Public speaking tips

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Public Speaking Tips, tugas mata kuliah FKIP Universitas Pakuan

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Public speaking tips

  1. 2. <ul><li>It is not sufficient what to say, one must also know how to say it . </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Public Speaking is a communication activity where the speaker / presenter conveys / delivers an intent / message / target to the audience / others </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. information, ideas, suggestions, persuasions). </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The speaker </li></ul><ul><li>The message </li></ul><ul><li>The audience </li></ul><ul><li>The method </li></ul><ul><li>The media </li></ul><ul><li>The goal </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>2. Master the materials : </li></ul><ul><li>Proper background knowledge/experience </li></ul><ul><li>Proper references </li></ul><ul><li>The outlook of each page (wording, font, color, back ground) </li></ul><ul><li>Set the goal : </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing ideas ? </li></ul><ul><li>Getting reward? </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfying audience? </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>4. Mental preparation : </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid hatred and prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>3. Physical preparation : </li></ul><ul><li>Proper attire </li></ul><ul><li>Proper outlook </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent health </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>5. Knowing your audience : </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic </li></ul><ul><li>Psychographic </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Put yourself in their shoes </li></ul><ul><li>6 . Knowing the venue, mastering the equipment : </li></ul><ul><li>The room </li></ul><ul><li>The Committee </li></ul><ul><li>The visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>The P/A system </li></ul><ul><li>The hi-tech equipment </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Good preparation is very important. </li></ul><ul><li>If you fail to prepare, you prepare </li></ul><ul><li>to fail. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Volume : speak loudly enough to be heard. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch : use effectively to convey meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Rate : speak more quickly to convey enthusiasm / speak more slowly to emphasize key points or issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not : speak too quickly that people will not understand / too slowly that people get bored. </li></ul><ul><li>Articulation : speak clearly, pronounce word carefully, no mumbling. Control your lips / teeth and tongue. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>P4 of Voice </li></ul><ul><li>P roject your voice </li></ul><ul><li>P ronounce carefully </li></ul><ul><li>P ause frequently </li></ul><ul><li>P ace is varied </li></ul><ul><li>MERK of Voice </li></ul><ul><li>M odulate the tone </li></ul><ul><li>E mphasize certain parts </li></ul><ul><li>R epeat key words </li></ul><ul><li>K eep eyes away from notes </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>< 120 WORDS / MINUTE = TOO SLOW </li></ul><ul><li>120 – 150 WORDS / MINUTE = BEST </li></ul><ul><li>> 150 WORDS / MINUTE = TOO FAST </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Audience type : </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinate </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Humor : </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, the more the better </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, the more </li></ul><ul><li>the better </li></ul><ul><li>A little humor, not overdo </li></ul><ul><li>Some humor will be effective, but not overdo </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Elements of An Effective Performance : </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Give of yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Stay relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Use natural humor </li></ul><ul><li>Plan your body and hand positions </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to all details </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>get their attention </li></ul><ul><li>welcome them </li></ul><ul><li>introduce yourself </li></ul><ul><li>state the purpose of our gathering </li></ul><ul><li>continue with the agenda </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><ul><li>Relax, smile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid well-rehearsed opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firmness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak your audience’s language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand still </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vary your intensity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put on the brakes and slow down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pauses </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>know the room </li></ul><ul><li>know the audience </li></ul><ul><li>know your material </li></ul><ul><li>learn how to relax </li></ul><ul><li>visualize yourself speaking </li></ul><ul><li>realize people want you to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>do not apologize for being nervous </li></ul><ul><li>concentrate on your message </li></ul><ul><li>turn nervousness into positive energy </li></ul><ul><li>gain experience </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Hold a small object which is not heavy, focus on that. </li></ul><ul><li>Without the object, imagine you still hold it. Focus on it. </li></ul>

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