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Preventing and addressing food crises through resilience

Luca Russo
IFPRI-FAO conference, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

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Preventing and addressing food crises through resilience

  1. 1. Preventing and addressing food crises through resilience Luca Russo, Senior Food Crises Analyst and Advisor (Resilience), FAO
  2. 2. Rising global hunger and increasingly protracted food crises
  3. 3. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018 (SOFI) The number of undernourished has been on the rise since 2014, reaching 821 million people in 2017
  4. 4. O N • 124 million people across 51 countries facing Crisis (IPC/CH Phase 3) food insecurity or worse • Overall an increase of 16 million or 15% more people compared with previous year report • An increase of 11 million or 11% more people in the 45 countries analyzed in both 2017 and 2018 report KEY FIGURES MAIN CAUSES OF THE INCREASE • New outbreaks and intensified conflict & insecurity e.g. Yemen, Northern Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Myanmar • Consecutive climate shocks affecting livestock and agricultural production e.g. eastern and southern Africa
  5. 5. Number of people in hunger Crisis or worse in countries affected by conflict
  6. 6. Number of people in hunger Crisis or worse in countries affected by climate shocks
  7. 7. South Sudan – August 2013 to March 2019 (IPC)
  8. 8. Why invest in resilient livelihoods?
  9. 9. Why agriculture-based livelihoods in humanitarian contexts? Up to 8 of 10 people rely on crop production, fishing, livestock and forests for their survival Although affected, agriculture is one of few sectors to continue even in conflict
  10. 10. Risk of famine in 2017  In 2016, 30 million people in IPC Phase 3 and above in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen – facing elevated risk of famine  Famine declared in two counties of South Sudan in February 2017  Rapid humanitarian action contained famine in South Sudan and averted famine in the other three countries  But, the numbers in IPC Phases 3 and 4 rose by 5 million in the four countries by end 2017
  11. 11. Humanitarian assistance is CRITICAL but not sufficient on its own – hunger is rising! Humanitarian action to address immediate needs And simultaneously, Development and peace building interventions to address the root causes of food insecurity, prevent conflict/return to conflict and contribute to sustainable peace
  12. 12. What do we need to accelerate efforts to address food crises?
  13. 13. Information, analysis and early warning Implementation Famine data analytics Financing World Bank FAM RIMAGlobal Report
  14. 14. Early Warning Early Action and the right incentives
  15. 15. Partnership: from analysis to consensus building and coordination  IPC/Cadre harmonisé; Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) – building consensus around the situation  Joint programming – building consensus around programming options based on evidence  Joint evaluation and learning to feed back into programming for greater impact in fighting hunger
  16. 16. FAO, WFP, UNICEF joint resilience efforts in Somalia • WFP – safety nets; FAO – focus on production; UNICEF – access to basic services
  17. 17.  Upscaling best practices in development for humanitarian contexts, e.g. osocial protection odisaster risk reduction practices  Engaging peace actors, e.g. olivelihoods options for displaced, returning, disarmed groups onatural resource management to address local-level conflicts Humanitarian, development, peace nexus
  18. 18. Global Network Against Food Crises Initiative Consensus-building mechanism on FSN analysis – TWG 1 (12 FSIN members) Deliverables:  GRFC  Updates (UNSC)  Real time info (web tool) Consensus-building mechanism on response option – TWG 2 (partner members & senior advisors) Deliverables:  HDP programming options  Typology of interventions  Guidance material Advocacy & Policy stakeholders (SDG 2 and SDG16) Operational stakeholders (humanitarian -development -peace nexus) International Peace and Security Organizations - UNSC SDG 2 relevant stakeholders • CFS • FAO/WFP governing bodies Humanitarian & Development coordination system Global Food Security Cluster Global Nutrition Cluster Food Assistance ConventionUNGA/ ECOSOC IASC Working Group IASC Emergency Directors Group (EDG)