more commonly in married couples
    18. 18. Marital Sexuality The moral and social sanction of sex within marriage can affect sex life  Sexual intercourse tends to decrease in frequency the longer a couple is married  Decreased frequency does not indicate decreased importance or enjoyment  Fatigue and lack of private time are important factors Sexual satisfaction and pleasure are higher in marriage than in singlehood
    19. 19. Divorce and After Post-divorce singlehood is a relatively new phenomenon  In 2000, 10% of men and 13% of women were either separated or divorced  Scholars suggest that divorce represents an idealization of marriage  Higher expectations lead to higher failure rates  The permanence of marriage is no longer widely upheld
    20. 20. Consequences of Divorce Stigmatization Change of income Higher incidence of physical and emotional problems Significantly more problems with children Children of one parent families may have special issues
    21. 21. Dating Again Engaging in sexual behavior with someone following separation is significant  Helps people accept their single status  Freedom of expression Dating is more focused and less leisurely
    22. 22. Single Parenting 31% of families are headed by single parents Single parents not often part of the “singles world” Presence of children affects divorced women’s sexual activity
    23. 23. Sexuality in Late Adulthood: Developmental Concerns  Biological changes  Changing with physical abilities  Changes in sexual response  Availability of a partner  Spousal loss  Monotony  Psychological influences  Psychological influences
    24. 24. Stereotypes of Aging Thought of as a lonely and depressing time Sexuality of older Americans tends to be invisible Sexuality is defined by activities of younger participants Emotional, sensual, and relational aspects is not readily recognized
    25. 25. Sexuality and Aging The emotional, sensual, and relationship aspects of sexuality are enjoyed regardless of age Sexual activities occur in aging population Health can affect sexual habits Medical definition of sexual practices
    26. 26. AARP 2005 Survey 1/3 of respondents report having sexual intercourse weekly Majority agreed emphasis on sex is excessive 2/3 discuss sexual satisfaction Health influences sexual satisfaction Many have identified issues to increase satisfaction
    27. 27. Women’s Issues Change in fertility Menstruation loss Menopausal symptoms  Hot flashes  Loss of bone mass  Changes in vagina
    28. 28. Differences Women Report Pre- and Post-Menopause Majority report sexual activity and rate sexual activity as important Over one third report decreased desire but not decreased satisfaction 20% report sex may be painful Ethnic differences for sexual activity were not found
    29. 29. Men’s Issues Male climacteric: Age 40 to 60 Less than 20% report difficulty with erection Slower sexual responses may be reported Slower responses are not related to ability to give or receive pleasure
    30. 30. Summary Early adulthood Middle adulthood Late adulthood

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