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IJERA (International journal of Engineering Research and Applications) is International online, ... peer reviewed journal. For more detail or submit your article, please visit www.ijera.com

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  1. 1. P.D. Aher, Dr. S.S.Pimplikar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 5, September- October 2012, pp.857-860 Green Building Design A Sustainable future P.D. AHER*, DR. S.S.PIMPLIKAR** *P.G. Student – M.E. (Construction & Management) **Prof. & Head of Civil Engineering Dept. MAEER‟S Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune-38Abstract In today’s age of urbanization the materials and construction practices; optimizes theenvironment is being ignored by human beings. use of on –site sources and sinks by bio-climaticEnvironmental imbalance is produced due to architectural practices; uses minimum energy todifferent activities made by us. Construction power itself; uses efficient equipment to meet itsindustry is doing a massive role in this. While lighting, air-conditioning, and other needs;construction processes and after construction maximizes the use of renewable sources of energy;due to faulty planning, pollution is created as uses minimum energy to power itself; uses efficientwell as lots of natural resources are wasted. waste and water management practices; andWater scarcity is a major problem in front of provides comfortable and hygienic indoor workingsociety even though while using water for conditions. It is evolved through a design processconstruction, gardening and other domestic that requires all concerned- the architect andpurposes proper care is not taken and water is landscape designer and the air conditioning,wasted. In normal constructions proper care is electrical, plumbing, energy consultants –to worknot taken to save energy and energy is not as a team to address all aspects of building andefficiently used. As demand of energy is system planning, design, construction andincreasing rapidly therefore there is excessive operation. They critically evaluate the impacts ofload on big thermal power projects, which adds each design decision on the environment and arriveinto the pollution. The water falling on the roof at viable design solutions to minimize the negativetop is not utilized in normal buildings. The impacts and enhance the positive impacts on thewaste produced in homes is also contributing to environment. In sum, the following aspects of thepollution and in making un sanitary and building design are looked into in an integratedunaesthetic atmosphere. A green building way in a green buildingdesign provides solutions to all above-mentioned Following are the points that possessproblems and contributes in keeping the prime importance in design, construction andenvironment clean and green. The study shows operations of a green building.that Green Buildings are only way to a Proper site planningsustainable future. Efficient use of water Passive design of building 1. Introduction Rainwater harvesting Green building is generally defined as a Use of Non-conventional energy.building, which utilizes less external energy and is Saving energycapable of producing ample amount of energy for Solid waste managementits intended use itself without causing harm to the Waste water managementenvironment. Green building is called energyefficient building or eco-friendly building. 2. Site planning These buildings are called green due to Site planning is the most important fromtheir similarity with trees…as trees generate their design point of view of green building. The sitefood only by the use of sun light and air, these planning should be done by adopting the followingbuildings are also capable of producing energy and techniques i.e. by preserving and protectingutilizing it properly without damaging the landscape during construction, soil conservationenvironment. and reduce air pollution during construction.[1] A green building depletes the natural As per adopting the above techniques of proper siteresources to the minimum during its construction planning in green building design it will preventand operation. The aim of a green building design loss of soil during construction by stormis to minimum during its construction and water runoff and/or wind erosion, includingoperation. The aim of a green building design is to protecting topsoil by stockpiling reuse. Preventminimize the demand on non-renewable resources, sedimentation of storm sewer or receivingmaximize the utilization efficiency of these streams and/or air pollution with dust andresources, when in use, and maximize the reuse, particulate matter. Hence fertility of the soil canrecycling, and the utilization of renewable maintained at site even after construction.resources. It maximizes the use of efficient building 857 | P a g e
  2. 2. P.D. Aher, Dr. S.S.Pimplikar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 5, September- October 2012, pp.857-860 3. Saving water Passive heating can be done by Water is one of the essential following ways:- requirement of human being. Saving water o Orientation for passive solar is important principle of green building heating design. As per TERI- GRIHA following o Passive solar shading techniques should be adopted to save the o Locating heaters water i.e. a) Reduction landscape water o Locating thermal mass requirement by xeriscaping, drip irrigation o Air movement and comfort and sprinkler irrigation. b) Reduce the water use by the building with water 5. Rain water harvesting efficient fixtures. [1] Rainwater harvesting is the c) Efficient water use during construction. collection and storage of rain from roofs As per saving water techniques or from a surface catchments for future will help in maximizing water efficiency use. The water is generally stored in within buildings to reduce the burden on rainwater tanks or directed into municipal water supply and wastewater mechanisms, which recharge groundwater. systems .Hence it will avoid wastage of This is appropriate in many parts of the water contributing towards one of the world, such as western Britain, China, principle of green building design. Brazil, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Germany, Australia and India, where there is enough 4. Passive design rain for collection and conventional water Passive design is design that does resources either do not exist or are at risk not require mechanical heating or cooling. of being over-used to supply a large Homes that are passively designed take population. [1] advantage of natural energy flows to Rainwater harvesting maintain thermal comfort. Passive design can provide lifeline water for human consist of two types passive cooling and consumption, reduce water bills and the need passive heating. [2] to build reservoirs, which may require the use of valuable land. 4.1 Passive cooling: Passive cooling maximizes the 6. Use of non-conventional energy efficiency of the building envelope by 6.1 Solar energy minimizing heat gain from the external Solar power is the technology of environment and facilitating heat loss to obtaining usable energy from the light of the following natural sources of cooling: the sun. Solar energy has been used in  Evaporative cooling many traditional technologies for centuries  Radiative cooling and has come into widespread use where  Ground cooling other power supplies are absent, such as in  Ventilation remote locations and in space. Switching to solar helps protect florida‟s beautiful and delicate environment, and reduceour 4.2 Passive solar heating dependence on fossil fuels. [1] Passive solar heating is the direct  Solar energy can be currently used in a use of sunlight for space heating. The number of applications: concept is simple, but creating a 1) Heat (hot water, building heat, cooking) successful installation may be complex. 2) Electricitygeneration (photovoltaic, heat Passive solar heating is not a concept for engines) casual experimentation, because failure is The solar photovoltaic (PV) systems almost certain to leave a big mess. In are at work converting the suns radiation general, the larger the fraction of the directly to electricity. They provide building‟s heating that is provided by electricity to homeowners, ranchers, and passive solar, the more complex the design farmers for TV, VCR, stereo, lighting, must be to avoid adverse effects. Passive pumps, electric fences, and livestock heating should include day lighting feeders, without connection to the power wherever possible, since both involve the company. Hence it will prove free controlled intake of solar energy through Inexhaustible Power, simplicity, low glazing. maintenance, energy efficient, economical and environmentally sound. 858 | P a g e
  3. 3. P.D. Aher, Dr. S.S.Pimplikar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 5, September- October 2012, pp.857-860 6.2 Wind energy for it, and is not intended to be discharged Wind power is the conversion of through a pipe. It does not normally wind energy into more useful forms, include human excreta. It is generated by usually electricity using wind turbines. domestic, commercial, industrial, Most modern wind power is generated in healthcare, agricultural and mineral the form of electricity by converting the extraction activities and accumulates in rotation of turbine blades into electrical streets and public places. The words current by means of an electrical “garbage”, “trash”, “refuse” and “rubbish” generator. In windmills (a much older is used to refer to some forms of solid technology) wind energy is used to turn waste. Compost is created by the mechanical machinery to do physical decomposition of organic matter such as work, like crushing grain or pumping yard waste. Compost systems confine water. Wind energy is ample, renewable, compost so that it can receive air and widely distributed, clean, and mitigates the create suitable temperatures for proper greenhouse effect if used to replace fossil- decomposition into fertilizer.[1] fuel-derived electricity. By adopting the above method of  Use of small-scale wind turbines composting at domestic level will result in This rooftop-mounted urban wind appropriate solid waste management due turbine charges a 12 volt battery and runs which problem of collection and disposal various 12 volt appliances within the of waste by Municipal corporation will be building on which it is installed. Wind solved. Hence it will contribute towards turbines can be used for household healthy and secure environment. electricity generation in conjunction with battery storage over many decades in 9. Grey water management remote areas. Household generator units Greywater is defined as the of more than 1 kW are now functioning in wastewater produced from baths and several countries. showers, clothes washers, and lavatories. Wind turbines can be used for The wastewater generated by toilets, household electricity generation in kitchen sinks, and dishwashers are called conjunction with battery storage black water. The primary method of contributing towards green building greywater irrigation that will be discussed design. As it has low noise levels, reliable is through sub-surface distribution.[4] operation, value for money, minimized Types of Sub-surface distribution visual intrusion compliance with all safety systems are requirements both structural and electrical.  Evapotranspiration(ET) systems  Shallow Trench 7. Saving energy  Shallow mound The use of energy in a building can be reduced by adopting some new As adopting the above method techniques and equipments instead of reuse of water produced from bath, clothes using old conventional equipments for washers except toilet for gardening household works such as[2] purposes,etc.As using grey water for  Solar water heater gardening will reduce the burden on  Solar lantern Municipal water supply and wastewater  Solar cooker systems .  Use of biogas As utilization of the above advanced 10. Green buildings Vs Conventional equipment will definitely save Buildings the energy and reduce the consumption of Externally, a green building and a renewable resources such a gas, electricity, etc conventional building look alike. In terms It proves to be economical and environment of functionality too, a green building is as friendly. much functional as a normal building. However the difference is the benefits that 8. Solid waste management a green building can provide. Solid waste management includes all activities that seek to minimize the health, environmental and aesthetic impacts of solid wastes. Solid waste can be defined as material that no longer has any value to the person who is responsible 859 | P a g e
  4. 4. P.D. Aher, Dr. S.S.Pimplikar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 5, September- October 2012, pp.857-860 TANGIBLE BENEFITS:  A green building consumes 30- 40% less water than a conventional building.  Energy consumption lesser by 40-50%. o Enhanced productivity of occupants, 10-15% more than a conventional building. Reduction in initial investments on equipment and systems.INTANGIBLE BENEFITS: Green corporate image. Health and safety of occupants. Enhanced occupant comfort.Imbibe best operational practices from day-one.Incremental cost of constructing a Greenbuilding gets paid back in 3-5 yearsConclusion In today‟s age where „Energy crisis‟ ismajor problem. Green building gives brilliantsolution for this. These are designed to useminimum energy. All the systems for cooling andheating are designed such that they require veryless energy.Green buildings are also capable of producingelectricity on domestic level with non-conventionalenergy sources.In today‟s era green buildings are essential asenvironmental balance is very important forsurvival and further development of human beings.Green buildings are only way to a sustainablefuture.References:- 1. „TERI-GRIHA‟, (TERI–Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment), March „LEED‟, (Green building rating system version- 2, March 2000 2. “ ENERGY EFFICIENCY MANUAL”, D. R. Wulfinghoff 1999 3. Article on “grey water gardening “,The Horticultural Trades Association, 4. Horticulture House, 19 High Street, theale, Reading Berkshire 860 | P a g e