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Technologies for Agricultural Transformation


Published on

Rebbie Harawa
The Knowledge Lab on Climate Resilient Food Systems: An analytical support facility to achieve the SDGs
Co-Organized by IFPRI and AGRA
FEB 7, 2019 - 08:30 AM TO 05:55 PM EAT

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Technologies for Agricultural Transformation

  1. 1. AGRA’s Technologies for Agricultural Transformation
  2. 2. Our Aim
  3. 3. Typical “Green Revolution” vs. Sub-Saharan Africa’s Immense Diversity • 49 Countries • Variable agro-ecologies • 17 Major Food Crops (maize, sorghum, rice, millet, beans, cowpea, banana, cassava, sweet potato, Irish potato, tef, barley, groundnut, fonio, faba bean, yams, taro) • High vulnerability to shocks arising from crop disease, drought, climate change, political crises/conflicts and economic volatility.
  4. 4. 4 The Technologies and Services AGRA strives to deliver at farm level • Improved Seed – catalyzer of technological change at farmer level. • Soil Fertility and Improved Fertilizers – building the soil, feeding the crop, including micro-nutrients. • Extension – giving all farmers an opportunity to increase yields and profitability. • Input Supply and Agro-Dealer Development – removing the barrier of physical access to new technologies • Markets – helping farmers meet market demand and standards; growing SME grain traders. • Inclusive Finance – improving access to capital for growth among African agri-businesses. Taking a systems approach in partnership with public and private actors
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6 Soil Fertility & Fertilizer Systems Interventions VBAs, Demos, smaller packs, radio ICT Platforms; Key players: Agro dealers, NGO’s, Fertilizer companies. (i) Awareness Dissemination (a)Physical Access; Key players; Hub and retail agro- dealers, (b)Financial access; Key players, Credit, Risk, Sharing facility offtakers. (i) Enablers (i) Commercialization & Distribution Key players; fertilizer companies Financing partners, banks, AECF, AFAP for capital and working capital for feeder materials and operations), hub agro-dealers, retail agro-dealers. Key players include; NARS, Fertilizer companies e.g. Yara, OCP, Minjigu, MEA, AFAP (ii) Validation Trials: Crop response and omission trials Key players: NARS, CGIARs, NGOs, Fertilizer . (i) Product Development Key Players: National Agriculture Research (NARS), CGIAR Private sector such as Soildoc, soil cares, AfSIS) . (i)Soil Testing & Mapping (ii)Synthesis of existing soil databases Existing soil databases a b c d e Research & Development Technology Dissemination Supply chain & Management Farmer Access Policy - Release of new blends, quality control Financing - Actors in the fertilizer chain including farmers
  7. 7. 7 Input Distribution Interventions • Supply Seeds/Fertilizer/other inputs • Promotion and demand creation Retail / Rural Agro dealers Input Supply Companies Hub Agro dealers Commodity off taker • Avail improved inputs to SHFs, especially in rural areas • Increase awareness and adoption of new technologies • Primary commodity aggregation, storage & PHH • Linking SHFs to structured markets • Other farm & PH services – spraying, shelling, etc • Supply Seeds/Fertilizer/other inputs at Large • Increase awareness and adoption of new technologies • Commodity aggregation, storage & PHH • Commodity aggregation, storage and PHH • Advance cash to SME aggregation to procure produce
  8. 8. Private Sector-Led Extension using the Village-based Advisor Approach VBAs are:  typically hard-working, selfless farmers  selected by, and therefore trusted by, farmers in their villages. VBAs are taught:  how to reach and teach all farmers in their villages, including women and youth;  good crop/soil management and crop protection;  how to produce quality seeds;  post-harvest handling, grain quality standards;  how to earn fees from input supply, aggregation of farmers’ produce and related services. Many VBAs graduate into village-based agro-dealers or agents for companies. This motivates them to continue offering services to farmers after the end of a project.
  9. 9. 9 Create a conducive environment for national and regional trade • Promote and encourage policies favoring trade • Promote and encourage transparent and all inclusive evidence based decision by governments • Develop common framework and message for the coalition of partners with which to engage government and agree on shared priorities Competitive, resilient and inclusive regional commodity markets and value chains • Cross border trade • Structured Trading Enhance support service markets/support functions. • Support SMEs financially/ technical support • Develop digital platform to enhance trade • Promote post harvest management technologies Markets Systems Interventions
  10. 10. 10 Inclusive Finance System
  11. 11. 11 11  Crop disease  Drought  Climate change  Political crises/conflicts and Economic shocks (such as price volatility)  Floods  Commodity price instability  Civil unrest  Environmental degradation  Soil fertility decline  Poor infrastructure  High rates of unemployment Resilience Interventions Prevent, Anticipate, Prepare for, Cope with, recover from shocks Absorptiv e capacity Adaptive capacity Transformativ e capacity • Assets (on and off farm) • Access to other assets (social safety net - formal and informal) • Agricultural Practices that promote increased environmental assets • Income and access to food (Diversification) • Assets (Agricultural/Non Agricultural) • Crop diversification (inter-cropping, rotation) • Use of new technologies (improved seed, blended fertilizers) • Use of appropriate practices (conservation and climate smart agric., post-harvest handling) • Diversified markets • Innovative financial instruments, including insurance • Market-led agric. services • Functioning partnerships • Access to basic services (Education, health, market, Credit, etc.) • Institutional linkages across sectors - access to social safety nets and agric. (formal and informal) • Enabling institutional environment (mitigation & adaptation) • Transformation of Governance (formal and informal)
  12. 12. 12NAI-SRF-ManagementUpdate-20121206-PP Copyright © 2012 Monitor Company Group, L.P. — Confidential In the last 11 years…….still counting. 12 15,000 FOs strengthened 5.4 million farmers aware of ISFM and 50% of them using 600 SMEs trained and aggregated 607,000 MT of produce Catalyzed changes in country and regional policies 114 seed companies -602,000 MT of seed produced; over 30,000 agro-dealers developed Over 643 crop varieties released. 683 graduate students trained
  13. 13. Thank You