Social Learning Theory And Goal Theory

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Social Learning Theory And Goal Theory

  1. 2. <ul><li>It derived from the world of Gabriel trade[1843-1908] which proposed that it occurred through three stages- </li></ul><ul><li>Close contact </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation of superiors </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding of concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Role model behaviour </li></ul>
  2. 3. Social learning theory <ul><li>People learn new behaviour through overt reinforcement or punishment, via observational learning. </li></ul><ul><li>If people observe positive outcomes in its behaviour,they are more likely to imitate and adopt the behaviour themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>It focuses on the learning that occur within a social context. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Principles of social learning <ul><li>People can learn by observing the behaviour of others and the outcomes of others. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be considered a bridge between behaviorist learning theories and cognitive learning theories. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning can occur without a change in behaviour. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Cognitive factors in social learning theory- <ul><li>Learning without performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive processing during learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations. </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal causation. </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Educational implication of social learning theory- <ul><li>Students often learn a great deal simply by observing a great deal. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-regulation techniques provides an effective method for improving student behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Describing the consequences of behaviour is can effectively increase the appropriate behaviour and decrease the inappropriate one. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Students must believe that they are capable of accomplishing school task. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers should help students set realistic expectations for their academic accomplishment. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Goal theory- <ul><li>It is a label used in educational psychology </li></ul><ul><li>to discuss research into motivation to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of learning are thought to be a key factor influencing of a level of student’s intrinsic motivation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Main axes of goal theory- <ul><li>Mastery or performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Task or ego involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Approach or avoidance goals. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Mastery or performance- <ul><li>It is described as a student’s wish to become in a topic to the best of his or her ability. </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery orientation thought to increase a student’s intrinsic motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Performance orientation thought to increase student’s intrinsic motivation if they perform well,but to decrease motivation if they perform badly. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Task or ego involvement- <ul><li>A student is involved as task-involved when he or she is intrested the task of its own qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>Task involved students are less threatened by failure. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Approach or avoidance goals- <ul><li>It is thought that approach goals contribute positively to intrinsic motivation where as avoidance goals do not. </li></ul><ul><li>All the goals are not directing towards approaching a desirable outcomes. </li></ul>
  12. 13. THANK YOU

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