Uganda Status Report

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Uganda Status Report

  1. 1. IHACC UGANDA RESEARCH SUMMARY FOR MONTREAL CONFERENCE AUGUST 17, 2010
  2. 2. 1
  3. 3. Pilot research team: (L to R) Celine, Thomas, Kathryn, and Obed
  4. 4. Research site: Kanungu district, Southwest Uganda
  5. 5. We worked with Batwa Pygmy communities close to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, famous as the home of half of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas
  6. 6. Forest remains on the hills while areas closer to town have been heavily cultivated, e.g. for tea plantations
  7. 7. Mukongoro Batwa Pygmy community
  8. 8. Mukongoro as illustrated by a participant in our mapping exercise
  9. 9. The hills around Mukongoro are used to grow cassava, beans, banana, millet, sorghum, among many crops.
  10. 10. Kihembe Batwa Pygmy community
  11. 11. Kihembe as illustrated by a participant in our mapping exercise
  12. 12. Mukongoro community members celebrate a successful week of research with traditional dancing
  13. 13. Kihembe celebrates with dancing and drumming
  14. 14. We used participatory rapid rural appraisal research methods. The community became a part of our research team.
  15. 15. Methods used included household semi-structured interviews, key informant interviews, biographies, future storylines, participatory mapping, and community meetings.
  16. 16. PhotoVoice was conducted with 21 local participants
  17. 17. Community members were taught to use digital cameras
  18. 18. Through photography, community members could show us how their environment affects their health
  19. 19. After the photos were taken, we met in groups to discuss them
  20. 20. Children taking part in our mapping exercise
  21. 21. Finished product
  22. 22. Research Results: KEY HEALTH CONCERNS
  23. 23. 1. Water
  24. 24. Water sources for drinking and household use are dirty and often dry up for a couple of months every year
  25. 25. 2. Sanitation: Communities lack proper latrines and other waste disposal facilities
  26. 26. 3. Malnutrition: Almost all families reported not having enough to eat both in calories and nutrition
  27. 27. Children appeared visibly malnourished
  28. 28. 4. Land: Agricultural plots are small and the soil exhausted
  29. 29. 5. Housing: Wind and rain can penetrate into the mud and grass huts of the Batwa, leading to illnesses such as pneumonia
  30. 30. 7. Money: Many families cannot afford household necessities such as pots which are used for cooking and boiling water
  31. 31. Lacking income, families cannot afford mosquito nets to cover their beds
  32. 32. Children are by far the most sensitive to disease
  33. 33. The most common illnesses reported were malaria, cough, ‘stomach itching’ and worms
  34. 34. Research Results: ADAPTIVE CAPACITY OF HEALTH SYSTEMS
  35. 35. Traditional medicine is used as primary healthcare
  36. 36. Western healthcare is turned to secondly
  37. 37. Climate change predictions for the region include…
  38. 38. More extreme seasons. The dry season will be drier and the rainy season rainier.
  39. 39. Warmer temperatures
  40. 40. Increase in severe weather events
  41. 41. Adaptations include…
  42. 42. Livelihood diversification
  43. 43. Change in agricultural practices
  44. 44. Waste disposal

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