US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515                                                                          ...
US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515        Cladocerans are fresh water zooplankton inhabiting all the niches ...
US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515upper lip labrum , rostrum beak like structure between antennules , post a...
US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515                                a)Phylum Arthropod b) Class : Branchiopod ...
US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515     water organism J Madurai univ supp 1:1:25.   Nayar C.K.G (1971) Clado...
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Study of cladocera species diversity with reference to chydoridae and bosmanidae family of nira left bank canal baramati & tarangawadi lake of indapur taluka district pune, india

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Study of cladocera species diversity with reference to chydoridae and bosmanidae family of nira left bank canal baramati & tarangawadi lake of indapur taluka district pune, india

  1. 1. US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515 ISSN:2249-5347 IJSID International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries An International peer Review Journal for Science Research Article Available online through www.ijsidonline.info STUDY OF CLADOCERA SPECIES DIVERSITY WITH REFERENCE TO CHYDORIDAE AND BOSMANIDAE FAMILY OF NIRA LEFT BANK CANAL BARAMATI & TARANGAWADI LAKE OF INDAPUR TALUKA DISTRICT PUNE, INDIA 1Shardabai Pawar Mahila College Shardanagar Baramati District Pune, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marthwada University U.S.Ghantaloo1* S.M.Kamble2 j.p.Sarwade3 Aurangabad, India; 2Post Graduate Zoology Department S.D.M.M. College Kalamb, India; 3Arts commerce & Science College Indapur, IndiaReceived: 11-10-2012 ABSTRACTAccepted: 17-11-2012 The present paper focuses on the study zooplankton diversity of cladocera Abstract species of Nira left bank canal and Tarangawadi lake of Indapur and Baramati region.*Corresponding Author cladocera are fresh water zooplankton inhabiting all the niches of fresh water bodies . The study of cladocera has being fascinating subject to the biologist. The water samples were collected between 8 am to 11am during the year Dec 2010 to Nov 2011. With The collected samples were preserved in 4% formalin to study diversity of chydoridae family. The species identified by standard key method (patil and Goundar 1984).Considering the dorsal surface ventral surface ,Labrum, Antennules ,Rostrum, Post abdomen, Post abdomen claw according the Genus About 17species of chydroidae have been recordedAddress: identification was based on the presence of body parts.Name: Keywords: Appendages like Labrum, Antennules, Dorsal, and Ventral and post Abdomen,US. Gantaloo, Abdominal claw.Place: INTRODUCTIONAurangabad, IndiaE-mail:umasukaiya12@gmail .comtanvirforu@rediffmail.com INTRODUCTION 511 International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries, Volume 2, Issue 6, November-December 2012
  2. 2. US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515 Cladocerans are fresh water zooplankton inhabiting all the niches of fresh water bodies. The cladocerans has been INTRODUCTIONthe object of microscopic study dating back to 18 th century are minute forms the average length being 0.2mmto3.5mm.Cladocerans commonly called as water flea prefer to live in deep water and constitute a major item chain andenergy transformation (Uttangi 2001) Swammerdam (1969), Muller (1785), Daddy (1889) & Sars (1901) revealed the valuable information about thecladocerans. The cladocerans fauna of the united states has been the result of several workers. Birge (1918), Pennak(1953) and Brook (1959) wrote a comprehensive chapter on the cladocerans of the United States. The book on Chydoridaecladocerans of the USSR is a notable contribution from Smirnov (1974) About 600 species of fresh water cladocerans occurthrough the world (Korovchinky 1996) Near about 110 species have been recorded from India (patil and Goundar 1984) .The cladocerans are divided into 7 families Daphnidae, Chydroidae, Macrothriadae, Moinidae are found in India andPolyphenidae , Leptidoridae, Holopodidae are characteristically absent in the inland water of India. Family chydrodiae isdivided into GenusAlona, Biapertura, Pleuroxus, Dunhevida, &Chydorus. The water bodies of Baramati and indapur region were selected for water sampling. Nira left bank canal is built TOPOGRAPHY OF AREAon the veer dam and flows through the Purandar, Baramati and Indapur region it lies at latitude 18 08 28 n and longitude74 32 0.2 02 east Tarangawadi lake is situated in indapur region it is 50 km away from Baramati region water fromKhadakwasala dam water is stored in the lake it lies at latitude about 18N and 19N Latitude and 75 east longitude east. The water sample were collected from both Nira left bank canal Baramati region and Tarangawadi lake of MATERIAL METHODSIndapur region . The samples were collected using bolting nylon cloth mesh size 25um by sieving a40 liter volume of watersample net and stored in100ml bottles during early morning hours between 8.am to 10am .The collected sampleswere preserved in 4% formalin. The collected samples were placed in sedwig Rafter cell slide .The volume of cell 1/cm3or 1ml exactly 1ml of sample is kept on the slide and a special cover glass is kept over it after organism settle . Thechydroidae family species were separated and again identified . Family Bosminidae S No Genus Species Rostrum Post abdomen with claw 1 Short single claw poin mucrua 2 Short Pair of claw Bosmina longirostisMuller 1785 3 Blunt Short with claw Bosminopsis DieterusRichard 1895 4 short Elongated with pair of claw Biapertura AffinisLeydig1860 V Short Body transparent whitish in colour Pleuroxus Muller 1785 trignonellus short Elongated with denticles single claw 5 Pleroxus similis Baird 1843 Short Bears a basal spine 6 Chydorus SphaericusMuller 1785 short Triangular in shape 7 Chydorus BarroisiRichard 1894 Blunt Elongated with claw 8 Dunhevedia Crassa Daday 1898 Short present 9 Ephemeroporus Orientalis elongated Triangular with claw bifurcated 10 Ephemeropus Barrossi Short dot on abdomen 11 Alona Rustica long beak Short with claw 12 Alona Excusa long Short with claw 13 AcroperusHarpae h The identification of the species were done with the help of standard key methods used for identification of 14 Alona globusacladocera (patil and Goundar 1984). Edmondson with reference to chydroidae family.Body partsl like head, antennae 512 International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries, Volume 2, Issue 6, November-December 2012
  3. 3. US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515upper lip labrum , rostrum beak like structure between antennules , post abdomen and coiled intestine are taxonomicallyimportant for identification of the chydroidae family species. 1: Total 14 species recorded from both water bodies Nira left bank canal and Tarangawadi lake The cladocera RESULT AND DISSCUSSIONspecies of chydroidae and Bosmanidae family identified by standard key methods according to the appendages like Labrum ,Antennules , Dorsal , Ventral and post Abdomen , Abdominal claw . Bosmanidae family recorded 2 species Bosmania1) Family Bosminidae Antennules’ large fixed Dorsal &ventral ramus antenna jointed intestine simple &straightLongistris and Bosmania Diestrus. Chydroidae family recorded 6 genuses. recorded --4-- species Rustica, Excusa, globusa be identified by presence of ocellus it is bigger than eyes andthe post abdomen is of varied nature.1 Genus Alona2 Genus Biapertura recorded1- species Affinis can be identified by presence shell valve has polygonal shape with fine markingocellus absent. Shell valves with oblique striations post abdomen with marginal denticles and lateral fascicles recorded 2 species Sphaericus, Barroisi the body is spherical post abdominal claw is small and has a basalspine. Rostrum long and pointed post abdomen with prominent preanal part.3 Genus Chydorus4 Genus Dunhevidia recorded 1 species Crassa is characterized by bifid labrum posterior ventro position is Triangular shape.Rostrum stout and straight post abdominal claws with one basal spine.5 Genus Pleuroxus recorded 1 species Trignonellus; similis the body is ovate in shape post abdomen long narrow at the apex.Rostrum long curved post abdominal claw with two basal spines with clusters of denticles there are two spines at the base ofthe claw.6 Ephemeroporus recorded 2species Orientalis, Barrossi Antennules thick shell valves anteriorly tumid post abdomen longand narrow Rostrum is stout beak like structure situated between the antennules. Itis long and pointed its shape andsize is taxonomically important. Population of cladocerans in different water bodies have been reported by Nayer (1971),Rao and Muley (1981) , Battish S.K andKumari (1982),Pennak R.W (1983),Patil C.S &Gounder B.Y.M (1982) Mathew1985),Kaushik &Sharma (1994),Murugan et al (1998) Hence in order to increase pisiculture study of cladocerans are important. Both the water bodies of nira left bankcanal and Tarangawadi are rich source of food to fishes which will be useful in increasing pisiculture good for productionof carps Patil C.S &Gounder B.Y.M (1982) . 513 International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries, Volume 2, Issue 6, November-December 2012
  4. 4. US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515 a)Phylum Arthropod b) Class : Branchiopod c) Order: Amopoda d) Sub order Cladocera e) Family: Bosminidae F) Genus Bosmindae G) Species: Longistris 2 Diestrus e2) Family Chydroidae g2) Genus: Alona, chydorus, Acroperus, Ephemeroporus, Pleroxus, The author are thankful to Agriculture Development Trust shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalya Shardanagar ACKNOWLEDGEMENTBarmati & Arts Science & Commerce college Indapur for providing infrastructural facilities and Laboratory equipmentat Zoology Department Both the water bodies of nira left bank canal and Tarangawadi are rich source of food to fishes which will be CONCLUSIONuseful in increasing pisiculture good for production of carps . Considering the dorsal surface ventral surface ,Labrum,Antennules ,Rostrum, Post abdomen, Post abdomen claw according the Genus About 17species of chydroidae have beenrecorded identification was based on the presence of body parts.1. Brooks J.L(.1959 ) In fresh water biology ,Eds ward , H.B. and Whipple, G.C John Wiley & sons ,nc London pp 587-656 REFERENCES2. Birge, E.A (1918)The water fleas(cladocera) in fresh water biology editor ward H.B.& G.C.John wiley sons inc new York3. Dadyay, E 1898) Microscopische suswasserthiera aus Ceylon termeszctr. fuz (Budapest0 21. 1-23.4. G.T.Tonapi Fresh water animals of India an Ecological approach Michael, R.G (1973) Cladocera in a guide to the fresh 514 International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries, Volume 2, Issue 6, November-December 2012
  5. 5. US Ghantaloo et al., IJSID, 2012, 2 (6), 511-515 water organism J Madurai univ supp 1:1:25. Nayar C.K.G (1971) Cladocera of Rajasthan, hydrobiology 37(3-4) 509 -5196. Patil,C S &GouderB.Y.M.1982 fresh water fauna of dharwad ( Karnataka state India ) J Karnataka university 27 :115-126.7. Pennak .R.W.(1953) Fresh water invertebrates of the united states the Ronald press company, new York.8. Pennak .R.W (1989) Fresh water invertebrates of the United States third edition John Wiley and sons in New York.9. Nayar, C.K.G (1971) Cladocera of Rajasthan Hydrobiology 37(3-4) 507-519.10. Swammerdam, 17690 In fresh water biology eds ward , H.B. and Whipple, G.C.John Wiley and sons .inc new York11. Smirnov, nn.1974.FaunaoftheUssrcrustaceanchydoridae volIsrael programme for scientific translation Jerusalem pp.1-64412. Frey D.G 1980 the non-swimming chydroid cladocerans of wet forest with description of a new genus and two new species in riverine ges hydrobiology 65(5)613-641.13. Rao,M.B and Muley .E.V (1981) Seasonal and species of zooplankton organism and their succession in two fresh water ponds at waghuli , poona proc symp.Ecol Anim.pool.zool surv .India 2:63-64.14. Battish S.K and Kumari 1982 Taxonomic studies and seasonal abundance of cladocera in Punjab .All India conference on limnology nagarjunsagar pp 39.15. Mathew ,P.M(1985) Seasonal trends in the fluctuation of plankton and physic-chemical factors in tropical lake (Govindgargh lake .M.P) and their interrelationship t.inland Fish soc India17(1&2)11-24.16. Kaushik, S.and N.Sharma (1994) physic-chemical characteristic and zooplankton population of perennial tank matsya sarowar, Gwalior, Environment & Ecology 12(2)492-434.17. Murugan ,N,Murugavel ,p and Kodarkar (M.S) (1998) The biologia classification ,identification and ecology Indian Association of Aquatic Biologist publication,p.5.18. Uttangi,J.C (2001) Conservation and management strategy for the water fowls of minor irrigation tanks and their importance as stopover site in Dharwad district . 515 International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries, Volume 2, Issue 6, November-December 2012

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