Services Marketing
Marketing Marketing  as per Peter Drucker – the aim of marketing is to know and understand the customer so well that the p...
Services <ul><li>“ When u build a manufacturing plant, it starts  depreciating on the day it opens. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Services
Services  <ul><li>Traditionally difficult to define. </li></ul><ul><li>Which services are created and delivered to custome...
Service …definition <ul><li>Service is an act or performance offered by one party to another . Although the process may be...
Service  sector…. <ul><li>Comprises of bulk of today’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>US – 73%  &  Canada 67%  of GDP. </li></...
Service organizations… <ul><li>Large international corporations –airlines , banking, telecom, hotel chains, freight transp...
Gats Classification. <ul><li>General agreement on trade in services classifies 155 activates as service. </li></ul><ul><li...
Classification of services..
Reasons for growth  of services industry… Reason Effect Service effected Affluence Per capita income  Pest control, person...
<ul><li>Tangibility --  The quality of being perceivable by touch. </li></ul><ul><li>Intangibility--The quality of being i...
Tangibility Spectrum
Differentiating services from goods… Pure tangible  goods Wheat ,sugar, soap, cosmetic etc. Tangible good –Accompanied ser...
Goods  vs. services <ul><li>Unique characteristics that distinguish goods from service </li></ul><ul><li>Services are perf...
Characteristics of services <ul><li>Intangibility </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Inseparability. </li><...
Intangibility <ul><li>Product is physical.--- Can be felt ,seen , smelt, tested.. </li></ul><ul><li>Service is not tangibl...
Problems with intangibility -  <ul><li>Lack of ability to be stored. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of protection of patents. </li...
Solutions to intangibility problems. <ul><li>Use of tangible clues. – assist customer in making service evaluation. </li><...
Problems caused by inseparability <ul><li>Physical presence of the service provider ---like dentist. </li></ul><ul><li>Eva...
Unlike  goods  which are first produced ,sold , consumed… services  are first sold, produced and consumed.
Involvement of other customers… <ul><li>Restaurants --- Smoking in non smoking areas.. </li></ul><ul><li>Parking full mean...
Challenge in mass production of service… <ul><li>How to successfully mass produce service… </li></ul>
Solutions  to inseparable problems.. <ul><li>Emphasis on selection ,training public contact personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Heterogeneity <ul><li>Heterogeneous  is an adjective used to describe an object or system consisting of multiple items hav...
Heterogeneity <ul><li>Goods & services –Another difference- un ability  to control the service quality before it reaches t...
Solutions to heterogeneity
Perish ability.. <ul><li>Service can’t be inventoried. ( Like movie tickets , airline tickets etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>Mat...
Solution to perish ability.. <ul><li>Creative pricing-  (early bird incentive , happy hours ) </li></ul><ul><li>Demand str...
Service marketing -- system Service marketing triangle
Issues before a service organization <ul><li>Services premises. </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Service per...
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Services marketing 1

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Services marketing 1

  1. 1. Services Marketing
  2. 2. Marketing Marketing as per Peter Drucker – the aim of marketing is to know and understand the customer so well that the product or service fits him and sells itself. Chartered institute of marketing– marketing as the process of discovering, expecting and suiting the customer needs and at the same time making profits.
  3. 3. Services <ul><li>“ When u build a manufacturing plant, it starts depreciating on the day it opens. </li></ul><ul><li>The well – served customer, on the other hand, is an appreciating asset. </li></ul><ul><li>Every small act on his or her behalf ups the odds for repeat business and priceless word – of – mouth referral” </li></ul><ul><li>-Tom Peters management guru </li></ul>
  4. 4. Services
  5. 5. Services <ul><li>Traditionally difficult to define. </li></ul><ul><li>Which services are created and delivered to customer are difficult to define because many inputs & outputs are intangible. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Service …definition <ul><li>Service is an act or performance offered by one party to another . Although the process may be tied to a physical product, the performance is essentially intangible and does not result to any owner ship of any factor of production. </li></ul><ul><li>Services are economic activities that create value and provide benefits for customers at specific times, place. </li></ul><ul><li>Philip Kotler ---”service is any activity of benefit that one party can offer to another that is essentially intangible and does not result in the ownership of anything. Its production may or may not be tied to a physical product </li></ul>
  7. 7. Service sector…. <ul><li>Comprises of bulk of today’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>US – 73% & Canada 67% of GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of vide variety of industries that sell to individual customers , business customers , government customers , NGO’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Change in economy – boom in agriculture, manufacturing – increased demand for brand new services and traditional services. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan -- is it still known for being a manufacturing country ?????? </li></ul><ul><li>India too is following the footsteps….. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Service organizations… <ul><li>Large international corporations –airlines , banking, telecom, hotel chains, freight transportation….. </li></ul><ul><li>Locally owned small business– restaurants, laundries, taxi services, internet services, courier etc.,… </li></ul><ul><li>B-2- B services… </li></ul><ul><li>Franchised service outlets--- food , education… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gats Classification. <ul><li>General agreement on trade in services classifies 155 activates as service. </li></ul><ul><li>Major 11 categories are </li></ul><ul><li>Business services. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction & Engg. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Finance. </li></ul><ul><li>Health. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation. </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul>
  10. 10. Classification of services..
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Reasons for growth of services industry… Reason Effect Service effected Affluence Per capita income Pest control, personal security, Interior design. beauty parlors, event management etc.. Leisure time Travel & Holiday Travel agencies, Hotels, entertainment, career prospects Health Consciousness Awareness Health clubs, Spas, Old age homes , gyms, yoga, meditation Working Couples Working wives Day care centers, home delivery, packed food Product complexity Variety available Water purifiers, Microwaves, PC, (= AMC) Life complexity Lack of time Tax consultants, legal service, property advisors, Investment advisors.. Resource scarcity & Ecology Need of conservation Car pools, water management, high rise apartments .. New Products IT PCO, pager, e- commerce , Internet service provider, mobile service providers, cyber café
  13. 13. <ul><li>Tangibility -- The quality of being perceivable by touch. </li></ul><ul><li>Intangibility--The quality of being intangible and not perceptible by touch </li></ul>
  14. 14. Tangibility Spectrum
  15. 15. Differentiating services from goods… Pure tangible goods Wheat ,sugar, soap, cosmetic etc. Tangible good –Accompanied service Computer, cars air conditioners, machinery-after sales service Major service accompanying minor goods & service Beauty saloon providing cosmetics Child care centers providing baby food. Pure service Surgery, consultancy teaching
  16. 16. Goods vs. services <ul><li>Unique characteristics that distinguish goods from service </li></ul><ul><li>Services are performance , deeds efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Services can’t be felt, seen ,tasted or touched as goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Example movie tickets vs. shoes. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Characteristics of services <ul><li>Intangibility </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Inseparability. </li></ul><ul><li>Perishability </li></ul>
  18. 18. Intangibility <ul><li>Product is physical.--- Can be felt ,seen , smelt, tested.. </li></ul><ul><li>Service is not tangible till it is experienced or consumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Different people have different expectations with regard to the same service… </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of service not strictly measurable….. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Problems with intangibility - <ul><li>Lack of ability to be stored. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of protection of patents. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in displaying or communicating services. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in pricing services. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Solutions to intangibility problems. <ul><li>Use of tangible clues. – assist customer in making service evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>( insurance advt. in media…) </li></ul><ul><li>( ICICI bank --- strong ATM network….) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of personal source of information. </li></ul><ul><li>( due to lack of objective means of evaluation customer looks to wards friends , family ) </li></ul><ul><li>offering incentive to existing customers for roping in new customers) </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of strong organizational brand. </li></ul><ul><li>( results in loyalty i.e. Maruti , Sony) </li></ul><ul><li>In separatibility– 1.Service provider physical connection to service being provided. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Customer’s involvement in the service process. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Involvement of other customer in the service process. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Problems caused by inseparability <ul><li>Physical presence of the service provider ---like dentist. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of the service provider done by language, clothing, personal hygiene, IP communication skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Face to face interaction with customer– make employee satisfied. </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of customer in the service production process… </li></ul><ul><li>a) customer to be physically present to receive service. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Customer need to be present to start the service –dry cleaning, auto repair etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>c) Need of the customer to be mentally present -- thru internet.. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Unlike goods which are first produced ,sold , consumed… services are first sold, produced and consumed.
  23. 23. Involvement of other customers… <ul><li>Restaurants --- Smoking in non smoking areas.. </li></ul><ul><li>Parking full means better service / food. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Challenge in mass production of service… <ul><li>How to successfully mass produce service… </li></ul>
  25. 25. Solutions to inseparable problems.. <ul><li>Emphasis on selection ,training public contact personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer management. ( reservation in restaurant…) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of multi site locations (ATM , McDonald's…..) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Heterogeneity <ul><li>Heterogeneous is an adjective used to describe an object or system consisting of multiple items having a large number of structural variations. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the opposite of homogneous . </li></ul>
  27. 27. Heterogeneity <ul><li>Goods & services –Another difference- un ability to control the service quality before it reaches the customer. </li></ul><ul><li>Service offered by one employee may differ from the other… </li></ul><ul><li>Example - McDonald's franchise – moods swings of individuals before service. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Solutions to heterogeneity
  29. 29. Perish ability.. <ul><li>Service can’t be inventoried. ( Like movie tickets , airline tickets etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>Matching the demand & supply in service is a challenge… </li></ul>
  30. 30. Solution to perish ability.. <ul><li>Creative pricing- (early bird incentive , happy hours ) </li></ul><ul><li>Demand strategy – (reservation system, complimentary system, development of non peak demand) </li></ul><ul><li>Supply strategy. - Part time utilization. capacity sharing (Doctors sharing cost of equipment), advance preparation of expansion, utilisation of third party, Increase in customer participation. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Service marketing -- system Service marketing triangle
  32. 32. Issues before a service organization <ul><li>Services premises. </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Service personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools & equipment used. </li></ul><ul><li>Customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of service establishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing service quality. </li></ul>

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