WomenHeart Education Webinar


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  • WomenHeart Education Webinar

    1. 1. “Eating” To Your Heart’s Content: The Role of Diet and Supplements in Heart Health<br />Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD, Pennsylvania State University<br />October 6, 2010<br />
    2. 2. How can I use nutrition to support my heart health?<br />The role of proper nutrition<br />Food groups and nutrients to emphasize<br />Benefits of fish oil<br />Benefits of plant sterols<br />Amounts needed everyday to realize the benefits<br />Where do supplements fit in?<br />
    3. 3. Role of Proper Nutrition<br />Increase nutrients that are heart healthy<br />Omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fiber, plant sterols, unsaturated fat<br />Reduce nutrients that are not heart healthy<br />Saturated fat, trans fat, sodium, dietary cholesterol<br />Maintain a healthy weight<br />Target calories based on age and gender<br />Balance food intake with physical activity<br />
    4. 4. How proper nutrition can reduce the risk of heart disease<br />Supply essential nutrients<br />Magnesium, potassium, calcium, fiber, etc.<br />Lowering cholesterol reduces risk of heart disease.<br />1 percent reduction in cholesterol = 1 percent reduction in risk <br />Balance nutrition with physical activity, stress reduction, and smoking cessation to further reduce risk.<br />
    5. 5. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize<br />Soluble dietary fiber<br />Can lower cholesterol levels by decreasing the amount of cholesterol absorbed in the intestine<br />Are also known as viscous fiber and can be found in fruits and vegetables such as okra, bananas, eggplant, whole grains and legumes.<br />
    6. 6. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize<br />Consuming unsaturated fat in place of saturated fat <br />Reduces cholesterol levels.<br />Smart tip: choose fats that are liquid at room temperature (unsaturated) rather than those that are solid at room temperature(saturated) <br />Examples of easy substitutions are cooking with vegetable oil instead of lard or spread nut butter on your toast instead of butter<br />The American Heart Association recommends keeping your total saturated fat intake to less than 7% of your total daily calories<br />
    7. 7. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize<br />Fish oil <br />Fish oil contains the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA, which are important to consume because the human body does not make very much of these. <br />The American Heart Association recommends that those with CHD eat one gram of DHA and EPA per day (in consultation with your doctor). <br />
    8. 8. Benefits of fish oil<br />Reduces the risk of heart disease<br />Supports a healthy blood pressure<br />Helps maintain normal triglyceride levels<br />
    9. 9. Amounts needed for prevention and treatment<br />Fish Oil<br />Dose needed<br />2 servings of fish per week, preferably fatty for prevention of coronary disease<br />1 serving = 3 oz.<br />3 oz of Atlantic Salmon contains ~1 gram of omega-3<br />About the same as one daily dose of fish oil supplements<br />1 gram per day for persons with coronary disease<br />2-4 grams per day for triglyceride lowering <br />Amount of food to achieve the dose<br />You would have to eat on average 3.0 oz. of salmon every day to consume the same amount of omega-3 fats in one daily dose of a (~1.0 g) fish oil supplement. <br />
    10. 10. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize<br />Plant sterols <br />Have been recognized by the FDA for their cholesterol lowering benefits.<br />Fruits and vegetables contain sterols, but not in high enough doses to be therapeutic.<br />Benefits of sterols<br />Decreased cholesterol levels by binding of bile acids to prevent absorption of cholesterol in the gut<br />
    11. 11. Amounts needed for prevention and treatment<br />Plant Sterols<br />2 grams per day of plant sterols<br />In order to get this amount through food, you’d have to eat every day:<br />1 ¼ cup sesame seeds or<br />more than 1 lb. of broccoli or<br />80 apples or<br />More than 1 cup of corn oil<br />
    12. 12. Role of supplements in heart health promotion<br />Achieving effective dose – evaluate and recommend by physician<br />Evaluate dietary and lifestyle choices<br />Formulate customized recommendations for diet and lifestyle<br />Integrate supplements to complement diet and lifestyle<br />Choose supplements that have demonstrated quality and efficacy standards<br />Look for USP seal<br />Demonstrate calorie savings from supplements<br />Calories in one pound of broccoli= 170 kcal more per day<br />Calories in 0.5 ounces of salmon= 25 kcal more per day<br />Calories in > 1 cup corn oil= 1,980 kcal more per day<br />
    13. 13. Conclusions<br />Take control of your heart health by<br />Choosing foods that can reduce risk<br />Limiting foods that provide harmful nutrients<br />Maintaining a healthy weight<br />Making other lifestyle modifications<br />Including supplements such as fish oil and plant sterols<br />
    14. 14. <ul><li>WomenHeart and NatureMade® partnered to launch 100,000 Heartbeats campaign to help Americans get proactive about heart health
    15. 15. Help spread the word on heart health and unlock a $100,000 donation from Nature Made to WomenHeart
    16. 16. www.womenheart.naturemade.com
    17. 17. Facebook at www.facebook.com/naturemade
    18. 18. Complete web survey and provide mailing address for product samples </li></li></ul><li>We’re happy to answer any questions. Thank you for your participation.<br />