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Les qualités d'un leader, d'un manager

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Six qualités de chef, de manager, de leader....
Comment manager en s'inspirant des idées de Carl von Clausewitz ? Voici six qualités principales retenues par le célèbre auteur de « vom Kriege»:
courage - intrépidité - maîtrise de soi - persévérance - résolution - volonté.

De plus, « La guerre est le domaine du hasard. Il accentue l’incertitude en toutes circonstances et entrave le cours des évènements ». Clausewitz résume ainsi les qualités nécessaires au chef de guerre pour traverser sans dommage ces conflits incessants avec l’imprévu :
• L’esprit qui, dans l’obscurité, ne perd pas trace de la lueur qui conduit à la vérité ;
• Le courage de suivre cette faible lueur.
Ce qui vaut pour le chef de guerre, vaut tout autant pour l’entrepreneur ou le manager.

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Les qualités d'un leader, d'un manager

  1. 1. LES QUALITÉS D’UN MANAGER ………SELON CLAUSEWITZ Présentation proposée par Jean-Luc Cuny, du réseau Thémis 1 Juin 2014
  2. 2. L’homme 2 Carl von Clausewitz (1780 – 1831) Général prussien Officier et stratégiste Directeur de l’école militaire de Berlin de 1818 à 1830
  3. 3. L’œuvre 3 Vom Kriege (de la guerre) 8 livres écrits entre 1817 et 1831 et parus entre 1832 et 1834 Œuvre inachevé, selon Clausewitz, sauf le premier chapitre du livre I (écrit en 1818, réécrit en 1829)
  4. 4. Les qualités d’un leader 4 Le livre I traite de la nature de la guerre. Le livre III évoque la stratégie en général. Les qualités qu’on peut attendre d’un chef, d’un leader, sont évoquées dans ces pages. Si ces qualités ne sont pas exclusives, elles sont toujours d’actualité. Ce qui vaut pour le chef de guerre, vaut tout autant pour l’entrepreneur ou le manager.
  5. 5. Le courage 5 «Le courage est de deux sortes : d’abord le courage personnel puis le courage devant les responsabilités » Livre I  Aller au contact (physique si nécessaire), lorsque la situation l’exige, plutôt que d’envoyer un collaborateur « au carton »……..  Ne pas laisser les autres endosser la responsabilité de ses propres décisions. Le manager assume.
  6. 6. La volonté 6 «La nécessité de surmonter la résistance…exige une force de volonté considérable de la part du chef» Livre I  Volonté: énergie, fermeté, force de caractère et d’esprit qui s’oppose à l’habitude, la routine, le statu quo, la peur du changement ou de l’inconnu, l’aversion au risque et à l’incertitude….  le manager convainc, persuade, toujours explique, parfois impose….
  7. 7. La maîtrise de soi 7 « L’âme forte appartient à celui qui sait rester maître de lui sous le coup des pires émotions ». Livre I  Comme l’aiguille d’un compas sur un navire lors d’une tempête.  Malgré ses émotions, le manager conserve son indispensable capacité de jugement.
  8. 8. La résolution 8 « La résolution est le courage appliqué à un cas particulier ». Livre I  Ce n’est pas un choix, mais une obligation.  Capacité du manager à agir sous la pression.
  9. 9. La persévérance 9 « Il n’y a presque pas d’exploit glorieux qui ne se réalise au prix d’efforts infinis, de peines et de privations ; l’être est alors toujours prêt à céder, et c’est encore l’énergie manifestée par une constance…qui mènera au but ». Livre III  le courage dans la durée  la constance dans l’effort
  10. 10. L’intrépidité 10 Chaque fois que l’intrépidité rencontre la pusillanimité, les chances de succès sont nécessairement de son côté » Livre III  Mesurer puis accepter le risque  En assumer les conséquences en connaissance de cause  Choix délibéré et conscient (contrairement à la résolution)
  11. 11. Pour aller plus loin…… 11 … les travaux du Général (cr) Gil Fiévet et particulièrement À l’écoute de Clausewitz Penser l’action en stratège Addim - 1998
  12. 12. Nous contacter 12 Vous perfectionner en management ou former vos cadres et futurs collaborateurs: n’hésitez pas à nous contacter. www.reseau-themis.fr contact@reseau-themis.fr Créé et développé par et pour des chefs d'entreprises, le réseau Thémis a une priorité: soutenir la croissance de votre entreprise.

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