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Transforming Africa’s Food System with Digital Technologies

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Ousmane Badiane, Katrin Glatzel, and Debisi Araba
POLICY SEMINAR
Transforming Africa’s Food System with Digital Technologies
Co-Organized by the Malabo Montpellier Panel and IFPRI
NOV 26, 2019 - 09:30 AM TO 11:00 AM EST

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Transforming Africa’s Food System with Digital Technologies

  1. 1. www.mamopanel.org Transforming Africa’s Food System with Digital Technologies Washington DC 26 November 2019
  2. 2. Outline Part One: Policy Innovation Part Two: Digitalization in the food system Part Three: Country analysis Part Four: Key Recommendations Ousmane Badiane Panel co-chair Africa Director IFPRI
  3. 3. Annual Agricultural Expenditure Ag. Gross Domestic Product +86% +63% LEARNING FROM POSITIVE CHANGE Where there is progress, there are lessons to be learnt
  4. 4. Share of Population under Poverty Line Level of Malnutrition* -36% -20% -43% * % malnourished population; under-5 stunted and wasted LEARNING FROM POSITIVE CHANGE Where there is progress, there are lessons to be learnt
  5. 5. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 Agricultural value added index, 2000-2017 (1=2000) East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Latin America & Caribbean Middle East & North Africa North America South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa LEARNING FROM POSITIVE CHANGE Where there is progress, there are lessons to be learnt
  6. 6. 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Actual and 2000s trend for the future 1960-1977 growth path 3.2% annual growth rate 7.0% annual growth rate to catch up $700 $1,200 $1,900 Source: Badiane et al (2015). !!!! At current pace of growth It would take decades to make up for the lost ground THE IMPERATIVE TO LEARN Need to make up for lost decades of slow growth and decline
  7. 7. There is still a long way to go despite progress THE IMPERATIVE TO LEARN Hunger Persists in Africa Despite Progress
  8. 8. MaMo Approach to Policy Innovation Policy innovation from top is more likely: • to be adopted and faster, • to be implemented and at scale, • hence to be transformative. Drivers of policy innovation from the top • Failed experiments costlier • Policy change gradual vs transformative • Peer learning to accelerate pace of innovation
  9. 9. Understanding Positive Change • Find out where progress is taking place • Understand what works, how and why Evidence and Dialogue for Policy Innovation Institutional Innovation Policy Innovation Program Interventions Learning from Positive Change • Good practices in policy and program design and implementation • Dialogue and exchange for adoption
  10. 10. Lessons and Good Practices Exchange Among Practitioners Evidence and Dialogue for Policy Innovation
  11. 11. Current members of the Panel Debisi Araba Tom Arnold Ousmane Badiane Nobel Banadda Patrick Caron Gordon Conway Gebisa Ejeta Karim El Aynaoui Ashok Gulati Sheryl Hendriks Muhammadou Kah Agnes Kalibata Nachilala Nkombo Wanjiru Kamau- Rutenberg Ishmael Sunga Rhoda Peace Tumusiime Joachim Von Braun
  12. 12. Outline Part One: Policy Innovation Part Two: Digitalization in the food system Part Three: Country analysis Part Four: Key Recommendations Katrin Glatzel Panel Program Head IFPRI
  13. 13. The Digital Landscape Digital Infrastructure PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR MIX & PARTNERSHIPS • Law, regulations and institutions • Telecommunications; Electric grid • Internet access and affordability, data centers, open standards Digital Platforms PRIVATE SECTOR Collate information and promote broader access to, and more effective use of a range of information and services. Sensors, satellites, robotics Online information services Mobile apps E-commerce & e-business Social Media
  14. 14. Benefits of digitalization for agriculture in Africa Overcome geographic, social and economic isolation Broadcast information fast and cost-effectively Use successful technologies to scale production faster Link farmers to other segments of the value chain
  15. 15. Digital technologies in African food systems Timely, reliable & accurate information • Land administration • Weather forecast Planning e.g. drones for land tenure program in Tanzania. ©House of Switzerland
  16. 16. Digital technologies in African food systems Access to, and adoption of inputs • Finance • Creditworthiness Machinery, tools and inputs • Hiring services • Input information and adoption Inputs ©www.imtfi.ucl.edu
  17. 17. Digital technologies in African food systems Sustainable intensification • Precision farming • Insurance • Digital extension services • Pest and disease management e.g. weather-index insurance in Zimbabwe, EcoFarmer Production ©Stacey Knott
  18. 18. Digital technologies in African food systems Transport Market and price information Storage e.g. connecting farmers in rural Kenya to vendors through Twiga Foods platform in Kenya Post-harvest © CTA
  19. 19. Digital technologies in African food systems Improved nutrition Food safety and traceability e.g. mhealth Nutrition information via USSD/IVR or SMS Consumption © AppsAfrica
  20. 20. Limitations and Risks of Digitalization in Agriculture Limitations Risks Accessibility: • Last mile infrastructure • Digital literacy Cost and Content • Connection/Handset cost • Accuracy and suitability of information Automation and jobs Privacy protection Intellectual property
  21. 21. Elements of an enabling digitalization environment Regulation Financing Digital literacy and skill development Research and development Digital infrastructure Innovation hubs South-South Cooperation
  22. 22. Outline Part One: Policy Innovation Part Two: Digitalization in the food system Part Three: Country analysis Part Four: Key Recommendations Debisi Araba Panel Member Director for Africa CIAT
  23. 23. Country case studies: selection [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE][CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE][CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE][CELLRANGE] [CELLRANGE] 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 MCIindexscore Strengthofmobileinternet EBA index score / Regulatory framework Low EBA & low MCI Low EBA & high MCI High EBA & low MCI High EBA & high MCI
  24. 24. WHAT HAS WORKED Experiences From 7 Case Study Countries Actions at three levels 1. Institutional innovation 2. Policy innovation 3. Programs and interventions Successful interventions Tax measures Digital infrastructure and platform development E-administration Digital literacy Private sector engagement
  25. 25. Côte d’Ivoire Initial focus on 1-2 dominant value chains Fiscal measures from 2015 to 2018: • VAT exemption for ICT sector • Reduction of custom duties CocoaLink • Voice messages and SMS SICOPS • Cocoa post-harvest loss reduction Electronic Auction System E-Agriculture Strategy ©Alamy Stock
  26. 26. ICT 4 Accelerated Development Strategy, in its 5th phase Decentralized eGovernment services Gender lens and use of local languages Platforms for comprehensive eAgriculture services Leading Agtech companies ©L. Sharma (Marchmont Communications) Ghana Inclusive production, development and delivery of digital services
  27. 27. Liberalization of telecommunications sector eGovernment Services; Kenya Open Data Portal Knowledge and information hubs, and Tech-labs Innovative private sector and PPPs Large scale farmer registration Kenya Vigorous promotion of Fintech and Agtech Sector ©Tyler Jones/iAGRI
  28. 28. Institutional and policy innovation: • Joined WTO IT Agreement • Digital Morocco Plan Platforms: • ARDNA: virtual network for advice • Electronic tagging for livestock traceability Two satellites for agriculture Universal broadband access Morocco Institutions and infrastructure for reach & scale ©Martin Heigan
  29. 29. Federal Ministry of Communications Technology • e-Government Department Local production and manufacture of ICT National e-Agriculture Portal ICT Parks National Databases Nigerian Communications Satellite ©State Dept./Doug Thompson Nigeria Local manufacture, capacity and content
  30. 30. Innovations to advance universal access (63 percent 4G coverage) • Digital Senegal Strategy (2016-2025) • Agence de l'Informatique de l'État Targeted Legislation • Commission for the Protection of Personal Data (2008) • Universal Service Law Funding Instruments • Development Fund Senegal Infrastructure and funding for universal access
  31. 31. Smart Rwanda Master Plan Near universal 3G coverage ICT Centers country wide Kigali Innovation City Engineering and design © J. von Braun, Rwanda 2010 Rwanda Holistic strategy for infrastructure, skills, services
  32. 32. Recommendations for national digital agriculture strategies Creating a transparent and smart regulatory environment that promotes the development and confident use of digital technologies and services and limits the risks. Strengthening skill development and digital literacy training for farmers and other actors in the food system as technologically more advanced innovations are being developed. Introducing fiscal incentives to spur digital innovation and to facilitate market entry and the import of technologies until local markets are developed.
  33. 33. Recommendations for national digital agriculture strategies Continued… Investing in supportive and last-mile infrastructure to bridge the digital divide. Developing digital agriculture innovation hubs to create an innovation ecosystem for young people to develop locally suitable technologies and digital solutions.
  34. 34. @MaMoPanel MaMoPanel The Malabo Montpellier Panel Thank you! Download our reports and subscribe to the newsletter www.mamopanel.org

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