GHI Launch Des Moines 2012


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2012 Global Hunger Index Launch Event "The Challenge of Hunger: Ensuring Sustainable Food Security Under Land, Water & Energy Stresses" by Mathias Mogge (Welthungerhilfe) October 18, 2012

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  • Introduction: case study from Sierra Leone serves as an example for many other similar cases around the world according to the Land Matrix project – an initiative of ILC, Giga, Cirad, University of Bern, GIZ – between 50 and 200 million ha of land have been leased, purchased or negotiated within the last 10-12 years By now, farmers in four countries who participate in Welthungerhilfe projects have been affected: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cambodia, Laos
  • Welthungerhilfe had been working in Pujehun District since 2007, engaging with smallholder farmers to rehabilitate rural infrastructure, increase incomes, and forster food security through efficient and environmentally safe use of available natural resources.
  • GHI Launch Des Moines 2012

    1. 1. How Pressure for Land TransformsRural Livelihoods in Sierra Leone
    2. 2. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural Livelihoods 2
    3. 3. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural LivelihoodsFacts & Figures- Sierra Leone‘s 2012 GHI is „alarming“ (24.7)- Majority of the population depends on small-scale farming for its livelihood (between 50 and 60 percent)- Government of Sierra Leone promotes agricultural modernization by means of mechanization and commercialization- Between 2008 and mid-2012, almost 1 million hectares of farmland across the country were leased or under negotiation for lease (approx. 20 percent available agricultural area)- Most projects are export-oriented- Arguments for large-scale FDI: agricultural modernization, overall positive outcomes, availability of vast areas of unused land
    4. 4. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural LivelihoodsSAC Investment in Pujehun District - Figures - Investor: Socfin Agricultural Company Sierra Leone Ltd (SAC), a subsidiary of the corporation Socfin registered in Luxemburg - Leased area: 6,500 hectares; for the production of oil palm and rubber - Duration of lease: 50 years (i.e. 2061, possible extension for another 21 years) - 24 villages are situated within the concession area
    5. 5. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural LivelihoodsSAC Investment in Pujehun District - Concerns- Intransparent process of land acquisition, local land owners and users were not involved in the decision making process- Land was not „unused“, but previously used for farming, hunting & collection of non-timber forest products, grazing- Expectations of local communities – e.g. better job opportunities, access to improved education – have not materialized so far (only seasonal work, day labour)- Compensation only for tree crops, rent payments are low (12.50 USD/ha/year), 50 percent of rent payment is going to the Government- Food prices in the affected region rose by 27 percent on average between May 2011 and May 2012- Consequence: Fall in both food quality and quantity at household level- Rapid transformation process resulting in widespread feelings of anxiety
    6. 6. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural LivelihoodsPromoting Alternatives to Large-Scale Investments- Experiences of Welthungerhilfe show that smallholder agriculture – even when production is „atomized“ among farms with average farm size of 2.4 ha – has good economic potential, example: Cacao cooperative Eastern Sierra Leone- But: scaling-up remains a challenge; must be supported through corresponding policies and strategies- New FAO Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forest can be a helpful tool for governments, but also for civil society organisations acting as a watchdog- Alternative forms of investment are needed where private investors cooperate with smallholders and smallholders can participate in the rural transformation process (e.g. certain models of contract farming)
    7. 7. How Pressure for Land Transforms Rural Livelihoods Sony Jina, Sinjo village, Malen Chiefdom . “Today I have a quarter of what I used to have. The food situation is far worse than before, because there is no more farming. We used to eat two times a day; now we eat only once a day and we have to buy everything” 7