Charles Dodgson • The author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was Charles Ludwidge Dogson. • He published the book and other works under the pseudonym of Lewis Carroll because he wished to maintain anonymity to remain immune to any criticism on his poetry and prose. • His name comes from the translation of his first two names into Latin “Carolus Lodovicus” anglicized into “Lewis Carroll”.
Lewis Carroll 1832 -98• He was born in Cheshire, his father was an Anglican person. The family moved to the county of Yorkshire when he was 11, by which time Queen Victoria had been on the throne for four years.. like his father he had great success at the Oxford University as a mathematician, even winning a lectureship which kept him well off for many years. Like his father he decided to enter the church and became an Anglican deacon at Christ Church in Oxford. One of the places that inspired Carroll- the door in the garden (Christ Church, Oxford)
Works• He was affected from stammer, he was also deaf and had a weak chest. Dodgson translated these psychological and physical flaws into his drive to succeed as a writer. Dodgson began publishing his own magazine in 1855, it was titled Mischmasch .in 1856 he officially published some works in the train, a monthly magazine which prompted him to invent his pseudonym Lewis Carroll. It was at this time that Dodgson knew Henry Liddell and his young family. With the children he felt less self conscious about his stammer. Liddell’s son and three daughters proved to be the perfect audience for his imaginative stories.
It was in this way that he was encouraged to write Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.He read the first version to Liddell’s three daughters,Lorina, Alice and Edith during a boat trip and it was Alice Liddell who suggested him to commit the adventures to paper. It took him three years to complete the manuscript and to have the book published in 1865. the book quickly caught thecollective imagination of Victorian society in fact it has been translated into almost every language.
• In 1871 Dogson published a new book about Alice, titled Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There. Apparently the book was another conversation with Alice Liddell, where they discussed what it might be like to enter the reflected world in a mirror. This second book was as successful as the first.
The strange world of• Dogson period during There was a paradox about the Victorian which Dodgson lived. On the one hand it was conservative and formalized, but on the other it was progressive and dynamic. In 1859 Charles Darwin had published On the Origin of Species, in which he explained his theory of biological evolution by natural selection. It caused the deal of scientific and theological arguments. Dodgson was a creative mind and it was in this revolutionary environment that he allowed his imagination to think about the fantastical ideas that would evolve into Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. His two books are now described as literary nonsense as he produced stories that enter absurd worlds with anthropomorphic animals and other strange characters with exaggerated personality traits. He created a nonsensical universe where social rules and conventions disintegrate, the cause/effect relationship does not exist, and time and space have lost their function of giving an order to human experience. Dodgson used the scenarios to tackle problems relating to logic, reason and philosophical conundrums. Queen Victoria herself was a fan of Dodgson’s work, demonstrating that she and many other Victorians were open to the idea of allowing a little nonsense into their lives.
Was Carroll on• Drugs? Literary nonsense became a genre and many subsequent authors have drawn inspiration from Dodgson’s ability to delve into his subconscious. It seems likely that Dodgson had tried hallucinogenic drugs. In fact it was known that Psilocybin mushrooms could introduce mind bending effects. In the book a shrunken Alice meets a caterpillar smoking a pipe reclining on a mushroom. Alice consumes morsels of mushroom that make her first shrink smaller and then grow to her normal size. Surely drugs had something to do with such ideas.
* Chart showing the ignorance of some people. (ofwhich I used to part of)**notice that less than half the people were awareof the truth. 120 people who want to believe 100 Carroll was on drugs 80 people who 60 know the actual reality 40 *on a saleof 1- 20 100 0
The Hatter’s Name Origin • The phrase mad as a hatter was common in Carrolls time. Mad as a hatter probably owes its origin to the fact in that time hatters did go mad, because the mercury they used sometimes gave them mercury poisoning. • Carroll may have asked Tenniel to draw the Mad Hatter to resemble Theophilus Carter, a furniture dealer near Oxford. Carter was known in the area as the Mad Hatter, partly because he always wore a top hat and because of his eccentric ideas. It is also often suggested that Tenniel made the Mad Hatter resemble the politician Disraeli.
Allegories• It is inevitable that people have searched for a hidden meaning or allegory that Dodgson wished to express through his work, in fact he passed a lot of comments on Victorian society. Queen Victoria reigned during that time, so female dominance is displayed in Carrolls writing. In Alice stories, the Queen of Hearts overcomes the King both in size and power. Carroll lived during an era characterized by punctuality. This is reflected in the White Rabbits extremely paranoical reaction to his lateness, when he repeatedly says “Im late, Im late”.
• Another example that the Victorian age influenced a lot Dodgson is the fact that no one helped Alice when she was lost. In the 19th century there were practically no rights for young women, and they were basically ignored or patronized like Alice at the tea party and when she was lost. the Victorian Era limited the thoughts, speech, and actions of the individual. People were the products of the Victorian society in which they lived. In Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll uses the emphasis of facts in the Victorian education system and the Victorian discouragement to create Alice’s confused character analogous to the identity crisis of children during the Victorian period.
His friends• It is known that many of his literary characters were based on the personalities of his friends.• He used his friends because he enjoyed and celebrated their idiosyncrasies and foibles. It was this encapsulation of the human condition that seems to have made his work so popular because the readers moght recognise characters’ traits in themselves. For example Alice is the attractively inquisitive and naïve girl; the white rabbit is the neurotic clerk; the caterpillar can be seen as the laid back artist, end so on.
Dodgson has been also one ofthe greatest photographers ofthe Victorian age. Through thephotos he tried to express hisidea of beauty, he identifiedthis beauty with the recoveryof the lost innocence of theEden. With this visionDodgson refused the Calvinistprinciple of the original sin. The sisters Edith, Lorina and Alice, photographed by Dodgson
The famous Alice • The fact that he took photographs and drew naked children has contributed to the thesis he was a paedophile. One of the objectives of the Dodgson’s photos was to free himself from the burden of the Victorian symbology, portraying his young models as fairies and not as well- mannered damsels of the good English society. He was obsessed above all by a child, Alice Lieddell, who inspired his book Alice’s underground (the first title of Alice Adventures in Wonderland).Alice Liddell
Illustrations• John Tenniel’s illustrations of Alice do not portray the real Alice Liddell, who had dark hair and a short fringe.• Carroll sent Tenniel a photograph of Mary Hilton Badcock, another child-friend, who was the daughter of the Dean of Ripon.• He recommended her as a model, but whether Tenniel accepted this advice remains a matter of dispute. Illustration by John Tenniel of the poem “Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carrol
“Alice” Series the Gateway for Many Artist’s Inspirations• Alice and the rest of Wonderland continue to inspire or influence many other works of art to this day, sometimes thanks to Disney movies, for example
• The character of the plucky Alice has became immensely popular and inspired similar heroines in literature and pop culture, many also named Alice in homage. But she also inspired photographs, photoshoots, clothing, jewelry, paintings, drawings, and pretty much any type of art you can think of based on Alice and her adventures.
Poems and songs• "All in the golden afternoon..." —the prefatory verse, an original poem by Carroll that recalls the rowing expedition on which he first told the story of Alices adventures underground• "How Doth the Little Crocodile" — a parody of Isaac Watts nursery rhyme, " Against Idleness And Mischief"• "The Mouses Tale" —an example of concrete poetry• "You Are Old, Father William" — a parody of Robert Southeys " The Old Mans Comforts and How He Gained Them"• The Duchess lullaby, "Speak roughly to your little boy..." — a parody of David Bates "Speak Gently"• "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Bat" — a parody of "Twinkle twinkle little star"• Video :• The Lobster Quadrille — a parody of Mary Botham Howitts "The Spider and the Fly"• "Tis the Voice of the Lobster" — a parody of "The Sluggard"• "Beautiful Soup" — a parody of James M. Sayles "Star of the Evening, Beautiful Star"• "The Queen of Hearts..." — an actual nursery rhyme• "They told me you had been to her..." — the White Rabbits evidence
*This chart shows the overall impact of ALL of Alice’s adventures as compared toother films made by Disney**Note that the chart is not really drawn to scale because it’s supposed to be 1-100and there’s really only a small difference. 86 84 82 Alice in 80 Wonderland 78 most other 76 Disney films *on a scale of 74 1-100 72 70
Alice In Wonderland – Avril Lavigne Alice Underground Official Music Video