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Green Lab
Ivano malavolta
i.malavolta@vu.nl
The Green Lab
Students measure real
software products
Our infrastructure for experimenting
on software
● energy efficiency
● performance
● ...
Industry-driven experiments
A MASTER COURSE
A PLATFORM
A COLLABORATION PLATFORM
ivanomalavolta.com
Green cluster
Promox (Debian) vmWare OS vmWare OS
Wattsup Wattsup Wattsup
MobileServerVM2
192.168.188.32
Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS
.17 - androidApps
Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS
.12 - emabot
Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS
HD: 800Gb, RAM: 36Gb,
CPU: 2.4Ghz x 4 cores HD: 1Tb, RAM: 18Gb, CPU: 2.00Ghz
HD: 126Gb, RAM: 64Gb,
CPU: 2.50Ghz
(VM management server) (SuperMicro STF)(Windows server)
.9 - vSphere web client
vmWare OS Windows Desktop Server 2007 Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS
vRealize
vSphere client
Server for the web-client
Wattsup manager
Other utilities
STF ADB
vmWare OS
HD: 1Tb, RAM: 16Gb,
CPU: 2.00Ghz x 2 cores
HD: 70Gb, RAM: 8Gb,
CPU: 2.33Ghz x 2 cores
HD: 1Tb, RAM: 32Gb,
CPU: 3.4Ghz x 4 cores
.19 - franz2017
Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS
HP DL360 G7 HP DL380 G5 System x3550 M4
HP DL380 G5 ---
SuperMicro 813M-4
(management)
Promox (Debian)
HD: 36Tb, RAM: 192Gb,
CPU: 2 x (2.6Ghz x 4 cores)
SuperMicro Superserver
.23 - Tanjina
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.20 - Roberto
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.21 - KishanNirghin
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.22 - Ivano
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.29 - Nick
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.25 - Katerina
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.26 - Emitza
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.28 - Covid-19
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.27 - Ilias
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.30 -
FrancescoOsbourne
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
.31 - Eoin
Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
USB/Wifi
● Hardware Watt meter
● Measures instantaneous power
○ Logs it via USB1
○ Via Python or C utilities
● 60 Hz frequency
● Highly used in the literature2
Watts up Pro
1
https://github.com/yyongpil/wattsup
2
https://scholar.google.it/scholar?q=%22Watts+up%3F+Pro%22&hl=it&as_sdt=0,5
Image from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.07.077
Smartphone Test Farm (STF)
https://github.com/DeviceFarmer/stf
● Debug/control several mobile
devices remotely
● Web-based UI
● Real-time screen view
● Execute remote shell commands
● Manage device inventory
ivanomalavolta.com
Experiments on Android/web apps
https://github.com/S2-group/android-runner
No interaction from the researcherAutomation
Incremental
experiments
Customizability
Usability
Profiler
independence
Experiments
replicability
Pause/resume mechanism
Experiments defined in descriptively
You can add your own business logic
or automated testing tool
Support for both HW/SW profilers,
even in parallel
Easily execute an already-performed
experiment ivanomalavolta.com
Android Runner as a learning platform
Android
Runner
Green Lab Final projects
● Green Lab = Master course on
empirical software engineering
for energy efficient software
● Students use Android Runner
as black-box tool for their own
experiments
● Students go deeper on
run-time profiling
○ Plugins for new profilers
○ Improve Android Runner
● Community of learners
● Discover and fix bugs
● Android Runner always up to date
● Learn the basics of OSS development
ivanomalavolta.com
Example of experiment on Web apps on Android
https://github.com/S2-group/ease-2020-replication-package
ivanomalavolta.com
→ Experiments on Robotics
Energy measures
ivanomalavolta.com
We have a technological
dilemma about <X>
Preliminary
experiment
design
We are interested in how <X>
impacts/improves/clarifies <Y>
Finalization of
experiment design
In-house VS on-premises
experiment
Experiment
execution
Clarifications and
refinements
Final
report
Brainstorming
sessions
YOU
Results
discussion
Informed
decision making
Collaboration model with companies
ivanomalavolta.com
Contacts
Group website
http://s2group.cs.vu.nl
Email
i.malavolta@vu.nl
Design/conduct experiments on
your software?
Technological dilemmas?
Mining software repositories?

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The Green Lab - Research cocktail @Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (October 2020)

  • 2. The Green Lab Students measure real software products Our infrastructure for experimenting on software ● energy efficiency ● performance ● ... Industry-driven experiments A MASTER COURSE A PLATFORM A COLLABORATION PLATFORM ivanomalavolta.com
  • 3. Green cluster Promox (Debian) vmWare OS vmWare OS Wattsup Wattsup Wattsup MobileServerVM2 192.168.188.32 Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS .17 - androidApps Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS .12 - emabot Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS HD: 800Gb, RAM: 36Gb, CPU: 2.4Ghz x 4 cores HD: 1Tb, RAM: 18Gb, CPU: 2.00Ghz HD: 126Gb, RAM: 64Gb, CPU: 2.50Ghz (VM management server) (SuperMicro STF)(Windows server) .9 - vSphere web client vmWare OS Windows Desktop Server 2007 Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS vRealize vSphere client Server for the web-client Wattsup manager Other utilities STF ADB vmWare OS HD: 1Tb, RAM: 16Gb, CPU: 2.00Ghz x 2 cores HD: 70Gb, RAM: 8Gb, CPU: 2.33Ghz x 2 cores HD: 1Tb, RAM: 32Gb, CPU: 3.4Ghz x 4 cores .19 - franz2017 Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS HP DL360 G7 HP DL380 G5 System x3550 M4 HP DL380 G5 --- SuperMicro 813M-4 (management) Promox (Debian) HD: 36Tb, RAM: 192Gb, CPU: 2 x (2.6Ghz x 4 cores) SuperMicro Superserver .23 - Tanjina Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .20 - Roberto Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .21 - KishanNirghin Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .22 - Ivano Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .29 - Nick Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .25 - Katerina Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .26 - Emitza Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .28 - Covid-19 Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .27 - Ilias Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .30 - FrancescoOsbourne Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS .31 - Eoin Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS USB/Wifi
  • 4. ● Hardware Watt meter ● Measures instantaneous power ○ Logs it via USB1 ○ Via Python or C utilities ● 60 Hz frequency ● Highly used in the literature2 Watts up Pro 1 https://github.com/yyongpil/wattsup 2 https://scholar.google.it/scholar?q=%22Watts+up%3F+Pro%22&hl=it&as_sdt=0,5 Image from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.07.077
  • 5. Smartphone Test Farm (STF) https://github.com/DeviceFarmer/stf ● Debug/control several mobile devices remotely ● Web-based UI ● Real-time screen view ● Execute remote shell commands ● Manage device inventory ivanomalavolta.com
  • 6. Experiments on Android/web apps https://github.com/S2-group/android-runner No interaction from the researcherAutomation Incremental experiments Customizability Usability Profiler independence Experiments replicability Pause/resume mechanism Experiments defined in descriptively You can add your own business logic or automated testing tool Support for both HW/SW profilers, even in parallel Easily execute an already-performed experiment ivanomalavolta.com
  • 7. Android Runner as a learning platform Android Runner Green Lab Final projects ● Green Lab = Master course on empirical software engineering for energy efficient software ● Students use Android Runner as black-box tool for their own experiments ● Students go deeper on run-time profiling ○ Plugins for new profilers ○ Improve Android Runner ● Community of learners ● Discover and fix bugs ● Android Runner always up to date ● Learn the basics of OSS development ivanomalavolta.com
  • 8. Example of experiment on Web apps on Android https://github.com/S2-group/ease-2020-replication-package ivanomalavolta.com
  • 9. → Experiments on Robotics Energy measures ivanomalavolta.com
  • 10. We have a technological dilemma about <X> Preliminary experiment design We are interested in how <X> impacts/improves/clarifies <Y> Finalization of experiment design In-house VS on-premises experiment Experiment execution Clarifications and refinements Final report Brainstorming sessions YOU Results discussion Informed decision making Collaboration model with companies ivanomalavolta.com
  • 11. Contacts Group website http://s2group.cs.vu.nl Email i.malavolta@vu.nl Design/conduct experiments on your software? Technological dilemmas? Mining software repositories?