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Othman Elshaikh (GoE) • 2018 IFPRI Egypt Seminar: Unleashing the potential of Egyptian farmers


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The IFPRI-Egypt Seminar Series is part of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded project called “Evaluating Impact and Building Capacity” (EIBC) that is implemented by IFPRI. The seminar supports USAID’s Agribusiness for Rural Development and Increasing Incomes (ARDII) project’s objectives.

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Othman Elshaikh (GoE) • 2018 IFPRI Egypt Seminar: Unleashing the potential of Egyptian farmers

  3. 3. Background Southern Egypt  Highest Climate vulnerability rates  Highest temperature rise and current extreme weather events  Highest evapo-transpiration  Highest losses in crop productivity  Highest rates of disease and pest infestations  Highest livestock productivity affected  Highest Food insecurity rates Southern Egypt stands to lose a minimum of 30 % of its food production by 2050 - compounding the already economically stressed and food –insecure state of the region.
  4. 4. Background…cont’  In response, GOE proposed a project to build climate resilience of Southern Egypt.  Project is funded by the AF. WFP is the implementing entity and MALR is the executing entity.  Project Objectives: 1) improve the adaptive capacity of the Southern region of the country in the face of anticipated climate-induced reduction in food production through a set of integrated intevensions and 2) build institutional capacity at national, regional and local levels to enable sustainability and replication of the project inteventions 4 years 135,757 direct + 1.7 indirect beneficiaries
  5. 5. Selection of Locations Aswan, Luxor , Qena, Sohag & Assuit  Agro-Climatology parameters analyzed Each of the 5 governorates is a distinct climatic area Implement in All five governorates  Climate data available at governorate level  Socio-economic vulnerability used for selection of districts (food security) then villages (poverty)  Consultations with stakeholders (security, social tensions, acceptance, Presence of local NGOs ) SELECTION OF VILLAGES (40)
  6. 6. Project Interventions  Component 1:  Community level mobilization and climate adaptation planning including baseline assessment- done in preparation of project document  techniques: awareness sessions, contests, theatre  Establishment Climate information centers in NGOs  Early Warning System 5 days & recommendations. Dissemination of information
  7. 7. Project Interventions…………continued Building resilience in agricultural production Introduction of heat tolerant varieties of common crops - 10 varieties of wheat, 3 of sorghum, and 3 tomato Introduction of chilling tolerate sugar cane variety Promotion of high income crops - grow better in warmer climates, bring in additional income while conserving water medical aromatic plants Black seed and fennel, changing sowing dates. New agricultural techniques to increase crop heat tolerance and productivity under heat
  8. 8. Project Interventions…………continued Building resilience in agricultural production Intercropping to diversify and increase income ( sorghum & cowpea fava beans & cane; maize and tomato; garlic and wheat) as a means of increasing resilience. 60% increase in income & resources efficiency Value addition to diversify and augment income sources, such as improved post harvest practices and small scale food processing (sun dried tomato + pomegranate deseeding)
  9. 9. Project Interventions…………continued  Building resilience through livestock and poultry production.  Establishment of community-level revolving loans schemes in local NGOs. (goats; honey bees; ducks; and rabbits  Vet services enhanced  Training and ongoing technical assistance on animal nutrition will be given by trained governmental and community organizations.  Target women for gender balance
  10. 10. Introduction and use of water saving irrigation and other adaptation techniques  realizing irrigation efficiency through laser leveling of soil; canal lining;  Demonstration fields set up  Establishment/strengthening water users associations -40 established – for sustainability in local NGO How its done
  11. 11.  Local Ownership  Water users associations under local NGO  Increased efficiency- 25-30%  Owners participate  Much lower costs Canal lining Benefits
  12. 12. Component 2: Capacity building for climate knowledge and replication of interventions under component 1  lessons learned retained and disseminated to all actors to replicate them in the government’s first phase of support to 151 villages covering some 1.7 million people  Building capacity of government technical staff:  extension officers- soft skills + technical capacity building  replication of early warning systems and other project interventions in directorates  Presentations to senior governmental offices at central level  Documentation & sharing of Lessons learned and Best Practices  Flyers, Brochures, documentary, (sample +pictures) 1-hour orientation package for ministers and 2-days training package for technical ministerial staff, organized visits. TV, radio and newspapers outreach &Harvest Days (explain) for replication  Integration of solutions into University & Secondary Schools curriculum  Training of students: field days, case studies, summer training, on campus demonstration fields  Use of lessons learned in enriching teaching modules
  13. 13. Lessons Learned  Engegement of diverse stakeholders in resilience building in project design, activity planning, implementation, follow-up was very successful in building ownership for sustainability.  Capacity building of stakeholders in parallel was effective in having each play its role. although this approach is slower, its more sustainable
  14. 14. Lessons Learned  Farmers make use of technology more than expected (facebook, smart phone application was very success full)  Word of mouth +use of local resources (mosque +church) was very effective in spreading messages from the project (eg. early warning messages)  Use of innovative methods (theater, traditional singers, to raise awareness on adaptation was highly successful)  Income generated from animal projects allowed women to establish their own businesses, building household financial resilience