Human-centred design & Ethics in MINAmI project   Eija Kaasinen, VTT 19.5.2009
MINAmI Identity Card <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MIcro-Nano integrated platform for transverse Ambient Intelligence ap...
vision <ul><li>The MINAmI vision is based on a mobile-centric approach to ambient intelligence.  </li></ul><ul><li>With th...
WP1 Usage & ethical assessment <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance  user needs  with the possibilities of the...
Work Packages Structure
MINAmI applications
Human-centred design in MINAmI: Scenarios  <ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To illustrate what kinds of application...
Examples of MINAmI scenarios <ul><li>With the  Smart pillbox,  dosage can be monitored based on recognizing when the pillb...
Human-centred design in MINAmI: Proofs of concept <ul><li>Proofs of concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To illustrate look and f...
Human-centred design in MINAmI: Design requirements <ul><li>Defining Design requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify re...
Ethical assessment in MINAmI project <ul><li>Ethical aspects are included in all user evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>The pr...
Ethical Principles in MINAmI <ul><li>Guidelines available www.fp6-minami.org </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy:  an individual sha...
Thank you! <ul><li>More information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.fp6-minami.org  www.fp6-minami.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
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Kaasinen: MINAmI, human-centered design, ethics

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Eija Kaasinen, research coordinator, VTT Technical Research Center of Finland

Human-centered design & Ethics in MINAmI project

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Kaasinen: MINAmI, human-centered design, ethics

  1. 1. Human-centred design & Ethics in MINAmI project Eija Kaasinen, VTT 19.5.2009
  2. 2. MINAmI Identity Card <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MIcro-Nano integrated platform for transverse Ambient Intelligence applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10/2006 – 9/2009 (36 months) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FP6 IST integrated project in micro/nano based sub-systems (Call 5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget 19,6 M€ (1409 person month) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 partners from France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, Israel, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. vision <ul><li>The MINAmI vision is based on a mobile-centric approach to ambient intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>With the mobile device, the user can communicate with the surrounding environment by wirelessly reading close tags and sensors embedded onto everyday objects. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, the phone enables wireless connection to the internet. As the communication can be tied to a specific place, object, and time, this approach enables context-related information and services. </li></ul><ul><li>The vision is based on MINAmI mobile phone platform and novel small size tag and sensor solutions </li></ul>
  4. 4. WP1 Usage & ethical assessment <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance user needs with the possibilities of the MINAmI technologies to produce AmI solutions that will be both acceptable by end users and applicable in different application fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a continuous dialogue between technology developers, end users, application developers as well as usability and ethics experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The common understanding is illustrated as a project vision , and further as usage scenarios . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define ethical guidelines for the project work and for forthcoming applications, and mobile-centric AmI in general </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Work Packages Structure
  6. 6. MINAmI applications
  7. 7. Human-centred design in MINAmI: Scenarios <ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To illustrate what kinds of applications can be built on MINAmI technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To define a common vision to the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stories + animations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus groups with potential users and application field experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User acceptance of the proposed concepts </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of MINAmI scenarios <ul><li>With the Smart pillbox, dosage can be monitored based on recognizing when the pillbox is opened. Suspected dosage hazards are reported to health care personnel via the mobile phone. </li></ul><ul><li>At smart home , ambient cameras monitor moving objects at home and alarm the inhabitant when possible intruder is recognised. The cameras also recognise suspected health hazards and alarm health care personnel accordingly. </li></ul><ul><li>The sleep plaster monitors electroencephalogram (EEG) overnight. In the morning, the user transfers the measurements to his mobile phone and sends them further to health care personnel. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Human-centred design in MINAmI: Proofs of concept <ul><li>Proofs of concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To illustrate look and feel features of scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To illustrate new interaction methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on existing technology, e.g. NFC tags and tag phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laboratory evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User acceptance of the proposed concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed feedback on interaction tool implementations </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Human-centred design in MINAmI: Design requirements <ul><li>Defining Design requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify repeating usage patterns from the scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyse patterns to sequence diagrams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret user feedback to design requirements together with platform developers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Ethical assessment in MINAmI project <ul><li>Ethical aspects are included in all user evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>The project has Ethical handbook for research practises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. recruting test users, research consent forms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The project is publishing Ethical Guidelines for mobile-centric Ambient intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To guide platform, application and service designers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The project has an Ethical Advisory Board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of external experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different aspects of ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert evaluation of MINAmI scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributions and review of ethical guidelines </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Ethical Principles in MINAmI <ul><li>Guidelines available www.fp6-minami.org </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy: an individual shall be able to control access to hi(s)her personal information and to protect hi(s)her own space </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy: an individual has the right to decide how and to what purposes (s)he is using technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity and dignity: individuals shall be respected and technical solutions shall not violate their dignity as a human beings </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability: Technical solutions shall be sufficiently reliable for the purposes that they are being used for. Technology shall not threat user’s physical or mental health. </li></ul><ul><li>E-inclusion: Services should be accessible to all user groups despite of their physical or mental deficiencies. </li></ul><ul><li>The technology should benefit the society: The society shall make use of the technology so that it increases the quality of life and does not cause harm to anyone . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you! <ul><li>More information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.fp6-minami.org www.fp6-minami.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>

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