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Youth and the Food System

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James Thurlow
POLICY SEMINAR
Youth Required: Building Resilient Food Systems for a Sustainable World
Co-Organized by The Hunger Project and IFPRI
JAN 25, 2018 - 09:30 AM TO 11:00 AM EST

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Youth and the Food System

  1. 1. Youth and the Food System James Thurlow, IFPRI Supported by the CGIAR’s Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
  2. 2. Africa’s Youth Bulge is Late (But Not Big) 33 36 25 30 35 40 45 1950 1970 1990 2010 Youthshareofworkingage population(%) Year when youth share peaked Central Asia East Asia Latin America South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Historical population data from UNDESA
  3. 3. Africans Are (Slowly) Leaving Agriculture Uganda Mozambique Ethiopia Angola Chad Ghana Nigeria Tanzania Rwanda Lesotho Kenya The Gambia China Indonesia South KoreaMalaysia Philippines Thailand India Brazil 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Annualdeclineinagriculture’s employmentshare(%-point) Annual GDP growth rate (%) Sub-Saharan Africa Other regions
  4. 4. Food Systems Create Opportunities 42 32 28 34 32 50 52 41 53 45 0 20 40 60 Ethiopia (2011) Malawi (2010) Mozambique (2012) Rwanda (2011) Tanzania (2007) ShareofnationalGDP(%) Catering Inputs Trade Processing Agriculture Agriculture- related…
  5. 5. Less Panic, More Action • Youth are better educated • More likely to migrate and run nonfarm enterprises • Opportunities exist in the food system • Need to align agricultural, industrial, and urban policies (and research!) • IT and social media could be instrumental • Creating new kinds of jobs (“Hello Tractor”) • Linking people to opportunities (and success stories)

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