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EdTech: communicating,
learning in virtual presence
(part of a flipped lecture on MOOC, mLearning
within a blended learnin...
This presentation is part of a flipped lecture. The lecture
description can be found here (google doc). Prior to the
lectu...
Finding your top job?
• https://www.pinterest.com/brainrecovery/working-life-and-people/
How to become & stay an expert?
Learning dynamics across the
ages
Similarities…
• Language unification (scientific language: Latin/Greec,
Spanish in the Golden Era, Arabic Golden Age)
• Ex...
… it still works
• Global languages take over
• Technology links people worldwide
• Networking on a global scale
• Global ...
Learning is a natural phenomenon
=> Social component, ‘social learning’
=> Individual preferences
=> Intrinsic motivation
...
Educational technology builds upon
age-long proven learning dynamics
Adds:
• Reach: global
• Size: connecting more people
...
Educational technology?
• New alternatives to old actions (telegrams versus
tweets)
• Connecting across location and time
...
Big business
Growing response to
societal change &
demand
Technology: not only devices
• Mobile: just in time, context, overal op ieder tijdstip
• Web & Internet
• Internet based l...
‘Hidden’ within technology
• Algorithms (providing Big Data, offering personalised search
information…)
• Potential filter...
Learning with less boundaries
• Anytime (synchronous EdTech (hang-out, skype meetings…) or/and
asynchronous (social media ...
Mobile learning
• Just-in-time learning
• Staying up-to-date (classes,
clickers, institutional
communications)
• Anytime/a...
MOOCs
What is a MOOC?
SPOC
• Massive: no limits for enrolment (Small)
• Open: publicly accessible (Private)
• Online: all the co...
Why do learners enrol?
More committed enrolment: personal or professional
need
Less committed enrolment: Leisure learners,...
FutureLearn: European platform
xMOOC: transformative, content is mainly using video,
discussions, texts and assignments
• ...
EdX – France TV - FutureLearn – Coursera - FUN
21
MOOC demographics
MOOC’rs :
• Leisure learning increases (cfr. documentaries)
• Personal interest
• Professional developme...
Transformative model: expert shares knowledge.
• Video (transcripts, commenting)
• Online asynchronous discussion
• Test k...
MOOC blending
Video and sources from MOOCs (in blended learning)
Use texts or documents
Flipped lecture approach
• Look at...
MOOC learning = Informal,
Personal Learning
Personal learning?
• Learning goals
• (Intrinsic) motivation
Informal learning increases
• What U want
• Where U want it
• When U want it
• How U want it
Intrinsic motivation
Personal...
Individual or social learning?
63% individual 37% social
Looking or
sharing with
others
Course Course
facilitators
Course ...
Social learning enriches
• Authentic experiences
• Latest information from authentic environments
• Multiple solutions dep...
BUT! The MOOC Effect
• Bigger universities have more financial means
• Algorithms from Big Data / data mining (more person...
Rethinking degrees
University
(formal)
Mini-masters
(university &
industry)
Professioneel
degree
Choices will become more focused:
education/industry/politics
• Promoting STEM:
based on work (critical
voices)
• Pre-asse...
Does freedom of
choice increase
or decrease?
• Too many STEM (re-
educating many)
• Pre-assessments push
towards specific ...
Competencies
• Digital literacy
• Critical thinking
• Language capable
(Second language:
Engels/Mandarin/Spani
sh/Arabic/R...
Digital skills
Your critical thoughts
Screenshots of your submissions
(covering: algorithms, clickbaits, fake news, social media
angles, ...
• First question: does technology have a
communicative benefit to learn a particular
subject? Why?
• Why did you decide to study at this particular
university?
If you could study at any university, which one
would you cho...
• Who do you learn from?
• Do they have opposing ideas or most of the time
similar ideas?
• What is your prefered way of learning? Which
sources do you use? Why?
• What was your reason for choosing this MOOC?
• Do you consider yourself digitally literate? On
what do you base your opinion?
• Which algorithm would you like to develop? What
would be its purpose? How would this affect
communication?
• Which type of media helps you learn (skype,
video, texts (books, papers), discussion forums,
audio books, podcasts, mobi...
• What is your prefered way of learning (individual
or social)? Why?
• How critical are you when you read information?
Who taught you to think critically? Where do you
get your factual inform...
• On what basis would you select material for a
lecture? On what basis would you decide to add
some information? Which typ...
• On what occasion do you use your smartphone for
learning? What is the advantage of using your
smartphone on those occasi...
EdTech: communicating and learning virtually - Example of a flipped lecture
EdTech: communicating and learning virtually - Example of a flipped lecture
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EdTech: communicating and learning virtually - Example of a flipped lecture

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This presentation was part of a flipped lecture on EdTech communication and learning. It was used for a flipped lecture at the VUB (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) in May 2017. This lecture followed a previous learner action engaging in a MOOC discussion forum, and was followed by a fishbowl discussion to deepen the students perception of EdTech and communication.

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EdTech: communicating and learning virtually - Example of a flipped lecture

  1. 1. EdTech: communicating, learning in virtual presence (part of a flipped lecture on MOOC, mLearning within a blended learning course) Inge (Ignatia) de Waard
  2. 2. This presentation is part of a flipped lecture. The lecture description can be found here (google doc). Prior to the lecture, learners had to engage in a MOOC discussion forum, after this lecture a fishbowl discussion took place.
  3. 3. Finding your top job? • https://www.pinterest.com/brainrecovery/working-life-and-people/
  4. 4. How to become & stay an expert?
  5. 5. Learning dynamics across the ages
  6. 6. Similarities… • Language unification (scientific language: Latin/Greec, Spanish in the Golden Era, Arabic Golden Age) • Exchanging technology (knowledge, papyrus, books, engineering)… walks, talks, discussions • Networking and strengthening ties • Power supporting and stimulating networks (e.g. Medici, Carnegie…)
  7. 7. … it still works • Global languages take over • Technology links people worldwide • Networking on a global scale • Global corporate power: Google, Amazon, Facebook, MOOCs …
  8. 8. Learning is a natural phenomenon => Social component, ‘social learning’ => Individual preferences => Intrinsic motivation Personal learning goals, depending on experience & interest Learning is embedded in our genes
  9. 9. Educational technology builds upon age-long proven learning dynamics Adds: • Reach: global • Size: connecting more people • Speed of knowledge exchange • Distributed content & knowledge creation Risks • Filtering existing knowledge • Less critical curation of information
  10. 10. Educational technology? • New alternatives to old actions (telegrams versus tweets) • Connecting across location and time • More people connected
  11. 11. Big business Growing response to societal change & demand
  12. 12. Technology: not only devices • Mobile: just in time, context, overal op ieder tijdstip • Web & Internet • Internet based learning: eLearning (SPOCs, MOOC)
  13. 13. ‘Hidden’ within technology • Algorithms (providing Big Data, offering personalised search information…) • Potential filter bubbles due to black boxes (professional hair due, unprofessional hair due) • Data dispersed to others, who has access to what?
  14. 14. Learning with less boundaries • Anytime (synchronous EdTech (hang-out, skype meetings…) or/and asynchronous (social media or forum discussions, peer-to-peer reviews, …) • Anyplace: using your own device (BYOD), or accessing through other devices wherever you are
  15. 15. Mobile learning • Just-in-time learning • Staying up-to-date (classes, clickers, institutional communications) • Anytime/anywhere learning (bite size nuggets) • Contextual learning (languages in new cities, ad hoc information searches)
  16. 16. MOOCs
  17. 17. What is a MOOC? SPOC • Massive: no limits for enrolment (Small) • Open: publicly accessible (Private) • Online: all the content and discussions shared online • Course: a stand-alone or part of training/curriculum, certificates or not…
  18. 18. Why do learners enrol? More committed enrolment: personal or professional need Less committed enrolment: Leisure learners, unclear expectations, loosely interested (format or content)
  19. 19. FutureLearn: European platform xMOOC: transformative, content is mainly using video, discussions, texts and assignments • Courses open to all (with paid versions) • Low threshold (for free courses, prior knowledge described) • Social learning as benefit 20
  20. 20. EdX – France TV - FutureLearn – Coursera - FUN 21
  21. 21. MOOC demographics MOOC’rs : • Leisure learning increases (cfr. documentaries) • Personal interest • Professional development / lifelong learning • Home scholing (percentages from FutureLearn: oldest learner 92 years) 22
  22. 22. Transformative model: expert shares knowledge. • Video (transcripts, commenting) • Online asynchronous discussion • Test knowledge based on information uptake MOOC elements 23
  23. 23. MOOC blending Video and sources from MOOCs (in blended learning) Use texts or documents Flipped lecture approach • Look at media prior to class • Search and discuss sources and material 24
  24. 24. MOOC learning = Informal, Personal Learning Personal learning? • Learning goals • (Intrinsic) motivation
  25. 25. Informal learning increases • What U want • Where U want it • When U want it • How U want it Intrinsic motivation Personal learning goals
  26. 26. Individual or social learning? 63% individual 37% social Looking or sharing with others Course Course facilitators Course peers Professional colleagues In- course Friends Family Partner Other (%) Outside course Looking for answers Personal interest 12 37 11 60% 4 19 11 6 40% Professional interest 17 45 10 72% 8 5 8 7 28% Sharing experiences Person. Int. 2 35 13 50% 13 29 7 2 51% Prof. int. 1 32 17 50% 16 19 15 0 50%
  27. 27. Social learning enriches • Authentic experiences • Latest information from authentic environments • Multiple solutions depending on contexts • Additional reflections on the learners own experience & why they solved something their way.
  28. 28. BUT! The MOOC Effect • Bigger universities have more financial means • Algorithms from Big Data / data mining (more personalised learner support) • Are we on our way towards global universities or niche universities?
  29. 29. Rethinking degrees University (formal) Mini-masters (university & industry) Professioneel degree
  30. 30. Choices will become more focused: education/industry/politics • Promoting STEM: based on work (critical voices) • Pre-assessments (competencies: innovation, cognitive excellence, entrepreneurship…)
  31. 31. Does freedom of choice increase or decrease? • Too many STEM (re- educating many) • Pre-assessments push towards specific goals • Algorithms direct what you learn, read, can choose from, pay for…
  32. 32. Competencies • Digital literacy • Critical thinking • Language capable (Second language: Engels/Mandarin/Spani sh/Arabic/Russian) • Adaptive
  33. 33. Digital skills
  34. 34. Your critical thoughts Screenshots of your submissions (covering: algorithms, clickbaits, fake news, social media angles, being and staying critical, blurring of personal/professional IDs, ethics) Examples of the anonymised screenshots are given at this moment, organised per topic
  35. 35. • First question: does technology have a communicative benefit to learn a particular subject? Why?
  36. 36. • Why did you decide to study at this particular university? If you could study at any university, which one would you choose? Why?
  37. 37. • Who do you learn from? • Do they have opposing ideas or most of the time similar ideas?
  38. 38. • What is your prefered way of learning? Which sources do you use? Why?
  39. 39. • What was your reason for choosing this MOOC?
  40. 40. • Do you consider yourself digitally literate? On what do you base your opinion?
  41. 41. • Which algorithm would you like to develop? What would be its purpose? How would this affect communication?
  42. 42. • Which type of media helps you learn (skype, video, texts (books, papers), discussion forums, audio books, podcasts, mobile applications/apps, games, …)? Which one do you prefer?
  43. 43. • What is your prefered way of learning (individual or social)? Why?
  44. 44. • How critical are you when you read information? Who taught you to think critically? Where do you get your factual information from?
  45. 45. • On what basis would you select material for a lecture? On what basis would you decide to add some information? Which types of media would you use?
  46. 46. • On what occasion do you use your smartphone for learning? What is the advantage of using your smartphone on those occasions?

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