Importance of physical therapy and treatment methods
Importance of Physical Therapy and
Physical therapy focuses on pain relief, promotes healing
and restores normal function and movement related to a
Physical therapy is a traditional treatment method that
involves exercises to treat
conditions and to help
It mainly focuses on pain
healing and restores normal function and movement after
Physical therapy plays a prominent role in assisting people
with permanent disabilities. It is also advised for people
who have suffered serious injuries, and accident survivors
who are currently in the stage of recuperation. People with
crippling diseases such as arthritis, low back pain, or even
cerebral palsy can benefit from this option.
Many people believe that with proper physical exercise
they can effectively manage their pain and rehabilitation.
But this may not be true in all cases. Physical therapists are
specialists trained and educated specifically in different
rehabilitation methods. They work closely with the
patient’s referring physician to develop an individual plan
suitable for each patient.
Physical Therapy - Treatment Methods
As an initial step in the treatment process, a physical
therapist makes a thorough evaluation about how a specific
injury came about. Unless and until the therapist
understands the root cause of the problem, he/she may not
be able to offer permanent pain relief. Reliable healthcare
centers offer physical therapy services for treating different
types of injuries such as low back pain, knee pain, muscle
and joint disorders, foot injuries, and sprains. The different
methods for physical therapy treatment are mentioned
• Ice – This treatment method is an effective way to
reduce muscle spasm and prevent inflammation
following injury. Cold therapy will make the joint
more mobile and enhance the effect of manual
• Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
(TENS) - This method helps to restore muscular
function following a traumatic injury. It uses low-
voltage electrical current for relief from acute pain; the
treatment relieves stiffness, and improves mobility.
Physical therapists apply a minor but steady electrical
stimulus that can cause contractions from muscles
(that may otherwise remain dormant).
• Ultrasound – Ultrasound is an ideal option for
treating connective tissue injuries. It utilizes sound
waves (undetectable to the human ear) to generate heat
deep in the body. A wand is used to directly and safely
apply the sound waves to the skin, the heat of which
helps in the healing process, reducing the
inflammation and swelling.
• Traction – This method separates the vertebrae to
give more space for the nerves and less compression
on disc cartilage. Research has proven that this
method is useful for reducing pain and enhancing the
quality of life of patients with a herniated lumbar disc.
• Massage and Myofascial Release – This therapy is
suitable for people with soft tissue problems. Fascia is
the tissue that covers muscle fibers. Hence, any
specific injury to this muscle fiber leads to tightening
of the surrounding fascia and fibers. This causes acute
pain and other symptoms.
Apart from the above mentioned methods, reliable
healthcare centers also provide rehabilitation services and
injury prevention education as well.