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In this era of Digitization and Automation, the life of human beings is getting simpler as almost everything is automatic, replacing the old manual systems. Nowadays humans have made internet an integral part of their everyday life without which they are helpless. Internet of things IOT provides a platform that allows devices to connect, sensed and controlled remotely across a network infrastructure. Our project basically focuses on Laboratory automation using smart phone and computer. The IOT devices controls and monitors the electronic electrical and the mechanical systems used in various types of buildings. The devices connected to the cloud server are controlled by a single admin which facilitate a number of users to which a number of sensor and control nodes are connected. The system designed is economical and can be expanded as it allows connection and controlling of a number of different devices. Deepak Adhav | Rahul Pagar | Ravi Sonawane | Sachin Tawade ""Smart Laboratory"" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3 , April 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd22840.pdf Paper URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/22840/smart-laboratory/deepak-adhav

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)
Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 - 6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 504
Smart Laboratory
Deepak Adhav, Rahul Pagar, Ravi Sonawane, Sachin Tawade
Department of Computer Engineering, MET’s Institute of Engineering, Nashik, Maharashtra, India
How to cite this paper: Deepak Adhav |
Rahul Pagar | Ravi Sonawane | Sachin
Tawade "Smart Laboratory" Published
in International Journal of Trend in
Scientific Research and Development
(ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-
6470, Volume-3 |
Issue-3, April 2019,
pp.504-509, URL:
http://www.ijtsrd.co
m/papers/ijtsrd228
40.pdf
Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and
International Journal of Trend in
Scientific Research and Development
Journal. This is an Open Access article
distributed under the terms of the
Creative Commons Attribution License
(CC BY 4.0)
(http://creativeco
mmons.org/license
s/by/4.0)
ABSTRACT
In this era of Digitization and Automation, the life of human beings is getting
simpler as almost everything is automatic, replacing the old manual systems.
Nowadays humans have made internet an integral part of their everyday life
without which they are helpless.Internetof things(IOT) providesaplatform that
allows devices to connect, sensed and controlled remotely across a network
infrastructure. Our project basically focuses on Laboratory automation using
smart phone and computer. The IOT devices controls and monitors the
electronic electrical and the mechanical systems used in various types of
buildings. The devices connected to the cloud server are controlled by a single
admin which facilitate a number of users to which a number of sensor and
control nodes are connected. The system designed is economical and can be
expanded as it allows connection and controlling of a number of different
devices.
KEYWORDS: Internet of Things, automate lab components, save energy, face
recognition
1. INTRODUCTION
This section describes the term IOT and introduces the
concept of IOT Technology. It also gives the overview of the
Smart Laboratory which describes the deliverables of the
project.
1.1 Overview
The Internet of Things is connecting everyday objects
intelligently to the Internet to enable communication
between things and people, and between things themselves.
The devices can be any physical objects like smart-phones,
Internet TVs, sensors and actuators [1]. For the objects to
collect and exchange data electronics, software, sensorsand
network connectivity is embedded into them. This
technology has endless possibilities and in night
applications. Everyday devices are made smart andintuitive
and by enabling them to share data intelligently they can be
used to improve people’s lives. It can be used to provide
better personal safety, monitor health, save time and make
better use of our natural resources. IOT has made a huge
impact in the way people live, work and communicate.
Internet of Things (IoT) deals with billions of intelligent
objects which would be connected to sense collect the data
and also communicate with surrounding people using
mobile, wireless and sensor technologies. Main objective of
IoT is to manage and control physical objects around us in a
more intelligent and meaningful manner [1] and also
improve quality of life by providing cost effective living
including safety, security and entertainment. Smart objects
gather useful contextual data autonomously and send to
remote application servers for offering context aware or
location-based services. The word “context” can refer to any
location information, surrounding environment, people
objects that are nearby etc. so that adaptive and
personalized services can be provided to the user. Among
many IoT applications, smart homes play an important role
in realizing smart cities. Smart homes can be used for
remotely monitoring and controlling electrical appliances.
Fitted inside the home using smart intelligent physical
infrastructure. The present Government of India (GoI) has
proposed to develop 1OO smart cities [3] across the country
which will create a huge demand forsmarthome automation
solutions in near future. In “Smart Home” the word “Smart
Home” means context aware which can be realized using
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and IoT.
Laboratory As shown in Figure 1.1, In this project we are
going to build system which automate various laboratory
component. System will provide the remotecontrolof lights,
fans, window curtain and door lock/unlock depend upon
person presence. The System is managed to change
environment on basis of the data provided by sensor. This
system will reduce human effort formaintaininglaband also
save energy.
IJTSRD22840
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 505
2. Literature Survey
In this section we will see the various studies and research
conducted in order to identify the current scenarios and
trends in Home Automation and also introduce motion Base
detection.
2.1 Automation technique with Raspberry Pi using
IoT
Sensors and Systems present a proposed system for Smart
Home Automation technique with Raspberry Pi using IoT
and it is done by integrating cameras and motion sensors
into a web application. To design this system,theyhaveused
a Raspberry Pi module with ComputerVisiontechniques [1].
Using this, we can control home appliances connected
through a monitor-based internet. Raspberry Pi operates
and controls motion sensors and video cameras for sensing
and surveillance. For instance, it captures intruder’sidentity
and detects its presence using simple Computer Vision
Technique (CVT). Whenever motionisdetected, the cameras
will start recording and RaspberryPidevicealertstheowner
through an alarm call [1].
2.2 Local Networking or by Remote control
Home automation is becoming more and more popular day
by day due to its numerous advantages. This can beachieved
by local networking or by remote control. There paper aims
at designing a basic home automation application on
Raspberry Pi through reading the subject of the algorithm
for the same has been developed in python environment
which is the default programming environment provided by
Raspberry Pi. Results show the efficient implementation of
proposed algorithm for home automation. LEDs were used
to indicate the switching action [2].
2.3 Reduction in Cost and Power supply of wireless
system
Given the reduction in cost and power supply of wireless
systems along with the increasing demand for conserving
energy when controlling consumer electronics and home
appliances, smart home automation systems are more
popular than ever before. A home automation system
designed for reducing electricity consumptiontypicallyuses
different sensors located in different areas of the house that
communicate with a process unit to control the lights, HVAC
system, consumer electronics, etc., so that the process unit
turns these systems on only when needed [3].
3. Problem Definition
To implement a smart Laboratory system using Internet of
things that is capable of controlling and automating
laboratory component and environment through an easy
manageable web interface.
3.1 Need of Automation
Automation is the technology by which a process or
procedure is performedwith minimumhuman assistance [1]
Automation [2] or automatic control is the use of various
control systems for operating equipmentsuch asmachinery,
processes in factories, boilers and heat-treating ovens,
switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization
of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with
minimal or reduced human intervention. In industry there
are very huge labs having hundreds or thousands of
computers and some other electronic components such as
Fans or AC's, Lights etc. to control them requires much
human efforts, sometime unnecessarily some devices geton
because of that energy get lost.
3.2 Basic Concept
Lab automation is building automation for a lab, called a
smart lab. A lab automationsystemwillcontrol lighting,fans,
curtains, and other appliances. It may also include lab
security such as access control and alarm systems. When
connected with the Internet, lab devices are an important
constituent of the Internet of Things.
4. Analysis
In this section we describe the project plan adopted and
determines the requirement analysis.
4.1 Project Plan
The following Table 4.1 describes the project Analysis. It
compares normal lab with smart lab. Following formula is
considered for analysis:
Energy = Power * Time
1 KWh = 1 Unit = Rs 5
5. Design
In this Section describes the System Requirement
Specification (SRS) to be implemented for Smart Laboratory
system. It also explains the architecture of the system and
external interface requirements. We have also describedthe
Risk assessment strategy and the Data Flow Diagram which
explains the ow of the project.
5.1 Software Requirement Specifications
The Software Requirement Specificationdescribesthescope
of the project, operating environment, user characteristics,
design and constraints. It also elaborates the system
architecture of the Smart Laboratory system.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 506
5.1.1 Project Scope
Internet of Things (IoT) is creating an environment of
convergence in the society. This technology environment
brings a paradigm shift in our professional and personal life.
As a connected environment, IoT adds customer value and
loyalty. Today, IoT is being implemented everywhere which
is of human concern like smart city, smart environment,
security, smart business process, smart agriculture, home
automation and health care [3].
Now a days, automation plays a crucial role in all work
places and living homes. Presently automation techniques
are implemented either using micro-controllerorcomputer.
The Raspberry Pi is a single board computer and it can be
used to overcome these problems. Simply, the Raspberry Pi
system functions like a computer with small setup as shown
in Fig. 5.1. It contains GPIO and USB ports. Using these ports,
we can control the appliances with the sensors as well as
interface the camera for surveillance. Raspberry Pi can be
used for multiple purposes based on our requirement.
5.1.2 Operating Environment
We propose a System which will automate lab environment
that will reduce human effort as well as time ultimately save
energy consumption. Furthermore, this system has facilities
remote control all features.
5.1.3 User Classes and Characteristics
The user who is going to operate the system should have the
good Internet connection to control remotely the
application.
5.1.4 Face Detection using Open CV
With improving technology security is important things in
industrial lab, there already system to unlock door using
fingerprint scanner but itnotsecureseasilyhack-able. So, we
going to use face detection to unlock door.
5.2 System Architecture
In the smart laboratory system, there are the various
hardware platforms available as shown below. The
embedded board connect to various sensor which takes
input from surrounding environment. The output data of
various sensor will analyze by our software running on
embedded board in our case it is a raspberry pi. Depending
upon sensor output the actuation will perform.
This System comprises a set of sensors that manages
laboratory real-time environmental condition, camera
module that provides face authentication, PIR sensor which
detect motion of object, LDR sensor detect intensity of light,
DHT11 sensor which detect temperature and humidity also
there are fire sensor for fire detection and air sensor for air
quality monitoring.
There will be web application to controller smartlaboratory
system which can able to access on mobile phone as well as
computer system.
5.3 External Interface Requirement
5.3.1 User Interfaces
Desktop Application: Using the desktop application the end
user will be able to controller smart laboratory system.
5.3.2 Hardware Interfaces
Raspberry Pi:
The Raspberry pi is embedded board.Itis amaincomponent
in whole system it like "Brain" of our system.
SD card:
The SD card is the Pi's "hard drive", so everything is stored
on it, the OS, applications, games, and your data. So yes, it
needs to be inserted if you want the Pi to boot up.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 507
5.3.3 Communication Interfaces
The Raspberry PI supports all of these protocols and
interfaces. The easies will probably be I2C, and SPI, then
UART Serial.
5.4 Software System Attribute
Reliability:
The Lab Automation system built using the IOT should
ensure that the SD card is mounted on RPi. Internet facility
must be available for controlling the elements remotely.
Availability:
The Lab Automation systemshallbeavailable andrunningin
a stable state at all times.
Maintainability:
The Lab Automation system shall be available to the
developers for developing and adding more features.
Portability:
The Lab Automation system can be transfer from one lab to
another lab.
6. Modeling
This section includes the modeling technique which
describes the smart laboratory system. It also describes the
functionality of the different features of the lab automation
system.
6.1 Class Diagram
The class diagram shows the building blocks of any object-
oriented system. Class diagram depicts a static view of the
model or part of the model, describing what attributes and
behavior it has rather that the detailing the methods of
achieving operations. Class diagrams are most useful in
illustrating relationships between classes and interfaces.
Generalizations, aggregations, and associations are all
valuable in reacting interface, composition or usage and
connections receptively. The Figure 6.1 illustrates
aggregation relationships between classes. The lighter
aggregation indicates that the class Object Explorer used
Thumbnail, but does not necessarily containan instanceof it.
The strong, composite aggregations by the other connectors
indicate ownership or containment of the source classes by
the target.
class Business Process Model
Controller
- alert_msg: string
- command: string
+ airQuality() : void
+ curtainsOnOff() : void
+ fanControlling() : void
+ fireDetection() : void
+ lightControll ing() : void
+ personAuthentication() : void
+ tempHumidity() : void
Light
- status: on, off
+ off() : void
+ on() : void
Fan
- status: on, off
+ off() : void
+ on() : void
FireSensor
- fireDetected: boolean
+ alarm() : void
AirSensor
- airQuality: good, bad
+ notifyAdmi n() : void
Curtains
- status: on, off
+ curtainsOnOff() : void
Authentication
- authenticate: boolean
+ door() : void
Figure 6.1: Class Diagram
7. Implementation and Results
This section consistsof thevariousimplementationdetailsof
smart laboratory system as per its methodology.
7.1 Implementation Details
This section describes the various features of the smart
laboratory system and also describes the implementation
methods. Following are some of the features explained with
their implementation details:
Unlock the Door Using Facial Recognition:
The Multilingual feature is one of the most important
features provided by the framework. The framework
provides support for the Hindi language along with
English; which is a primary language. The framework
can provide support for morelanguagesifrequired.This
is implemented using the language packs of the
respective language. Using the Language button on the
transparent bar the user can switch between the
languages. The user input is recorded in a text _le and
depending upon theuserlanguageselectionthetypeface
of the content titles is changed. The content like theory
animations also can be changed torespectivelanguageif
recorded in that language.
Light Controlling Mechanism:
This mechanismautomatingthelightcontrollingsystem,
in which a person enters in the lab the PIR sensor
detects the motion of object(person) and sends the
signal to Rpi. According to the output of PIR sensor that
is if PIR sensor gives high output (i.e. personisdetected)
then next module will called that is LDR sensor. It will
check present intensity level if present intensity level is
below the threshold value then light will be going to
turn ON otherwise lights will remain turn OFF.
Fan/AC Controlling Mechanism:
This mechanism will automate the manual procedureof
controlling fan or AC. In this mechanism when person
enters in lab it gets detected by PIR sensor, according to
the PIR sensor signals next module will called. If PIR
send high signal then Rpi checks the temperature of the
lab by DHT11 sensor. If DHT11 sends value of
temperature abovethethreshold valuethenFans/Acget
turn ON otherwise it remains turn OFF.
Fire Detection Mechanism: In this mechanism Rpi
detects the fire by using sensor. If fire is detected buzzer
will on by Rpi.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 508
Real Time Air Quality Mechanism: ThesensorMQ135
(Carbon Dioxide Sensor) will sense the Air Quality and
send the information to Rpi. Rpi will generatethe report
and send it to the admin.
Curtains Opening Closing Mechanism: In this
mechanism there are two servomotors connectedtothe
curtains. Admin has options to ON and OFF the curtains.
Web Interface Manually:
7.2 Summary
In this we discussed the implementation details of theSmart
Laboratory System and also the implementation of various
features included in the system. We also saw the results in
the form of snapshots of the Smart Laboratory System.
8. Technical Specifications
8.1 Advantages
This system will save energy.
System will provide security, to enter in laboratoryuses
facial recognition with authentication mechanism.
This system will provide low cost design for the
laboratory, system reduces human effort for
maintaining lab.
8.2 Limitations
System required continues power supply.
Internet required for remote access.
8.3 Applications
This system can be used in following areas:
Home Automation.
To automate the huge Industrial Labs.
8.3.1 Hardware Requirements
Raspberry Pi
PIR Sensor (Motion Detector)
DHT11 Sensor (Temperature and Humidity)
MQ135 Sensor (Air Quality)
Relay
Smoke Detector Sensor
8.3.2 Software Requirements
Python
OpenCV
Atom Editor
9. Future Scope
The project Lab Automation system is useful in lab
automation scenario using IOT. Although we tried to deliver
a project that meets the present requirements of the
Automation but there are endless future possibilities. Some
are listed below:
We can use calendar to set task on day, an Artificial
Intelligence application will monitor all task. For
example, lab admin can set holiday in calendar so that
day all system will shut down.
This project will provide solution at low cost to
automation problem.
Lab Automation system will have a future where
developers will be able to add their own features.
10. Glossary
IoT:
Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem of connected
physical objects that are accessiblethrough theinternet.
RPi:
The Raspberry Pi is a low cost, credit-card sized
computer that plugs into a computer monitoror TV,and
uses a standard keyboard and mouse.
Computer Vision:
Computer vision is a field of computer science that
works on enabling computers to see, identify and
process images in the same way that humanvisiondoes,
and then provide appropriate output.
Python:
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level
programming language with dynamic semantics. Its
high-level built in data structures, combined with
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 509
dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very
attractive for Rapid Application Development,as well as
for use as a scripting or glue language to connect
existing components together.
Open CV:
Open CV (Open Source Computer Vision Library) is an
open source computer vision and machine learning
software library. Open CV was built to provide a
common infrastructureforcomputer visionapplications
and to accelerate the use of machine perception in the
commercial products.
Atom Editor:
Atom is a free and open-source text and source code
editor for macOS, Linux, and Microsoft Windows with
support for plug-ins written in Node.js, and embedded
Git Control, developed by GitHub.
11. Conclusion
Now days things are getting automated. Need of automation
increasing day by day. Adding some 'smarter' components
brings more flexible control. A Smart Laboratory that uses
internet-connected devices to enablethe remotemonitoring
and management of appliancesand systems,such aslighting.
By considering this need our project automating the events
in laboratory. Our Project will save the energy as the
components remains turn of if there is no one in lab. Saving
energy is directly proportional to the cost. Themain purpose
of our system is to reduce human efforts. We are providing
face recognition to authenticate the person, so that security
is maintained. There is also a manual mode by which events
can manage by manually.
12. Bibliography
[1] A Smart Home AutomationTechnique withRaspberryPi
using IoT: Vamsikrishna Patchava,HariBabu Kandala,,P
Ravi Babu, 2015
[2] Raspberry Pi based Interactive Home Automation
System through app:Sarthak Jain,AnantVaibhav,Lovely
Goyal, 2014.
[3] Optimization of Home Automation Systems Based on
Human Motion and Behaviour: Taha Mehrabi, Alan S.
Fung, and Kaamran Raahemifar, 2014.

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Smart Laboratory

  • 1. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 - 6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 504 Smart Laboratory Deepak Adhav, Rahul Pagar, Ravi Sonawane, Sachin Tawade Department of Computer Engineering, MET’s Institute of Engineering, Nashik, Maharashtra, India How to cite this paper: Deepak Adhav | Rahul Pagar | Ravi Sonawane | Sachin Tawade "Smart Laboratory" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456- 6470, Volume-3 | Issue-3, April 2019, pp.504-509, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.co m/papers/ijtsrd228 40.pdf Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development Journal. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativeco mmons.org/license s/by/4.0) ABSTRACT In this era of Digitization and Automation, the life of human beings is getting simpler as almost everything is automatic, replacing the old manual systems. Nowadays humans have made internet an integral part of their everyday life without which they are helpless.Internetof things(IOT) providesaplatform that allows devices to connect, sensed and controlled remotely across a network infrastructure. Our project basically focuses on Laboratory automation using smart phone and computer. The IOT devices controls and monitors the electronic electrical and the mechanical systems used in various types of buildings. The devices connected to the cloud server are controlled by a single admin which facilitate a number of users to which a number of sensor and control nodes are connected. The system designed is economical and can be expanded as it allows connection and controlling of a number of different devices. KEYWORDS: Internet of Things, automate lab components, save energy, face recognition 1. INTRODUCTION This section describes the term IOT and introduces the concept of IOT Technology. It also gives the overview of the Smart Laboratory which describes the deliverables of the project. 1.1 Overview The Internet of Things is connecting everyday objects intelligently to the Internet to enable communication between things and people, and between things themselves. The devices can be any physical objects like smart-phones, Internet TVs, sensors and actuators [1]. For the objects to collect and exchange data electronics, software, sensorsand network connectivity is embedded into them. This technology has endless possibilities and in night applications. Everyday devices are made smart andintuitive and by enabling them to share data intelligently they can be used to improve people’s lives. It can be used to provide better personal safety, monitor health, save time and make better use of our natural resources. IOT has made a huge impact in the way people live, work and communicate. Internet of Things (IoT) deals with billions of intelligent objects which would be connected to sense collect the data and also communicate with surrounding people using mobile, wireless and sensor technologies. Main objective of IoT is to manage and control physical objects around us in a more intelligent and meaningful manner [1] and also improve quality of life by providing cost effective living including safety, security and entertainment. Smart objects gather useful contextual data autonomously and send to remote application servers for offering context aware or location-based services. The word “context” can refer to any location information, surrounding environment, people objects that are nearby etc. so that adaptive and personalized services can be provided to the user. Among many IoT applications, smart homes play an important role in realizing smart cities. Smart homes can be used for remotely monitoring and controlling electrical appliances. Fitted inside the home using smart intelligent physical infrastructure. The present Government of India (GoI) has proposed to develop 1OO smart cities [3] across the country which will create a huge demand forsmarthome automation solutions in near future. In “Smart Home” the word “Smart Home” means context aware which can be realized using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and IoT. Laboratory As shown in Figure 1.1, In this project we are going to build system which automate various laboratory component. System will provide the remotecontrolof lights, fans, window curtain and door lock/unlock depend upon person presence. The System is managed to change environment on basis of the data provided by sensor. This system will reduce human effort formaintaininglaband also save energy. IJTSRD22840
  • 2. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 505 2. Literature Survey In this section we will see the various studies and research conducted in order to identify the current scenarios and trends in Home Automation and also introduce motion Base detection. 2.1 Automation technique with Raspberry Pi using IoT Sensors and Systems present a proposed system for Smart Home Automation technique with Raspberry Pi using IoT and it is done by integrating cameras and motion sensors into a web application. To design this system,theyhaveused a Raspberry Pi module with ComputerVisiontechniques [1]. Using this, we can control home appliances connected through a monitor-based internet. Raspberry Pi operates and controls motion sensors and video cameras for sensing and surveillance. For instance, it captures intruder’sidentity and detects its presence using simple Computer Vision Technique (CVT). Whenever motionisdetected, the cameras will start recording and RaspberryPidevicealertstheowner through an alarm call [1]. 2.2 Local Networking or by Remote control Home automation is becoming more and more popular day by day due to its numerous advantages. This can beachieved by local networking or by remote control. There paper aims at designing a basic home automation application on Raspberry Pi through reading the subject of the algorithm for the same has been developed in python environment which is the default programming environment provided by Raspberry Pi. Results show the efficient implementation of proposed algorithm for home automation. LEDs were used to indicate the switching action [2]. 2.3 Reduction in Cost and Power supply of wireless system Given the reduction in cost and power supply of wireless systems along with the increasing demand for conserving energy when controlling consumer electronics and home appliances, smart home automation systems are more popular than ever before. A home automation system designed for reducing electricity consumptiontypicallyuses different sensors located in different areas of the house that communicate with a process unit to control the lights, HVAC system, consumer electronics, etc., so that the process unit turns these systems on only when needed [3]. 3. Problem Definition To implement a smart Laboratory system using Internet of things that is capable of controlling and automating laboratory component and environment through an easy manageable web interface. 3.1 Need of Automation Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performedwith minimumhuman assistance [1] Automation [2] or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipmentsuch asmachinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat-treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention. In industry there are very huge labs having hundreds or thousands of computers and some other electronic components such as Fans or AC's, Lights etc. to control them requires much human efforts, sometime unnecessarily some devices geton because of that energy get lost. 3.2 Basic Concept Lab automation is building automation for a lab, called a smart lab. A lab automationsystemwillcontrol lighting,fans, curtains, and other appliances. It may also include lab security such as access control and alarm systems. When connected with the Internet, lab devices are an important constituent of the Internet of Things. 4. Analysis In this section we describe the project plan adopted and determines the requirement analysis. 4.1 Project Plan The following Table 4.1 describes the project Analysis. It compares normal lab with smart lab. Following formula is considered for analysis: Energy = Power * Time 1 KWh = 1 Unit = Rs 5 5. Design In this Section describes the System Requirement Specification (SRS) to be implemented for Smart Laboratory system. It also explains the architecture of the system and external interface requirements. We have also describedthe Risk assessment strategy and the Data Flow Diagram which explains the ow of the project. 5.1 Software Requirement Specifications The Software Requirement Specificationdescribesthescope of the project, operating environment, user characteristics, design and constraints. It also elaborates the system architecture of the Smart Laboratory system.
  • 3. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 506 5.1.1 Project Scope Internet of Things (IoT) is creating an environment of convergence in the society. This technology environment brings a paradigm shift in our professional and personal life. As a connected environment, IoT adds customer value and loyalty. Today, IoT is being implemented everywhere which is of human concern like smart city, smart environment, security, smart business process, smart agriculture, home automation and health care [3]. Now a days, automation plays a crucial role in all work places and living homes. Presently automation techniques are implemented either using micro-controllerorcomputer. The Raspberry Pi is a single board computer and it can be used to overcome these problems. Simply, the Raspberry Pi system functions like a computer with small setup as shown in Fig. 5.1. It contains GPIO and USB ports. Using these ports, we can control the appliances with the sensors as well as interface the camera for surveillance. Raspberry Pi can be used for multiple purposes based on our requirement. 5.1.2 Operating Environment We propose a System which will automate lab environment that will reduce human effort as well as time ultimately save energy consumption. Furthermore, this system has facilities remote control all features. 5.1.3 User Classes and Characteristics The user who is going to operate the system should have the good Internet connection to control remotely the application. 5.1.4 Face Detection using Open CV With improving technology security is important things in industrial lab, there already system to unlock door using fingerprint scanner but itnotsecureseasilyhack-able. So, we going to use face detection to unlock door. 5.2 System Architecture In the smart laboratory system, there are the various hardware platforms available as shown below. The embedded board connect to various sensor which takes input from surrounding environment. The output data of various sensor will analyze by our software running on embedded board in our case it is a raspberry pi. Depending upon sensor output the actuation will perform. This System comprises a set of sensors that manages laboratory real-time environmental condition, camera module that provides face authentication, PIR sensor which detect motion of object, LDR sensor detect intensity of light, DHT11 sensor which detect temperature and humidity also there are fire sensor for fire detection and air sensor for air quality monitoring. There will be web application to controller smartlaboratory system which can able to access on mobile phone as well as computer system. 5.3 External Interface Requirement 5.3.1 User Interfaces Desktop Application: Using the desktop application the end user will be able to controller smart laboratory system. 5.3.2 Hardware Interfaces Raspberry Pi: The Raspberry pi is embedded board.Itis amaincomponent in whole system it like "Brain" of our system. SD card: The SD card is the Pi's "hard drive", so everything is stored on it, the OS, applications, games, and your data. So yes, it needs to be inserted if you want the Pi to boot up.
  • 4. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 507 5.3.3 Communication Interfaces The Raspberry PI supports all of these protocols and interfaces. The easies will probably be I2C, and SPI, then UART Serial. 5.4 Software System Attribute Reliability: The Lab Automation system built using the IOT should ensure that the SD card is mounted on RPi. Internet facility must be available for controlling the elements remotely. Availability: The Lab Automation systemshallbeavailable andrunningin a stable state at all times. Maintainability: The Lab Automation system shall be available to the developers for developing and adding more features. Portability: The Lab Automation system can be transfer from one lab to another lab. 6. Modeling This section includes the modeling technique which describes the smart laboratory system. It also describes the functionality of the different features of the lab automation system. 6.1 Class Diagram The class diagram shows the building blocks of any object- oriented system. Class diagram depicts a static view of the model or part of the model, describing what attributes and behavior it has rather that the detailing the methods of achieving operations. Class diagrams are most useful in illustrating relationships between classes and interfaces. Generalizations, aggregations, and associations are all valuable in reacting interface, composition or usage and connections receptively. The Figure 6.1 illustrates aggregation relationships between classes. The lighter aggregation indicates that the class Object Explorer used Thumbnail, but does not necessarily containan instanceof it. The strong, composite aggregations by the other connectors indicate ownership or containment of the source classes by the target. class Business Process Model Controller - alert_msg: string - command: string + airQuality() : void + curtainsOnOff() : void + fanControlling() : void + fireDetection() : void + lightControll ing() : void + personAuthentication() : void + tempHumidity() : void Light - status: on, off + off() : void + on() : void Fan - status: on, off + off() : void + on() : void FireSensor - fireDetected: boolean + alarm() : void AirSensor - airQuality: good, bad + notifyAdmi n() : void Curtains - status: on, off + curtainsOnOff() : void Authentication - authenticate: boolean + door() : void Figure 6.1: Class Diagram 7. Implementation and Results This section consistsof thevariousimplementationdetailsof smart laboratory system as per its methodology. 7.1 Implementation Details This section describes the various features of the smart laboratory system and also describes the implementation methods. Following are some of the features explained with their implementation details: Unlock the Door Using Facial Recognition: The Multilingual feature is one of the most important features provided by the framework. The framework provides support for the Hindi language along with English; which is a primary language. The framework can provide support for morelanguagesifrequired.This is implemented using the language packs of the respective language. Using the Language button on the transparent bar the user can switch between the languages. The user input is recorded in a text _le and depending upon theuserlanguageselectionthetypeface of the content titles is changed. The content like theory animations also can be changed torespectivelanguageif recorded in that language. Light Controlling Mechanism: This mechanismautomatingthelightcontrollingsystem, in which a person enters in the lab the PIR sensor detects the motion of object(person) and sends the signal to Rpi. According to the output of PIR sensor that is if PIR sensor gives high output (i.e. personisdetected) then next module will called that is LDR sensor. It will check present intensity level if present intensity level is below the threshold value then light will be going to turn ON otherwise lights will remain turn OFF. Fan/AC Controlling Mechanism: This mechanism will automate the manual procedureof controlling fan or AC. In this mechanism when person enters in lab it gets detected by PIR sensor, according to the PIR sensor signals next module will called. If PIR send high signal then Rpi checks the temperature of the lab by DHT11 sensor. If DHT11 sends value of temperature abovethethreshold valuethenFans/Acget turn ON otherwise it remains turn OFF. Fire Detection Mechanism: In this mechanism Rpi detects the fire by using sensor. If fire is detected buzzer will on by Rpi.
  • 5. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 508 Real Time Air Quality Mechanism: ThesensorMQ135 (Carbon Dioxide Sensor) will sense the Air Quality and send the information to Rpi. Rpi will generatethe report and send it to the admin. Curtains Opening Closing Mechanism: In this mechanism there are two servomotors connectedtothe curtains. Admin has options to ON and OFF the curtains. Web Interface Manually: 7.2 Summary In this we discussed the implementation details of theSmart Laboratory System and also the implementation of various features included in the system. We also saw the results in the form of snapshots of the Smart Laboratory System. 8. Technical Specifications 8.1 Advantages This system will save energy. System will provide security, to enter in laboratoryuses facial recognition with authentication mechanism. This system will provide low cost design for the laboratory, system reduces human effort for maintaining lab. 8.2 Limitations System required continues power supply. Internet required for remote access. 8.3 Applications This system can be used in following areas: Home Automation. To automate the huge Industrial Labs. 8.3.1 Hardware Requirements Raspberry Pi PIR Sensor (Motion Detector) DHT11 Sensor (Temperature and Humidity) MQ135 Sensor (Air Quality) Relay Smoke Detector Sensor 8.3.2 Software Requirements Python OpenCV Atom Editor 9. Future Scope The project Lab Automation system is useful in lab automation scenario using IOT. Although we tried to deliver a project that meets the present requirements of the Automation but there are endless future possibilities. Some are listed below: We can use calendar to set task on day, an Artificial Intelligence application will monitor all task. For example, lab admin can set holiday in calendar so that day all system will shut down. This project will provide solution at low cost to automation problem. Lab Automation system will have a future where developers will be able to add their own features. 10. Glossary IoT: Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem of connected physical objects that are accessiblethrough theinternet. RPi: The Raspberry Pi is a low cost, credit-card sized computer that plugs into a computer monitoror TV,and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. Computer Vision: Computer vision is a field of computer science that works on enabling computers to see, identify and process images in the same way that humanvisiondoes, and then provide appropriate output. Python: Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. Its high-level built in data structures, combined with
  • 6. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470 @ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID - IJTSRD22840 | Volume – 3 | Issue – 3 | Mar-Apr 2019 Page: 509 dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very attractive for Rapid Application Development,as well as for use as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components together. Open CV: Open CV (Open Source Computer Vision Library) is an open source computer vision and machine learning software library. Open CV was built to provide a common infrastructureforcomputer visionapplications and to accelerate the use of machine perception in the commercial products. Atom Editor: Atom is a free and open-source text and source code editor for macOS, Linux, and Microsoft Windows with support for plug-ins written in Node.js, and embedded Git Control, developed by GitHub. 11. Conclusion Now days things are getting automated. Need of automation increasing day by day. Adding some 'smarter' components brings more flexible control. A Smart Laboratory that uses internet-connected devices to enablethe remotemonitoring and management of appliancesand systems,such aslighting. By considering this need our project automating the events in laboratory. Our Project will save the energy as the components remains turn of if there is no one in lab. Saving energy is directly proportional to the cost. Themain purpose of our system is to reduce human efforts. We are providing face recognition to authenticate the person, so that security is maintained. There is also a manual mode by which events can manage by manually. 12. Bibliography [1] A Smart Home AutomationTechnique withRaspberryPi using IoT: Vamsikrishna Patchava,HariBabu Kandala,,P Ravi Babu, 2015 [2] Raspberry Pi based Interactive Home Automation System through app:Sarthak Jain,AnantVaibhav,Lovely Goyal, 2014. [3] Optimization of Home Automation Systems Based on Human Motion and Behaviour: Taha Mehrabi, Alan S. Fung, and Kaamran Raahemifar, 2014.