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Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) - Jean Balié, FAO ReSAKSS Conference, Dakar, 12 and 13 November 2013

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Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) - Jean Balié, FAO ReSAKSS Conference, Dakar, 12 and 13 November 2013

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Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) - Jean Balié, FAO ReSAKSS Conference, Dakar, 12 and 13 November 2013

  1. 1. Public expenditure in selected West and East African countries: The Maputo Target and what’s behind it? Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) Jean Balié, FAO ReSAKSS Conference, Dakar, 12 and 13 November 2013 With the financial support of
  2. 2. MAFAP System 1. Working with national partners to build evidence a) Price incentives for key agricultural value chains b) Public expenditure and aid c) Policy coherence 2. Facilitating policy dialogue, uptake and advocacy – Regional (CAADP) and national (investment plans, policy reforms) 3. Developing institutional capacities 4. Establishing a community of practice
  3. 3. Overarching categories Categories Sub-categories Components Payments to consumers Individual support to food and agriculture Cash Food aid School feeding Payments to producers Inputs subsidies Payments to other agents Agriculture-specific expenditure (food and agriculture development support) Research Feeder roads General support to food and agriculture Technical assistance/extension services Training Irrigation Storage Inspection Marketing Rural education Agriculture-supportive expenditure (rural development support) Idem Rural health Rural infrastructure Income support
  4. 4. Governments agreed to Level of public expenditure for increase PE in support to Ag. and rural Absolute Relative agriculture and rural development: development (CAADP) ≠ Decline of PE Overall decline of public expenditure for ag. and rural development between 200610% and 2010
  5. 5. Behind the Maputo target… From 2006 to 2010 : National spending : +14% ` Donor spending : -8.3%
  6. 6. Behind the Maputo target… (2006-07 vs 2008-10) Share of aid in public expenditure for food and agriculture Burkina Faso -10 Kenya +2 Mali -2 Tanzania -19 Uganda -19
  7. 7. Behind the Maputo target… Share of total Ag PE per Ag PE per budget going to ag agricultural worker agricultural land – (05-10) - USD (05-10) USD/ha (05-10) Burkina Faso 15.5 % 46 22 Kenya 6.3% 62 18 Mali 11 % 74 4 Tanzania 12.1% 34 14 Uganda 11.1% 51 31
  8. 8. Composition – general categories Policy objectives focus on boosting production and Decline of rural expenditure productivity rather than fostering rural development. Specialization towardsin ruralspecialization of Share of donor spending agricultural East Africa : development Burkina specific expenditureMali Tanzania indirect) (direct and Uganda expenditure towards private goods Kenya Faso rather than public. 82% 0 83% 64% 31
  9. 9. Composition – Ag-specific support Pillar 3 of CAADP- Promotion of Low support to consumers though public food security by fostering productivity and production and spending. improving food availability PE target mainly producers.
  10. 10. Composition – payments to producer Coherent with national policy strategies for Western African Western African countries: capital (on 90 countries : boosting rice production 80 farm irrigation) and yields. 70 On-farm services Eastern African countries: variable based East African : technology inputs 60 Burkina Faso improvmt of productivity Capital 50 Irriga on 100 75% 40 Variable inputs 30 Other 25% 20 Composition of capital subsidies 10 0 MALI BURKINA FASO UGANDA TANZANIA KENYA
  11. 11. Composition – indirect ag-specific Research and dissemination of Pillar 4- Investments in agricultural Pillar 2- Improved market access knowledge research Limited support to marketing Overall relative decline activitiesSupported trough infrastructure Higher spending in spending African Eastern Countries in support to research but overall relative decline.
  12. 12. Composition – groups of commodities Crops mostly targeted Share of PE targeting individual commodities : more diversified East Africa West Africa support than
  13. 13. Conclusions  after food crisis, mixed signals sent to producers: price & trade policies versus subsidies  reduction in donor funds affects rural development spending  regional differences: importance of capital, variable inputs, research and extension  period analyzed was exceptional: regular tracking required
  14. 14. Thank you!
  15. 15. For more information: www.fao.org/mafap

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