Benefits of prayers and wisdom of multiple prayers daily

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Benefits of prayers and wisdom of multiple prayers daily

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  • Christianity have daily supplications at the individual’s own time. They also have seasonal prayers called; advent, Christmas, Easter and Pentecost. Obligation imposed by the Church, are attendance at Mass, observance of Sundays and feast-days. The practice of the Church, devoutly followed by the faithful, is to begin and end the day with prayer; and though morning and evening prayer is not of strict obligation. [1] Vocal Prayer Prayer may be classified as vocal or mental, private or public. In vocal prayer some outward action, usually verbal expression, accompanies the internal act implied in every form of prayer. This external action not only helps to keep us attentive to the prayer, but it also adds to its intensity.
  • Orthodox Judaism regards halakha (Jewish law) as requiring Jewish men to pray three times daily and four times daily on the Sabbath and most Jewish holidays, and five times on Yom Kippur. Orthodox Jewish women are required to pray at least daily, with no specific time requirement, but the system of multiple daily prayer services is regarded as optional. [1] Many Jews sway their body back and forth during prayer. This practice (referred to as shoklen in Yiddish) is not mandatory.
  • The most famous study was done in 1986 by Dr. Randolph Byrd, then a cardiologist in San Francisco. He divided into two groups all patients (400 total) admitted to the coronary care unit at San Francisco General Hospital over a period of ten months. Group One was assigned to a variety of prayer teams thoughout the United States, who prayed for them each day. Group Two was not assigned any prayer team. William S. Harris of St. Luke's Hospital in Kansas City, Mo., and colleagues published similar results in 1999 from a study involving nearly 1,000 heart patients, about half of whom were prayed for without their knowledge.
  • Eastern religion for the most part discards worship and places devotional emphasis on the practice of meditation alongside scriptural study. [2] Consequently, prayer is seen as a form of meditation or an adjunct practice to meditation. [2]
  • Buddhism Beliefs In the earliest Buddhist tradition, prayer plays only an ancillary role. It is largely a ritual expression of wishes for success in the practice and in helping all beings. [1] Practice Buddha emphasized the primacy of individual practice and experience. [2] Obligation Buddha said that supplication to gods or deities was not necessary Hinduism Philosophical teachings and traditions According to Swami Vivekananda, "the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times" constitutes the sacred Hindu texts.
  • Forms of meditation devoid of mystical content have been developed in the west as a way of promoting physical and mental well being
  • Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation was developed by American physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 1920s. Jacobson argued that since muscular tension accompanies anxiety, one can reduce anxiety by learning how to relax the muscular tension. Autogenic training was developed by the German psychiatrist Johannes Schultz in 1932. Schultz emphasized parallels to techniques in yoga and meditation; however, autogenic training is devoid of any mysticism. Biofeedback has been tried by many researchers since the 1950s as a way to enter deeper states of mind. Natural Stress Relief is a form of meditation which uses a silent mantra. Acem Meditation has been developed in the Scandinavian countries since 1966. It is non-religious technique with no requirement for change of lifestyle or adaption to any system of belief.
  • The Prayer is the best and most noble of deeds. It is the link between the believer and his Lord. Through the Prayer, the slave communicates with his Lord five times a day. Emphasized many times in Quran and Sunnah The Prayer has a great status in Islam. It is the spinal cord of the religion, without which the religion itself cannot be established. [1] [1] “The head of the matter is Islam, its spinal cord is the prayer, and its highest pinnacle is ‘Jihaad’ in the way of Allaah.” [Muslim]
  • Benefits of prayers and wisdom of multiple prayers daily

    1. 1. Justification of the “Benefits of prayers and wisdom of multiple prayers daily” in comparison to other Religions and Philosophies. Presented by: Team Ansar
    2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Components and Benefits of Prayers </li></ul><ul><li>Prayers – Belief, Practice, Research and Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern Religions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secularism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Definition of Prayer <ul><li>Prayer is the act of communicating with a god or spirit in worship. [1] Specific forms of this may include praise, requesting guidance or assistance, confessing sins, as an act of reparation or an expression of one's thoughts and emotions. The words used in prayer may take the form of intercession, a hymn, incantation or a spontaneous utterance in the person's praying words. Praying can be done in public, as a group, or in private. </li></ul>[1] Clowney, Edmond (1988). Ferguson, Sinclair; Wright, David. eds. New Dictionary of Theology. consulting ed. Packer, James. Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press. pp. 526–527. ISBN 0851106366.
    4. 4. Components of Prayer ○ ○ ◐ ○ ● Frequency (daily obligation) ○ ○ ◐ ◐ ● Obligation ○ ● ● Secularism ◐ ● ● Eastern Religions ● ● ● Spiritual ● ● ● Mental ◐ ○ ● Physical Judaism Christianity Islam ○ Non-existent ◐ Partial ● Consensus
    5. 5. Benefits of Prayer Spiritual Physical Christianity Judaism Secularism <ul><ul><li>Eastern Religions </li></ul></ul>Islam
    6. 6. Benefits of Prayer Spiritual Physical Christianity Judaism Secularism <ul><ul><li>Eastern Religions </li></ul></ul>Islam (performed daily as an obligation)
    7. 7. Christianity <ul><li>Frequency: Weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Required: Yes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a strict obligation but long time neglect is considered sinful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Form of Prayer: Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Mental and Spiritual </li></ul>http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Prayer
    8. 8. Judaism <ul><li>Frequency: 3 times daily </li></ul><ul><li>Required: No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except for Orthodox and Conservative Jews (3 times for men; optional for women) [2] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Form of Prayer: Oral recitations </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Mental and Spiritual </li></ul>[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_services [2] Mishneh Torah, Laws of Prayer 1:1 (This view is based on Maimonides' view)
    9. 9. Christianity and Judaism <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many studies done over the years indicate that the devout tend to be healthier. But the reasons remain far from clear. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The quiet meditation and incantations of praying, or the comfort of being prayed for, appears to lower blood pressure, reduce stress hormones, slow the heart rate and have other potentially beneficial effects. [2] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most famous study - 1986 by Dr. Randolph Byrd, San Francisco. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He reported in 1988 that those who were prayed for needed fewer drugs and less help breathing [3] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Critics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several studies of prayer effectiveness have yielded null results. [4] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficacy of prayer healing vs. benefits </li></ul>[2] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/23/AR2006032302177.html [3] Byrd RC, Positive therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer in a coronary care unit population. South Med J 1988;81:826-9. PMID 3393937. [4] O'Laoire S. An experimental study of the effects of distant, intercessory prayer on self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. Altern Ther Health Med 1997;3:38-53. PMID 9375429.
    10. 10. Eastern Religions <ul><li>Frequency: No prescribed times of prayer [1] </li></ul><ul><li>Required: No </li></ul><ul><li>Form of Prayer: Physical or Oral (Yoga, Meditation, Mantras) </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Physical, Mental, Spiritual </li></ul>[1] http://www.ibps-sweden.com/eng/buddhism/belifes.htm [2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayer#Eastern_religions
    11. 11. Eastern Religions <ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancillary role </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression of wishes for success [1] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual practice and experience. [2] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obligation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplication to gods or deities not necessary. [2] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical teachings and traditions discovered by different persons in different times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency of prayers: Morning and evening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obligation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ideal Hindu is advised to follow the daily routine </li></ul></ul>[1] Collins, Steven (1982). Selfless Persons. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 6. ISBN 0-521-39726. [2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayer#Buddhism [3] hinduism.about.com Buddhism Hinduism [3]
    12. 12. Eastern Religions <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Council on Exercise (ACE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Dawn Boehde and John Porcari, Ph.D., FACSM, from the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examined the aerobic benefits and calorie expenditure of Hatha yoga </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The study showed numerous improvements in strength, endurance, improved balance and flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, they did not burn a significant amount of calories. </li></ul></ul>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/31446.php
    13. 13. Secularism <ul><li>Frequency: Dependent on person’s will </li></ul><ul><li>Required: No </li></ul><ul><li>Form: Physical exercises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>devoid of mystical content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Mental, Physical </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meditation#Secular
    14. 14. Secularism <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Many exercises have been developed based on Eastern practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation (relax the muscular tension) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autogenic training - Johannes Schultz (yoga and meditation ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofeedback (enter deeper states of mind) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Stress Relief (silent mantra) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acem Meditation </li></ul></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meditation#Secular
    15. 15. Islam <ul><li>Frequency: 5 times daily </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ (The prayers) are five but (the reward) is fifty”. [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 342; Muslim, 163] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required: Yes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times…” [Quran 4: 103] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Form of Prayer: Physical and Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Physical, Mental, and Spiritual </li></ul>
    16. 16. Islamic Prayers – Spiritual Benefits <ul><li>Expiates Sins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Prophet (PBUH) said: “If the time for a prescribed prayer comes, and a Muslim performs ablution properly, (and then offers his prayer) with humbleness and bowing (to Allaah), it will be an expiation for his past sins, so long as he has not committed a major sin; and this is applicable to all times.” [Muslim] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) also said: “The five daily prayers are like a deep river flowing by the door of any of you, in which he bathes five times every day.” [Muslim] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ (The prayers) are five but (the reward) is fifty”. [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 342; Muslim, 163] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the first act that the person will be held accountable for on the Day of Recompense. The Prophet (PBUH), said: &quot;The first act that the slave will be held accountable for on the Day of Judgment will be the Prayer. If it is good, then the rest of his deeds will be good. And if it is bad, then the rest of his deeds will be bad.&quot; [At-Tabaraani] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purification of Soul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthens the faith, purifies and chastens the soul, qualifies the believer for salvation in this life and the Hereafter and to make him shun immorality and evil deeds. Allaah Says (what means): “Recite [O Muhammad] what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish the Prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allaah is greater. And Allaah knows that which you do.&quot; [Quran 29: 45] </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Islamic Prayers Physical and Mental Benefits <ul><li>Evidences from Quran and Sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has mentioned in a hadith by Ibn Majah that prayer is a cure for many diseases . </li></ul><ul><li>The overall effect that the properly performed prayers should have upon humans is described in many verses of the Quran </li></ul><ul><ul><li>such as: “Indeed, mankind was created anxious. When evil touches him, impatient, and when good touches him, withholding [of it], except the observers of prayer —those who are constant in their prayer .” [Quran 70: 19-23] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Prayer is so effective and soothing to the heart that the Prophet (PBUH) would resort to it whenever anything grieved him and would say to Bilaal : “O Bilaal! Comfort our hearts with it (i.e. call Iqaamah for Prayer).” [Ahmad] </li></ul>
    18. 18. Islamic Prayers Physical and Mental Benefits <ul><li>Ablution (a condition of prayer) </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment [1] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulates the biological rhythms of the body and specifically Biological Active Spots (BASes), very much like the idea behind Chinese reflexotherapy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A kind of treatment complex, which includes the hydromassage of the BAS, their thermal and physical stimulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A positive effect on the nervous and reproductive systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease high blood pressure and relieve tooth and throat pain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention [2] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth - prevents gum problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nostrils - preventive health measure as the germs trapped in the nostrils are removed and do not pass on to the respiratory system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face – Prevents skin cancer, eye infections, and wrinkles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet – Prevents athlete's foot </li></ul></ul>[1] Magomedov, Magomed, Muslim Rituals & their effect on the person’s health http://www.crescentlife.com/wellness/muslim_rituals_and_their_effect_on_the_person%27s_health.htm [2] Salem, Mukhtar,  Prayers: A sport for the soul and body, CAIRO, The Arab Modern Center (1990), pg. 52
    19. 19. Islamic Prayers Physical and Mental Benefits <ul><li>Research #1 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Malaysia's Biomedical Engineering Department [1] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study concluded that postures during the prayers are beneficial to the heart, spine and the capacity of memory and attention . </li></ul></ul>[1] http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1165993870848&pagename=Zone-English-News/NWELayout
    20. 20. Islamic Prayers Physical and Mental Benefits <ul><li>Research #2 </li></ul><ul><li>King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Salat prayer has psychological, musculoskeletal and cerebral effects on improving the muscular functions of geriatric, disabled and dementic patient in a rehabilitation program. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The physical activities involved in the performance of salat helps in the rehabilitation process by improving blood flow and increasing muscoskeletal fitness . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The salat prayer involves little effort (standing, bowing, prostration and sitting), has a short duration and is beneficial for mental and physical health . </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly people and disabled person can gain significant health benefits with a mild to moderate amount of physical activity, like the performance of salat, preferably daily. </li></ul><ul><li>American Heart Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific evidence supports the notion that moderate intensity activities, when performed daily , can have some long-term health benefits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The physiotherapist of the rehabilitation center who assists the patient to restore and preserve joint range of motion through mobilization techniques and exercise may take this prayer system as a model for restoring the residual strength of the patient. </li></ul>EVALUATION OF A NEW PHYSICAL EXERCISE TAKEN FROM SALAT PRAYER AS A SHORT-DURATION AND FREQUENT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE REHABILITATION OF GERIATRIC AND DISABLED PATIENTS Mohammed Faruque Reza, MBBS; Yuji Urakami, MD; Yukio Mano, MD, PhD Ann Saudi Med 2002;22(3-4):177-180.
    21. 21. Islamic Prayers Physical and Mental Benefits <ul><li>More Research </li></ul><ul><li>It was noted that the five daily prayers produce the same physiological changes without any undesirable side effects as those produced by jogging or walking at about three miles per hour. Recent research studies performed on 17,000 Harvard alumni who entered college between 1916-1950 give strong evidence that only moderate aerobic exercise, equivalent to jogging about 3 miles a day, promotes good health and may actually add years to life . </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard University researcher, Dr. Herbert Benson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of a prayer, Ayaat of the Quran or remembrance of Allah or muscular activity coupled with passive disregard of intensive thoughts causes a &quot;relaxation response&quot; that leads to the lowering of Blood Pressure and decreases in oxygen consumption and a reduction in heart and respiratory rates . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This calm state of the mind may be partly due to the release of encephalins, beta-endorphins (endogenous morphines) and others into the blood circulation. Beta-endorphin found in the brain and GI(gastro-intestinal) tract is the most potent of the endorphins and is a powerful analgesic (pain killer) in humans and animals. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many more conclusions on the internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We restricted to only research data </li></ul></ul>http://www.islamfortoday.com/syed03.htm
    22. 22. Benefits of Prayer Spiritual Physical Christianity Judaism Secularism <ul><ul><li>Eastern Religions </li></ul></ul>Islam (performed daily as an obligation)
    23. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Islam is the only religion where physical movements of prayers are combined with spiritual exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>When prayers are practiced throughout a person's life, recurring every few hours or so, trains a person to undertake the difficult task of meditation during physical maneuvers of prayers, so that the one who performs the prayer benefits both from spiritual as well as physical exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship with God is demonstrated and put into practice, as well as improved and increased by the prayer. </li></ul>

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