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Shenggen Fan, Director of IFPRI GFPR 2013


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Shenggen Fan, Director of IFPRI GFPR 2013

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Shenggen Fan, Director of IFPRI GFPR 2013

  1. 1. No room for complacency • Fairly stable global food prices until Jan. 2014 • But trends vary by country and region • Rising prices of high-value foods in China and India
  2. 2. Nutrition gets the spotlight • Increased investments – G8 Nutrition for Growth Summit • Expansion of New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition – 10 African countries incl. Senegal • Bigger momentum of SUN Movement – 30 African countries incl. Senegal • New evidence – The Lancet Series
  3. 3. Post-2015 agenda and SDGs gain traction • Recognition of linkages among development outcomes • BUT lack of consensus on agriculture, food, and nutrition goals Picture
  4. 4. Regional and national developments • South Asia: Strategic actions for ensuring food security and adapting to climate change; India’s Right to Food Act • Central Asia & Russia: New reforms incl. improve agricultural productivity, agribusiness competitiveness, and trade • Middle East & North Africa: Impressive food policies incl. land reform, open data initiative • Africa: Development of Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa; CAADP is 10; Senegal is one of 7 countries that surpassed the 10% target in most years INSERT PICTURE
  5. 5.  Agricultural growth • More than 6% per year in Ethiopia and Nigeria since 2000  Urbanization • 60% of total food consumed by urban dwellers  Diet diversification • Significant shift towards high-value and processed foods  Food supply chain transformation • 10’s of 1000s of SMEs investing in trucking, wholesale, storage, processing, and retail The agri-food system is transforming in Africa Source: Keizire-Blackie 2013; Reardon et al. 2013
  6. 6. End hunger and undernutrition by 2025  For ethical and economic reasons  BUT governments and donors must devote sufficient resources and implement appropriate polices  African Union committed to this goal INSERT PICTURE
  7. 7. The right strategies can speed up progress
  8. 8.  Sustainable agricultural intensification • Nitrogen-use efficiency can improve global rice yields by 20%  New technologies in and outside of agriculture • Higher investments in agricultural R&D boost productivity • Access to SMS Text increases farmgate prices for maize by 13% in Ghana  Effective social safety nets • Context-specific cash transfers increase caloric acquisition by 20% in Uganda A comprehensive approach is crucial
  9. 9. Moving forward  Post-2015 agenda needs • People-focused goals with clear targets and timelines • Comprehensive data and metrics • Partnerships among all stakeholders • Strong accountabil-ity • Country-led strategies are crucial for success Picture
  10. 10.  Mixed progress • 4% per year reduction in child stunting (1992-2012) • 0.1% per year reduction in undernourishment (1992-2013)  To accelerate pace of reduction • Enhance public investment in agric. R&D and extension • Tailor strategies to different types of smallholders • Expand investment in nutrition-specific interventions (e.g. micronutrient supplementation) • Scale up affordable, productive safety nets Senegal has a key role to play Source: SUN movement 2012; Fan et al. 2013; FAO 2013; WDI 2013
  11. 11. “It always seems impossible until it's done” - Nelson Mandela