CHOOSING THE RIGHT POLICIES• POLICIES TO REDUCE GAPS IN HEALTH AND EDUCATION• POLICIES TO IMPROVE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES• POLICIES TO IMPROVE WOMEN’S AGENCY
ENABLING POLICY IMPLEMENTATION• Characteristics of gender reforms: 1. Redistribution of resources 2. Challenge to societal norms
POLITICAL ECONOMIC ISSUES• Building coalitions• Commitment to gender equality• Dislocations• Multiple paths for reformation 1.Incremental 2.Transformative
PUBLIC GENDER FOR EQUALITY•Policies to reduce gaps in health and education•Policies to improve economic opportunity
POLICIES TO IMPROVE WOMEN’SAGENCY Increasing women’s societal voice• Respect in society• Quota’s in corporate Political representation• Quota’s in politics Enhancing women’s voice withinhouseholds• The muted voice of women within theirhouseholds reflects the combined influence oftheir access to economic opportunities.
AVOIDING THE REPRODUCTION OF GENDER INEQUALITIES ACROSS GENERATIONS FOR ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
•Improving education and health outcomes•Enhancing access to economic opportunities•Helping adolescents make smartreproductive decisions
MAKING GENDER-SMARTPOLICIES: FOCUSING “GENDER MAINSTREAMING”
Dealing with gender-differentiated marketfailures - What you don’t know can hurt others. - It’s not only who you know, it’s how manyyou know: Building women’s networks.Levelling the playing field -Addressing discrimination in laws andregulations. -Making existing laws and regulations workbetter for women: Improving enforcement. -Better access to services.
Paying attention to norms -Recognizing women’s care duties. -Taking account of the allocation of resources within the household.
The Political Economy of Gender Reform•Women have access to more endowments & moreeconomic opportunities•Women’s participation in community meetings holdingauthority position in today’s era•Caste, ethnic, religious politics, gender were major hurdlesfaced by women empowerment•33% parliament seats reserved for women in India
•Mckinsey research for increasing women’sparticipation in their workforce, management andboardrooms were• Create transparency through gender diversity,knowledge and performance indicator• Implement measures to facilitate work-life balance• Adapt the human resources management process• Help women master the dominant social codes andnurture their ambition.